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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 13: building a navy on the Western rivers.--battle of Belmont. (search)
. Commander Walke attacks the batteries near Columbus. battle of Belmont. Grant gains two victoris in Tennessee, and Polk's heavy batteries at Columbus barred the way against vessels from above. Tl Polk soon violated this neutrality, seizing Columbus, some twenty miles below Cairo, and threatenificer Foote, proceeded down the river towards Columbus to make reconnoissance, accompanied by office Ninth Illinois Regiment, and then approached Columbus to ascertain the strength of the batteries. the two gun-boats, to attack the batteries at Columbus as a diversion, which was done. As the gun-bmen, were discovered coming up the river from Columbus, and Grant Battle of Belmont. endeavored toire drew the attention of the artillerists at Columbus, who opened on the Federal troops. The mared the enemy's batteries on the heights above Columbus, and protected our transports throughout. Foes had to land their troops that crossed from Columbus three miles below, giving the men a long marc[2 more...]
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 14: battle and capture of Fort Henry by the Navy. (search)
ort Henry. Shortly after the battle of Belmont the Confederates established a strong line of operations reaching to the centre of Kentucky. On their left was Columbus, where they had collected a strong force and 140 guns. One of their largest armies was at the junction of the Louisville and Nashville, and Memphis and Ohio Raiall calibres. Our Navy had already recaptured 211 of these Norfolk guns, and it remains to be seen what account it will render of those which now confront it at Columbus, Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. Grant knew the nature of these works better than any other officer, and saw that Bowling Green and Columbus could both be turneColumbus could both be turned as soon as Henry and Donelson fell. Halleck and others were making great strategic movements, which amounted to nothing, but Grant kept his mind steadily fixed on these two forts, knowing the effect their fall would have. On the 23d of January Grant visited Halleck at St. Louis, and urgently requested permission to make the
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 15: capture of Fort Donelson and battle of Shiloh. (search)
untenable as soon as Donelson was attacked, and was abandoned on the 14th of February, the day before the Confederate works on the Cumberland were carried, while Columbus and the other end of the strategic line were evacuated early in March, thus leaving the Mississippi river free from the Confederate flag from St. Louis to Arkansor they were all very much in want of men. As fast as the vessels were made ready for service they were kept moving in the work of reconnoitering down towards Columbus. or else they were employed on the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers to deter the enemy from erecting batteries along the banks; also to assure the inhabitants thfew heavy defeats the Southern people would return to their allegiance. For here it was seen that after the victories of Donelson and Shiloh, and the capture of Columbus, Nashville and Bowling Green, no perceptible effect was made upon the resolution of the Confederates. Their energy was not in the least diminished. Gen. Gran
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 16: operations on the Mississippi. (search)
been broken and most of Tennessee lying at the mercy of the Federal Army. As Columbus still declined to yield, Flag-officer Foote, in company with General Cullom ofhat the above affair took place, Flag-officer Foote sent Lieut.-Com. Phelps to Columbus with a flag of truce. As he drew near the fort he saw that the Confederates wut these were the only troops in sight; while the fires burning in the town of Columbus and along the river showed that the enemy were determined to destroy everythinrinth, there were some ten or twelve thousand more, with daily accessions from Columbus and the South; at Bear Creek Bridge, seven miles back of Eastport, Mississippig-officer Foote got under way from Cairo, and proceeded down the river towards Columbus. Besides the flag-ship Benton, there were the Mound City, Commander A. H. Kila large number of barges and lighters in tow. As this expedition approached Columbus the Union flag was seen floating from the ramparts. It had been taken possess