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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Montreal, massacre at (search)
ederacy) invaded the island of Montreal, burned all the plantations, and murdered men, women, and children. This event threw the whole French colony into consternation. It was reported that 1,000 of the French were slain during the invasion, besides twenty-six carried into captivity and burned alive. It was this massacre that the French sought to avenge the next year, when Frontenac sent into the Mohawk country the mongrel party that destroyed Schenectady, and two others which attacked Salmon Falls and Casco, in Maine. Sir William Phipps having been successful in an expedition against Port Royal, Acadia, in 1690, a plan for the conquest of Canada was speedily arranged. A fleet under Phipps proceeded against Quebec, and colonial land forces were placed under the supreme command of Fitz-John Winthrop, son of Governor Winthrop, of Connecticut. Milborne, son-in-law of Leisler, undertook, as commissary, to provide and forward subsistence for the march. Colonel Schuyler with a party of
ce of provincial president, appoint a council for the safety of the people, and resume the government according to charter rights......April 18, 1689 Garrison at Pemaquid attacked by Indians and forced to surrender......Aug. 2, 1689 Maj. Benjamin Church, with 600 men raised by Massachusetts, proceeds to the Kennebec, and, ranging along the coasts, intimidates the Indians; leaving sixty soldiers at Fort Loyal, he returns with the rest to Massachusetts......1689 Newichawannock (now Salmon Falls), attacked by French and Indians under Sieur Artel, and fifty-four settlers captured and the settlement burned......March 18, 1690 Five hundred French and Indians under Castin attack Fort Loyal at Falmouth; the people abandon the village and retire to the garrison, May 16, which capitulates on the 20th, when the French, after burning the town, retire to Quebec with 100 prisoners......May, 1690 Sir William Phipps leaves Boston with five vessels for Nova Scotia. He captures Port Ro
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), William's War, King (search)
suits, the Indians were made allies of the French and the two races were frequently found on the war-path few months later Frontenac, governor of Canada, sent a party of 300 French and Indian warriors from Montreal to penetrate the country towards Albany. On a gloomy night in the winter (Feb. 18, 1690), when the snow lay 20 inches deep in the Mohawk Valley, they fell upon the frontier town of Schenectady (q. v.), massacred many of the people, and burned the village. Early in the spring Salmon Falls, near Piscataqua, was surprised (March 28) and thirty of its inhabitants were killed; and the attacking party, on its way homeward, met a third party that Women settlers standing Guard. had come from Quebec and joined them in destroying the fort and settlement at Casco, where a similar attack had been repulsed by the famous Captain Church. Other eastern villages suffered. All the colonies were aroused by these atrocities, and the New England people resolved on speedy retaliation.