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t between twenty thousand and thirty thousand. A person who was employed in the confederate commissary department, says they had one hundred and twenty thousand men in Corinth, and that now they cannot muster much over eighty thousand. Some of the fresh graves on the road have been opened and found filled with arms. Many of the prisoners beg not to be exchanged, saying they purposely allowed themselves to be taken. Beaureguard himself retreated from Baldwin on Saturday afternoon to Okolona, Miss. Brigadier-General D. B. Birney, having been tried by court-martial, and honorably acquitted of the charges brought against him, this day reassumed command of his brigade by order of General Kearny, commmanding division. The House of Representatives of the United States called for information respecting the organization by General Hunter, of the Department of South-Carolina, of a regiment of black volunteers for the defence of the Union.--(Doc. 132.) An interesting corresp
Unpolite Raiders. . . . We are informed that at Okolona, in Mississippi, the Yankees, led by Grierson, set fire to and destroyed a female institute in a spirit of wanton and devilish destruction. At Starksville, says a Southern paper, they took from the stores such articles as they desired. They visited most of the houses, appropriating watches, jewelry, and money. They stated there and at other places that this was but an advance-guard, but that in two or three weeks an army was coming that would make a clean sweep, and burn every house in Columbus. They captured a team and wagon-load of hats going from the factory to Columbus. The hats they distributed among the negroes who were with them, and took the team along with them. They compelled a great many negroes to go with them. . . . They took all the good horses and mules, money, jewelry, and silver ware they could find. At one house in Lowndes County a portion stopped and called for milk. This was handed them in fine cu
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 5.69 (search)
paper of the complete success of Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson, who was making a raid through central Mississippi [from La Grange, Tennessee, to Baton Rouge, Louisiana]. He had started from La Grange, April 17th, with three regiments of about 1700 men. On the 21st he had detached Colonel Hatch with one regiment to destroy the railroad between Columbus and Macon and then return to La Grange. Hatch had a sharp fight with the enemy at Columbus and retreated along the railroad, destroying it at Okolona and Tupelo, and arriving in La Grange April 26th. Grierson continued his movement with about 1000 men, breaking the Vicksburg and Meridian railroad and the New Orleans and Jackson railroad, arriving at Baton Rouge May 2d. This raid was of great importance, for Grierson had attracted the attention of the enemy from the main movement against Vicksburg.--From Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant. During the night of the 2d of May the bridge over the North Fork was repaired, and the troops com
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The Sooy Smith expedition (February, 1864). (search)
ublic property and supplies and the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, from Okolona south. [See map, p. 348.] Sherman's orders to Smith were, Attack solely to the greater object — to destroy his communications from Okolona to Meridian and then east toward Selma. Reference was made to prech. The heavy rains had made the country nearly impassable, and Okolona was not reached until the 18th. Here we entered the beautiful praal opposition, until we reached West Point, thirty miles south of Okolona, on the afternoon of the 20th. Here we were confronted by Forrestout an engagement worthy of the name, we were ordered to return to Okolona. As we fully believed at that time, and as the publication of Genhis manner to the camp of the division about three miles south of Okolona. At 5 A. M. on the 22d the First Brigade was ordered to form liine of march on the road for Memphis. As we passed to the left of Okolona, one regiment, the 7th Indiana, was ordered to fall out and suppor
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 8: Civil affairs in 1863.--military operations between the Mountains and the Mississippi River. (search)
be at Meridian on the 10th of February, but for some reason he did not leave Colliersville until the 11th, when he pushed across the country as rapidly as possible, crossed the Tallahatchie River at New Albany without opposition, and moved on to Okolona, on the Mobile and Ohio railway. Then they pressed southward, along the line of that road, toward Meridian. Colonel Grierson was sent to threaten Columbus, while Smith, with the main body, moved on toward West Point, tearing up the railway trace and the living incumbrances with which he was burdened, to cope with his adversaries, he ordered a retreat. The Confederates (who were really only about three thousand in number, under Forrest) followed him closely, and struck him heavily at Okolona, where, after a gallant struggle, he lost five guns. He pushed steadily on toward Memphis as rapidly as possible, skirmishing frequently, but found no formidable assailants after crossing the Tallahatchie. He reached Memphis late in the evenin
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 15: Sherman's March to the sea.--Thomas's campaign in Middle Tennessee.--events in East Tennessee. (search)
al Grierson. His force consisted of thirty-five hundred well-mounted men, and their destination was the Mobile and Ohio railway. Taking a nearly straight course through Northern Mississippi, they struck that road at Tupelo, and destroyed it to Okolona. On the way, Colonel Karge surprised Dec. 25. and dispersed, at Verona, a guard over ordnance and supplies destined for Hood's army. These were a-loading in two hundred wagons, which Forrest took from Sturgis in June. See page 247. Thirty-two cars, eight warehouses filled with supplies, and the wagons, were destroyed. When he arrived at Okolona, Grierson discovered that the Confederates were in considerable force and well intrenched at Egypt Station, a few miles below; and intercepted dispatches from General Dick Taylor, at Mobile, informed him that re-enforcements were to be given to the garrison immediately. lie resolved to attack before they should arrive. He did so at day-break the next morning, Dec. 27. and while the
uted at Parker's Cross-Roads, 2.552; raid of in Tennessee as far as Jackson, 3.237; escape of into Mississippi, 3.238; repulses Gen. W. S. Smith at West Point and Okolona, 3.239; raid of through Tennessee into Kentucky, 3.248; his capture of and massacre at Fort Pillow, 3.244-3.246; defeated at Tupelo by Gen. A. J. Smith, 3.248; hi passage of by Sherman, 3.409. Ohio, attitude of in relation to secession, 1.211; preparations in for war, 1.454; the guerrilla Morgan's raid in, 3.94-3.96. Okolona, Gen. W. S. Smith driven back from by Forrest, 3.239. Olustee, battle of, 3.468. Opelousas, Gen. Banks at, 2.600. Orangeburg, Sherman at, 3.458. Orchaver expedition, 3.253. Smith, Gen. William F., reconnaissance under toward Lewinsville, 2.135. Smith, Gen. W. S., driven back by Forrest from West Point and Okolona, 3.289. Somerset, Pegram driven from by Gillmore, 3.127. South Carolina, secession movements in, 1.46; action of the legislature of on the election of Linco
Corinth, Mississippi, November 1st, 1864. General G. T. Beauregard. I fear you have greatly over-estimated the capacity and condition of this railroad to transport the supplies for General Hood's Army. Most of the bridges between here and Okolona were destroyed and recently only patched up to pass a few trains of supplies for General Forrest, and are liable to be swept away by freshets which we may soon expect. The cross-ties are so much decayed that three trains ran off yesterday, and ed may require greater time than was at first supposed necessary. All orders for completing the defences of Corinth, repairing and prosecuting vigorously the work on the M. and C. R. R. to this place, and for repairing the M. and O. R. R. from Okolona to Bethel, have been given, and are being carried out as rapidly as the limited means of the engineer and quarter master's departments will permit. It is at present reported that the railroads referred to will be completed in from fifteen to tw
w more than satisfied with you as their Confederate General, and when they again enter that service in defence of their homes will be glad to hail you as their Confederate Chief. (Signed) G. W. Smith, Major General. Letter to Honorable Mr. Seddon. headquarters, Army of Tennessee, Near Nashville, Dec. 11th, 1864. Hon. Jas. A. Seddon, Secretary of War, Richmond, Va. Sir:--On the 21st of November, after a delay of three weeks, caused by the bad condition of the railroad from Okolona to Cherokee, and of the dirt road from the latter point to Florence, and also by the absence of Major General Forrest's command, this Army moved forward from Florence--Major General Cheatham's Corps taking the road leading towards Waynesboroa, and the other two corps moving on roads somewhat parallel to this, but more to the eastward, with the cavalry under General Forrest in their advance, and upon their right flank. The enemy's forces at this time were concentrated at Pulaski, with som
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott), April 29-June 10, 1862.-advance upon and siege of Corinth, and pursuit of the Confederate forces to Guntown, Miss. (search)
, Secretar of War. Halleck's headquarters, Corinth, May 31, 1862. Main body of the enemy has moved south toward Okolona. General Pope, with 50,000, men is following him. I do not, however, propose to pursue him far into Mississippi. Havinat they purposely allowed themselves to be captured. Beauregard himself retreated from Baldwin on Saturday afternoon'to Okolona. General Buell, with four divisions, has been directed to move east, to form a junction with Mitchel. The destruction town, about 40 miles by railroad and 50 by wagon road south of this place. The main body of the rebels has retreated to Okolona. The country south is very swampy; the bridges have been destroyed and the roads blocked up with fallen timber. I do nny. I understood from General Beauregard that a steam-mill was intended to be put in operation to grind meal at or near Okolona. As yet nothing seems to have been done. The establishment of this and other mills requires prompt attention. The chi
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