Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Berkshire (Mass.) (Massachusetts, United States) or search for Berkshire (Mass.) (Massachusetts, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Agricultural societies. (search)
These were city institutions, and not composed of practical farmers. They dealt with facts and theories. The majority of husbandmen then did not hear nor heed their appeals for improvements. But finally the more intelligent of that class of citizens became interested, and a convention of practical farmers in the District of Columbia, held in 1809, resulted in the formation of the Columbian Agricultural Society for the Promotion of Rural and Domestic Economy. They offered premiums; and their fair, held in May, 1810, is believed to be the first exhibition of its kind in this country. Elkanah Watson (q. v.) founded the Berkshire (Mass.) Agricultural Society in 1810, and there was a grand Agricultural fair and cattle show at Pittsfield in September, 1811. It was the first of the county fairs held in this country. From that time until now there has been, at first a gradual, and then a rapid, increase in such institutions; and now they exist in every State and Territory of the Union.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Paterson, John 1744-1808 (search)
gton he hastened with a regiment of minute-men to Cambridge, where he cast up the first redoubt of the fortifications around Boston. After the evacuation of that city he was sent to Canada, and a part of his regiment was engaged at the Cedars. When the army left Canada he joined Washington, and was engaged in the battles of Trenton and Princeton; and in February, 1777, he was made brigadiergeneral and attached to the Northern Department, where he rendered important services in the events which ended in the capture of Burgoyne. At the battle of Monmouth, the next year, he was very efficient, and remained in the service until the close of the war. In 1786 he commanded a detachment of Berkshire militia which was sent to suppress Shays's insurrection. He removed to Lisle, N. Y., after that, where he became a member of the legislature, member of the convention that revised the State constitution in 1801, and member of Congress from 1803 to 1805. He died in Lisle, N. Y., July 19, 1808.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Watson, Elkanah 1758- (search)
Watson, Elkanah 1758- Agriculturist; born in Plymouth, Mass., Jan. 22, 1758; was apprenticed in 1773 to John Brown, a merchant in Providence, R. I., who in 1775 sent him with a large quantity of powder to Washington for use in the siege of Boston. At the age of twenty-one (1779) he was made bearer of despatches by Congress to Dr. Franklin, in Paris. He visited Michigan and explored the lake region, and also a route to Montreal, with a view to opening some improved way for its commercial connection with New York and Boston. In 1828 he settled at Port Kent, on the west side of Lake Champlain, where he died, Dec. 5, 1842. His unfinished autobiography, completed by his son, Winslow Cossoul Watson, was published in 1855 under the title of Men and times of the Revolution. Among his published writings were a History of the Western canals of New York; A history of the modern Agricultural societies; Agricultural societies on the modern Berkshire system, etc.