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, being one before and the other after the date of the sensational reports referred to, are sufficient to stamp them as utterly untrue. The inaugural was deliberately prepared, and uttered as written, and in connection with the farewell speech to the Senate, presents a clear and authentic statement of the principles and purposes which actuated me on assuming the duties of the high office to which I had been called. inaugural address Gentlemen of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, Friends, and Fellow-Citizens: Called to the difficult and responsible station of Chief Magistrate of the Provisional Government which you have instituted, I approach the discharge of the duties assigned to me with humble distrust of my abilities, but with a sustaining confidence in the wisdom of those who are to guide and aid me in the administration of public affairs, and an abiding faith in the virtue and patriotism of the people. Looking forward to the speedy establishment of a
on of three persons be appointed by the President-elect, as early as may be convenient after his inauguration, and sent to the Government of the United States of America, for the purpose of negotiating friendly relations between that Government and the Confederate States of America, and for the settlement of all questions of disageement between the two Governments, upon principles of right, justice, equity, and good faith. Statutes at Large, Provisional Government, Confederate States of America, p. 92. Persistent and to a great extent successful efforts were made to inflame the minds of the people of the northwestern states by representing to them th cargoes, without any duty or hindrance, except light-money, pilotage, and other like charges. Statutes at Large, Provisional Government, Confederate States of America, pp. 36-38. By an act approved on February 26, all laws which forbade the employment in the coasting trade of vessels not enrolled or licensed, and all laws i
nformed that this expedition was to come. Colonel Lamon's remark convinced me that the idea, merely hinted at to me by Captain Fox, would not be carried out. The Count of Paris libels the memory of Major Anderson, and perverts the truth of history in this, as he has done in other particulars, by saying, with reference to the visit of Captain Fox to the fort, that, having visited Anderson at Fort Sumter, a plan had been agreed upon between them for revictualing the garrison.—Civil War in America, authorized translation, Vol. I, Chapt. IV, p. 137. Fox himself says, in his published letter, I made no arrangements with Major Anderson for supplying the fort, nor did I inform him of my plan; Major Anderson, in the letter above, says the idea had been merely hinted at by Captain Fox, and that Colonel Lamon had led him to believe that it had been abandoned. We shall strive to do our duty, thought I frankly say that my heart is not in this war, which I see is to be thus commenced.
the next day an act was passed calling a state convention to assemble on December 17th, to determine the question of the withdrawal of the state from the United States. Candidates for membership were immediately nominated. All were in favor of secession. The convention assembled on December 17th, and on the 20th passed an ordinance to dissolve the union between the State of South Carolina and other States united with her under the compact entitled The Constitution of the United States of America. The ordinance began with these words: We the people of the State of South Carolina, in convention assembled, do declare and ordain, etc. The state authorities immediately conformed to this action of the convention, and the laws and authority of the United States ceased to be obeyed within the limits of the state. About four months afterward, when the state, in union with others which had joined her, had possessed herself of the forts within her limits, which the United States government
n to any office or public trust under this Confederacy. Constitution of the United States of America. This is an exact copy of the original in punctuation, spelling, capitals, etc. Constitutionuidance of Almighty God—do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Confederate States of America. article I:article I: section 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a ows:section 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a President of the Confederate States of America. He and the Vice-President shall hold their offices for the term of six years; but the Preside(or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the Confederate States of America, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution thereof. sernment. Articles in addition to, and amendment of, the Constitution of the United States of America. Proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, Pursuant to the