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Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 6 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 21. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 6 0 Browse Search
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862., Part II: Correspondence, Orders, and Returns. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott) 5 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: June 14, 1862., [Electronic resource] 5 1 Browse Search
Edward Alfred Pollard, The lost cause; a new Southern history of the War of the Confederates ... Drawn from official sources and approved by the most distinguished Confederate leaders. 4 0 Browse Search
Matthew Arnold, Civilization in the United States: First and Last Impressions of America. 4 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: July 7, 1862., [Electronic resource] 4 0 Browse Search
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2 4 0 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 4 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: October 7, 1862., [Electronic resource] 4 0 Browse Search
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Owen Wister, Ulysses S. Grant, V. (search)
rmies of the Mississippi and the Tennessee. The battles of Iuka and Corinth were fought. By November Grant was once again able to go on with his interrupted strategy of flanking the Mississippi. It was not until the following spring that he walked to his goal with a firm step. In the months between he was not only hampered by many external embarrassments, but his own mind had not come to a final clear determination. The jealousy of McClernand, the treachery that lost him his base at Holly Springs, and his own not very sound plan of co-operating with Sherman on the east bank — these among other causes helped his first failure. Then in the winter months his canal-cutting, and various operations upon both sides of the river, were defeated by Nature herself. Perhaps he should have known that land and water were tangled in such a chaos here that the first chapter of Genesis alone could have straightened them for an army. One sentence from Porter's report of the Yazoo Pass attempt,
this disaster to the Union cause, which they exaggerated, and fancied that the national troops must either starve where they were, or retreat, demoralized and beaten, an easy prey for Forrest's active cavalry. Some rebel women came one day to Grant's headquarters, smiling with exultation at the news they had heard. They thought to taunt him, in a genteel way, with his loss, and, as they supposed, his hopeless condition. What will you do, general, asked one, now that you have lost Holly Springs, and your soldiers will have nothing to eat? The general noticed, without appearing to, the glances exchanged by his visitors, and the taunting tone, which was but half concealed, and he quickly replied,-- My soldiers will find plenty to eat in your barns and storehouses. The exultant smiles of his visitors were quickly changed to looks of astonishment and alarm. You would not rob us! You would not take from non-combatants! they cried. A commander's first duty is to pro
to Southern territory not as yet subdued, those lines in his rear would almost hold themselves, and most of his force would be free for field operations. But in moving forward he moved further from his bases of supplies. One of these was at Holly Springs, in the north of the state of Mississippi; the enemy appeared there, captured the garrison, and destroyed all the stores of food, forage, and munitions of war. This loss taught Grant a lesson by which he, and Sherman after him, profited greatwide and productive country, such as that in which he was operating, to cling to a distant base of supply was not necessary; the country he was in would afford the supplies needed. He was amazed, he says, when he was compelled by the loss of Holly Springs to collect supplies in the country immediately around him, at the abundant quantity which the country afforded. He found that after leaving two months supplies for the use of the families whose stores were taken, he could, off the region whe
icksburg Grant moves against it from Lagrange advances to Oxford, Miss. Van Dorn captures Holly Springs Murphy's cowardice Grant compelled to fall back Hovey and Washburn on the Coldwater Gen.Nov. 28. a movement of his army down the great Southern Railroad from Grand Junction through Holly Springs to Oxford; our eavalry advance, 2,000 strong, being pushed forward to Coffeeville, where it blow at his communications. The railroad having by this time been repaired and operated to Holly Springs, that village had been made our temporary depot of arms, provisions, and munitions, which hah; but, though the defenders of each were fewer than Murphy might have rallied to his aid at Holly Springs, each was firmly held, and the raiders easily driven off. Murphy, it need hardly be added, wd disgraceful conduct. Grant had seasonably dispatched 4,000 men by rail to the relief of Holly Springs — or rather, to guard against the possibility of its capture, so vital was its importance; b
is movement was covered by a fresh feint by Richardson on Colliersville; so that Gen. Grierson, who was watching for Forrest at Lagrange, was misled ; and, when the pursuit was actually commenced, the scent was too cold. Grierson followed to Holly Springs, and then desisted; Forrest getting safely away with more men and better horses than he led into Tennessee. Gen. Sherman, with four divisions of Hurlbut's and McPherson's corps, and a brigade of cavalry under Winslow, low, moved Feb. Gen. Smith made no farther advance; but there was a sharp, indecisive cavalry skirmish next day at Old Town creek; after which our army was withdrawn to the vicinity of Memphis ; whence Smith once more advanced, Aug. 4. with 10,000 men, by Holly Springs to the Tallahatchie; Aug. 17. but found. no enemy to fight, save a very small body of cavalry. Forrest's main body had been drawn off for service elsewhere. Smith remained in this region several days, and then returned to Memphis; whenc
. C., 533-4. Hollins, Com. (Rebel), 55: in command of fleet at New Orleans, 84; superseded by Com. Whittle, 87. Holly Springs, captured by Van Dorn, 286. Holmes, Lt.-Gen., his failure at Helena, 321. Holt, Brig.-Gen. (Rebel), killed at B., 447. Hartsville, Tenn., 271. Hatchie River, Miss., 230. Haymarket, Va., 182. Henderson's Hill, La., 537. Holly Springs, Miss., 286. Honey Hill, S. C., 696. Honey Springs, I. T., 449. Independence, Mo., 36; 560. Jackson, Miss., 317. J Ark., 448. Murfreesboroa, Tenn., capture of, 212. Murphy, Col. R. C., 8th Wis., abandons Iuka, 222; surrenders Holly Springs, 287; is cashiered, 287. N. Naglee, Gen. H. M., at Seven Pines, 142-4; wounded, 148. Nashville, Tenn., occent. 27; baffled by Sigel, 27; at Pea Ridge, 23-42; attacks Corinth and is defeated, 225-9; his losses, 231; captures Holly Springs, 287. Vicksburg, Miss., bombarded, 57; first siege of raised, 57-8; again bombarded, 101; attempt to cut canal acr
ssionary Ridge, Tenn. 13 Columbia, S. C. 1 Resaca, Ga. 7 Bentonville, N. C. 1 Dallas, Ga. 10 Goldsboro, N. C. 2 New Hope Church, Ga. 1 Place unknown 1 Present, also, at Athens, Mo.; Siege of Corinth, Miss.; Chulahoma, Miss.; Holly Springs, Miss.; Ezra Chapel, Ga.; Jonesboro, Ga.; East Point, Ga.; Coosaw River, S. C.; Savannah, Ga. notes.--Organized at Burlington, Iowa, July 17, 1861, moving to Keokuk on August 2d, and to St. Louis on the 19th. In October it participated in Fre, Miss. 3 22   25 Iuka, Miss. Official Records; the United States Volunteer Register gives different figures. 7 66 3 76 Corinth, Miss. Official Records; the United States Volunteer Register gives different figures. 7 62 5 74 Holly Springs, Miss. 2 2 1 5 Jackson, Miss. 1 6 2 9 Vicksburg, Miss. (assault May 22) 7 85   92 Siege of Vicksburg, Miss. 5 39   44 Mechanicsburg, Miss.   1   1 Richmond, La.   3   3 Tupelo, Miss. 1 6   7 Abbeville, Miss.   2   2 N
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 6 (search)
burg and Port Hudson, and an active army of twenty-three thousand men Lieutenant-General Pemberton's reports to me. on the Tallahatchie, observing the Federal army of forty-five thousand men under Major-General Grant, between that river and Holly Springs. Lieutenant-General Pemberton's reports to me. In Arkansas, Lieutenant-General Holmes, who commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department, had a large army, supposed to amount to fifty-five thousand men, the main body, near Little Rock, opposed f. On the 27th Major-General Loring, who was commanding at Grenada, reported that General Grant's army, which had been advancing, was retiring, and in a few hours the immediate cause became known --the destruction of the Federal depot at Holly Springs, by Major-General Van Dorn. That officer, with three thousand cavalry, surprised the garrison at daybreak, took two thousand prisoners, and destroyed the large stores of provision and ammunition, and six thousand muskets. The approach of
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
rded as its communications, would have been altogetheruseless. Major. General Van Dorn's success, referred to, was obtained by the surprise of the garrison of Holly Springs and the destruction of General Grant's military supplies in depot in the town. At the time in question, General Grant had no garrison to be surprised nor depoh) corps was at Memphis at this time, on its way to join the United States army at Chattanooga. On the 10th of October, Brigadier-General Chalmers, then at Holly Springs, reported that on the 6th he had driven a detachment of about eight hundred Federal troops from Coldwater, after a slight skirmish, and that on the 8th he had ill at Oxford, he sent me intelligence (on the authority of his scouts) that some four thousand United States troops, with a hundred wagons, had passed through Holly Springs the day before, going southward. To meet this incursion, Major-General Loring was ordered to hasten to Grenada with his division. Next day, however, another
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
did not follow. Can he not hold a part of the rich country northwest of the mountains and disturb the enemy's foraging with his cavalry? If he wants Roddy, he must take him. J. E. Johnston, General. Jackson, January 6, 1863. To The President, Richmond: Your dispatch of yesterday received. Enemy's troops and transports reported gone up the river from Milliken's Bend. We hear of no movement in this direction by General Holmes. Grant's forces are reported distributed at Memphis, Holly Springs, and Corinth. The country said to be impracticable. General Bragg reports he has been checked. I hear indirectly that he has withdrawn from Murfreesboro. Should he need help, and there appear no danger in Mississippi except by the river, could E. K. Smith's men return a The impossibility of my knowing the condition of things in Tennessee shows that I cannot direct both parts of my command at once. I am hoping to hear from General Bragg. J. E. Johnston, General. Jackson, January
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