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my admiration; he was not only battling with enemies abroad, but with a turbulent Congress at home. It was during our pleasant excursions round Richmond that he imparted to me his purpose to largely re-enforce General J. E. Johnston's Army at Dalton, for the object of moving in the early Spring to the rear of the Federal Army, then concentrating at Chattanooga. He also expressed a desire to send me to command a corps under General Johnston. I was deeply impressed with the importance of thiaggressive campaign would be initiated. I was 10th, indeed, to leave General Lee and the troops with whom I had served for so long a period. I was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General, left Richmond about the 1st of February, arrived at Dalton, Georgia, on the 4th, and reported for duty to General J. E. Johnston. A short time before leaving the Capital General Breckinridge, whilst we were together in my room at the Spotswood Hotel, approached the seat I was occupying, and placed his
of its losses-asserting that I had at and near Dalton an available force of seventy-five thousand (7the 6th of May, 1864, the Army lay at and near Dalton, awaiting the advance of the enemy. Never hadessary to prove what was the force at and near Dalton, or as I expressed it in my official report, I effective strength of the cavalry directly at Dalton on the 1st of May; but it does not include briirty-nine (66,139) men, thirteen days out from Dalton; to which force should be added three thousandArmy, from all causes during the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta, Ga., between the 7th of May and 18o effectually carried out in the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta. He came to the position of all ot after having captured the troops stationed at Dalton, attempted to march through Mill Creek Gap; iteral that he was justified in his retreat from Dalton on the night of the 12th by the report that Shy official report, since our Army was still at Dalton on the 12th, when nearly one-half of Polk's Co[32 more...]
ransfer from the Virginia to the Western Army Dalton, Resaca, Adairsville, and Cassville. Before-In addition to the Army of Tennessee, then at Dalton, the General commanding there was offered, forof the war. On the evening of my arrival at Dalton, on or about the 4th of February, I repaired tfall back and take up some position in rear of Dalton. I at once told him that I knew nothing of th Polk's and Longstreet's forces to join him at Dalton, where, this large Army being concentrated, he the following letter: [Private.]Dalton, Georgia, April 13th, 1864. my Dear General. I I had had a conception of the operations from Dalton to Atlanta, naught but the most peremptory ordve lost twenty-five thousand (25,000) men from Dalton to Atlanta, and,at the same time, no material similar movement had dislodged us already from Dalton and Resaca, and in fact dislodged us from every position between Dalton and Atlanta — how long is it supposed we would have remained at Cassville?[5 more...]
der General Johnston, during the last year of the war. In truth, I had nowise altered in my nature; and I will add that no General ever received more thorough co-operation of his corps commanders than did General Johnston during his campaign from Dalton to Atlanta. He was on cordial terms with each of us, and it should be borne in mind that tile animus displayed towards General Polk and myself, never became apparent till after I was assigned to the command of the Army of Tennessee, and the noblis effect: In the name of Heaven, what is to become of us? Here we are with the depots for recruits drained, from Mobile to Richmond, all the troops having been sent either to us or to General Lee, in Virginia; our Army fifty or sixty miles from Dalton, no general battle fought, and our Commander talking of Macon, one hundred miles beyond Atlanta, as being the place to fall back upon! This gloomy outlook brought about the comparison touching our losses up to that period, and to which I have
rst appearance of the Federals in its front at Dalton, it possessed the capability to be rendered thes was originally the same; that the troops at Dalton were capable of having been made the equal of sk a battle in the mountain fastnesses between Dalton and the Chattahoochee, but preferred to decide much spirit and confidence as it possessed at Dalton, is erroneous. Whilst I have a proper regard of that Army that the continuous retreat from Dalton to the plains of Georgia, produced a demoralizh is, no troops handled as these had been from Dalton to Atlanta could have attacked with extraordine position after another in the mountains from Dalton to Atlanta, and devotes that number to an explherefore, to be prepared to beat him here --at Dalton. In his written reply to the same, he says: ssissippi, he spoke continually of fighting at Dalton; when, however, Sherman appeared at Tunnel Hil, or any other point on the railway line below Dalton, because of our poverty in resources towards t[4 more...]
is important object. I am, therefore, reluctant to believe that General Johnston possessed any more definite idea of defending Atlanta than he had of defending Dalton, or any other position from that point to Atlanta. He brings forward the presence of his family in this city, as evidence of his intention to make a stand; and a stated that General Johnston foreshadowed to his corps commanders at New Hope Church, his intention to retreat to Macon, Georgia, during his campaign of ‘64 from Dalton. I am the only living witness of this historic truth; therefore, Mr. McFarland's testimony, through one of your prominence and character, becomes of great relatiroves that the soldiers of General Sherman's Army had been demoralized by their course of life on the Southern plantations. Those soldiers, when fighting between Dalton and Atlanta, could not have been driven back repeatedly by a fourth of their number, with a loss so utterly insignificant. Was it General Johnston's policy to re
satisfactory results were obtained than in the West, that I have become a still more ardent advocate of the Lee and Jackson school. The troops of the Army of Tennessee had for such length of time been subjected to the ruinous policy pursued from Dalton to Atlanta that they were unfitted for united action in pitched battle. They had, in other words, been so long habituated to security behind breastworks that they had become wedded to the timid defensive policy, and naturally regarded with distrh the reduced numbers of the Army, which opposed a force of one hundred and six thousand (106,000) Federals, buoyant with success and hope, and who were fully equal to one hundred and forty thousand (140,000) such troops as confronted Johnston at Dalton, by reason of their victorious march of a hundred miles into the heart of the Confederacy. Accordingly, on the night of the 18th and morning of the 19th, I formed line of battle facing Peach Tree creek; the left rested near Pace's Ferry road,
and, with characteristic frankness, expressed his appreciation of the grave responsibilities attached to the position in which I had been placed; assured me that he full well understood the condition of the Army, after our protracted retreat from Dalton, and wished me to know, before he entered into battle, that he was with me in heart and purpose, and intended to abide by me through all emergencies. During the early afternoon of the ensuing day, I received the painful intelligence of his deathas I have no doubt, he did many times with impunity, when driving us before him through the mountain fastnesses of Georgia. My failure on the 20th, and 22d, to bring about a general pitched battle arose from the unfortunate policy pursued from Dalton to Atlanta, and which had wrought such demoralization amid rank and file as to render the men unreliable in battle. I cannot give a more forcible, though homely, exemplification of the morale of the troops, at that period, than by comparing the
I ordered General Wheeler with four thousand five hundred (4500) men to begin operations at once. He succeeded in burning the bridge over the Etowah; recaptured Dalton and Resaca; destroyed about thirty-five miles of railroad in the vicinity, and captured about three hundred mules and one thousand horses; he destroyed, in additit, with a force of about forty-five thousand (45,ooo) against an Army of one hundred and six thousand (106,000) effectives, flushed with victory upon victory from Dalton to Atlanta. When we recall the extent of the demoralization of the troops at the commencement of the siege, we cannot but recognize that the Army of Tennessee was composed of splendid material, and that its condition at Dalton justifies the assertion of its capability, by proper handling, of having been made the equal of its counterpart in Virginia. The non-fulfilment of its brilliant promise is nowise attributable to the officers and men. The fault lies at the door of the teacher in who
h those of Sherman, and with those of Johnston from Dalton to Atlanta. Having stated that our position at Assee at different periods, during the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta. Strength of the Army of Tennesuring the campaign commencing May 7th, 1864, at Dalton, Georgia, and ending after the engagement with the enemypi in the series of engagements around and from Dalton, Georgia, to the Etowah river, for the periaod commencinrts is as follows:   Killed. Wounded. Total. Dalton to Etowah river 444 2,828 3,272 New Hope Church late Army of Tennessee. note.--The Atlanta-Dalton campaign began on May 7th, and ended on the 1st of his was the entire strength of the Army at and near Dalton at that date. 2. The movement from Dalton began Dalton began on the 12th May. On that day Loring's Division, Army of Mississippi, and Cantry's Division, joined at Resaca,ston; and at the close of his victorious march from Dalton to Atlanta, one hundred and six thousand and sevent
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