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on to Sherman, and partly to favor the operations of Sheridan in the Valley. On the 1st of October, Sherman reported the advance of Hood, and added: If he tries to get on my road this side of the Etowa, I shall attack him; but if he goes on to Selma and Talladega [due west], why would it not do for me to leave Tennessee to the forces which Thomas has, and the reserves soon to come to Nashville, and for me to destroy Atlanta, and then march across Georgia to Savannah or Charleston, breaking rry out the plan as early as was contemplated. Any considerable force to co-operate with Sherman on the sea-coast must not be sent from here. The question is whether, under such circumstances, Augusta and Savannah would not be a better line than Selma, Montgomery, and Mobile. I think Savannah might be taken by surprise with one corps from here, and such other troops as Foster could spare from the Department of the South. This is my view, but before giving positive orders, I want to make a vi
country in which we have an interest, and he has orders, if Hood turns to follow me, to push for Selma. No single army can catch him, and I am convinced the best results will follow from our defeatihim to turn and follow me, in which event you should cross at Decatur and move directly towards Selma, as far as you can transport supplies. Thomas replied on the 12th: I have no fears that Beauregother from Baton Rouge. As large a force as can be sent, said Grant, ought to go to Meridian or Selma. . . The road from Jackson should be well broken, and as much damage as possible done to the Mobbeing at the junction with the road leading into Mississippi and Alabama, by way of Meridian and Selma. The Tennessee river runs west from Chattanooga, and south of the railroad, nearly to Corinth; at last found a base, and railroad communication was uninterrupted in his rear, from Corinth to Selma and Mobile. The troops beyond the Mississippi had been ordered to reinforce him, and the only s
burned Atlanta, and was marching in the direction of Macon. We have no force, he said, to hinder him, and must fall back to Macon, where reinforcements should be sent at once. Beauregard, on the same day, telegraphed from Tuscumbia: I would advise all available force which can be sent from North and South Carolina be held ready to move to defence of Augusta or crossing of Savannah river; but he was informed that no troops out of his own department could be sent to him. Richard Taylor, at Selma, however, was ordered to call on the governors of Alabama and Mississippi for all the state troops they could furnish, and to keep himself in readiness to move at a moment's notice, with all his available force; while Wheeler, with thirteen brigades of cavalry, See note to page 299. was instructed to watch the national movements closely, and attack and harass Sherman at all favorable points. On the 17th, Cobb announced from Macon: We are falling back rapidly to this place. We are too
o bring against Sherman. If this be the case, Selma and Montgomery can be easily reached. I do nodo, and when, and get his choice, looking upon Selma as his objective. Thomas must make a campaignfrom the Gulf of Mexico towards Montgomery and Selma. On the 18th of January, the general-in-chiefomise to be too long a one, and Montgomery and Selma, and the destruction of all roads, machine-shoand the acquisition of the munitions of war at Selma or Montgomery far outweighed in importance, toforces brought into the field. Tuscaloosa and Selma would probably be the points to direct the expops—these three latter pushing for Tuscaloosa, Selma, and Montgomery, and Sherman, with a large arme 20th of February as possible, to move on Selma, Alabama, which would tend to ward Forrest off. He r forces to the interior, to Montgomery and to Selma. Destroy railroads, rolling stock, and everytbout seven thousand men from Vicksburg towards Selma. I ordered Thomas to send Wilson from Eastpor
orrest was in front with a motley force, made up of conscripts and local militia: old men and boys, clergymen, physicians, editors, judges—the people usually left behind in time of war. To these the rebel commander added two or three thousand cavalry-men, and altogether his numbers amounted to seven thousand. On the 1st of April, Wilson encountered this enemy at Ebenezer Church, and drove him across the Cahawba river in confusion. On the 2nd, he attacked and captured the fortified city of Selma, took thirty-two guns and three thousand prisoners, and destroyed the arsenal, armory, machine-shops, and a vast quantity of stores. On the 4th, he captured and destroyed Tuscaloosa. On the 10th, he crossed the Alabama river, and, on the 14th, occupied Montgomery, which the enemy had abandoned. Here he divided his force, sending one portion upon West Point, and the other against Columbus, in Georgia. Both these places were assaulted and captured on the 16th of April, the latter by a gall
already been decided upon. At one time he seemed most decidedly of opinion that he ought to operate by Montgomery and Selma, and connect himself with Canby and Farragut on the Alabama river, thus severing the northern part of Georgia and Alabamas than the Savannah. 5th. The line is more defensible for General Canby's troops than the other. 6th. Montgomery, Selma, and Mobile are, in a military point of view, more important than Augusta, Millen, and Savannah. 7th. Mobile can be mthan that by the Savannah. There is a section of country, from fifty to one hundred and fifty miles wide, extending from Selma west to Meridian, and thence north on both sides of the Tombigbee to Columbus, Aberdeen, and Okalona, more rich in agricuor has been but very little disturbed in this section, and the large crops of this year are being collected at Demopolis, Selma, Montgomery, and other points for the use of the rebel army. By moving on that line they will be converted to our use o
rendered to the United States from April 8 to December 30, 1865. date of ReportWhere SurrenderedCanonSmall-Armsremarks April 11, 1865Army of the James26310,000Lee's army. May 31, 1865Army of the Potomac25122,633 Sept 12, 1865Richmond and Petersburg175 July 27,165Department of North Carolina566,042Johnston's army. July 25, 1865Greensboro, Charlotte, N C1688,424 May 31,165Department of Kentucky99Taylor Aug 31 1865Mt Vernon Arsenal, Ala911,400 I)ec 9, 1865Macon, Ga14028,163 Dec 9, 1865Selma and Montgomery, Ala105353 Dec 9, 1865Jackson, Miss1,235 July 27, 1865Shreveport, La, and Marshall, Tex174,024Smith Aug 16, 1865Baton Rouge Arsenal, La694400 Dec 30, 1865Vicksburg and Yazoo City, Miss143 Dec 30, 1865Vicksburg Miss4595 Dec 30, 1863Trans-Mississippi Department204 The records of the Ordnance Office do not show from what general the surrendered arms, etc., were received, except in the case of Johnston's army to General Sherman. ordnance office, War Department, Decemb
ew York to preserve order during election, 171; Fort Fisher affair, 225, 229, 235, 246, 307, 323; relieved from command, 329. Cairo, Grant arrives at, i., 11; Grant in command of district of, 25. Campbell's station, fight at, i., 536. Canby, General E. R. S., supersedes Banks, II., 204; ordered to move against Mobile, 346; ordered to send troops to Pascagoula, III., 41; ordered to act against communications of Hood and Beauregard, 175; ordered to destroy factories at Montgomery and Selma, 367; movements on the Mississippi, 388; ordered into Alabama, 390; slowness and disregard of orders, 408, 409; campaign against Mobile, 637. Cape Fear river, geography of, III., 307; capture of defences of, 343; Schofield's movements on, 380. Carolinas, Sherman's campaign in the, III., 421-433. Cassville taken by Sherman, II., 535. Cedar creek, battle of, III., 92-100. Chamberlain's creek, repulse of rebels at, III., 468. Chambersburg, Pa., burnt by Early's orders, II., 49