nd takes no forethought about
any thing; a third class say that such a being exists and
exercises forethought, but only about great things and
heavenly things, and about nothing on the earth; a fourth
class say that a divine being exercises forethought both
about things on the earth and heavenly things, but in a
general way only, and not about things severally. There
is a fifth class to whom Ulysses and Socrates belong, who
say: I move not without thy knowledgeThe line is from the prayer of Ulysses to Athena: Hear me
child of Zeus, thou who standest by me always in all dangers, nor do
I even move without thy knowledge. Socrates said that the gods
know everything, what is said and done and thought (Xenophon,
Mem. i. 1, 19). Compare Cicero, De Nat. Deorum, i. 1, 2; and Dr.
Price's Dissertation on Providence, sect. i. Epictetus enumerates the
various opinions about the gods in antient times. The reader may
consult the notes in Schweighaeuser's edition. The opinions about
God among modern
us Trojan, Venus' son,
Aeneas, whom I call no more a foe,
I warn you now: avoid the shores of Circe.
“We moored our ship beside that country too;
but, mindful of the dangers we had run
with Laestrygons and cruel Polyphemus,
refused to go ashore. Ulysses chose
some men by lot and told them to seek out
a roof which he had seen among the trees.
The lot took me, then staunch Polytes next,
Eurylochus, Elpenor fond of wine,
and eighteen more and brought us to the walls
of Circe's dwelling.
“As we dreo suffered a like change
(charms have such power!) I was prisoned in a stye.
“We saw Eurylochus alone avoid
our swinish form, for he refused the cup.
If he had drained it, I should still remain
one of a bristly herd. Nor would his news
have made Ulysses sure of our disaster
and brought a swift avenger of our fate.
“Peace bearing Hermes gave him a white flower
from a black root, called Moly by the gods.
With this protection and the god's advice
he entered Circe's hall and, as she gave
It should have nothing (saving leaves) to bee desyred: and
Ageine if that the vyne which ronnes uppon the Elme had nat
The tree to leane unto, it should uppon the ground ly flat.
Yit art not thou admonisht by example of this tree
To take a husband, neyther doost thou passe to maryed bee.
But would to God thou wouldest. Sure Queene Helen never had
Mo suters, nor the Lady that did cause the battell mad
Betweene the halfbrute Centawres and the Lapythes, nor the wyfe
Of bold Ulysses whoo was eeke ay fearefull of his lyfe,
Than thou shouldst have. For thousands now (even now most cheefly when
Thou seemest suters to abhorre) desyre thee, both of men,
And Goddes and halfgoddes, yea and all the fayryes that doo dwell
In Albane hilles. But if thou wilt bee wyse, and myndest well
To match thy self, and wilt give eare to this old woman heere,
(To whom thou more than to them all art (trust mee) leef and deere,
And more than thou thyself beleevst) the common matches flee,