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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 1 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Averill, William woods, 1832- (search)
Averill, William woods, 1832- Military officer; born in Cameron, N. Y., Nov. 5, 1832; was graduated at West Point in 1855. Entering the Mounted Rifles. he distinguished himself in New Mexico by the surprise and capture of a body of Indians. In that warfare he was severely wounded. Soon after the breaking out of the Civil War he was chosen colonel of a regiment of Pennsylvania cavalry, and became brigadier-general of volunteers in September. 1862. He had taken an active part in the battles on the Peninsula and in Pope's campaign in July and August, 1862. He reinforced Pleasonton in the advance after the battle of Antietam, and was afterwards very active in Virginia, especially in the mountain regions, in 1863. There had been comparative quiet in that region after the close of 1861 until the summer and fall of 1863, when General Averill, with a cavalry force, made extensive raids in that mountainous country. Before the close of that year he had nearly purged western Virg