rmis etiam et castris dissidebamus." But before I fairly commence my narrative, I will take a review of a few preceding particulars, in order that the whole subject may be more clearly and distinctly understood.
In the second Punic war, in which Hannibal, the leader of the Carthaginians, had weakened the power of Italy more than any other enemyMore than any other enemy] Maximè. since the Roman name became great,Since the Roman name became great] Post magnitudinem nominis Romani. "I know not why interpreters should find any difficulty in this passage. I understand it to signify simply since the Romans became so great as they were in the time of Hannibal; for, before that period they had suffered even heavier calamities, especially from the Gauls."Cortius. Masinissa, King of the Numidians, being received into alliance by Publius Scipio, who, from his merits was afterward surnamed Africanus, had performed for us many eminent exploits in the field. In return for which services, after the C
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, Tiberius (ed. Alexander Thomson), chapter 1 (search)
The Cognomen was put last, and marked the familia; as Cicero, Casar, etc.
Some gentes appear to have had no surname, as the Marian; and gens and familia seem sometimes to be put one for the other; as the Fabia gens, or FabiafamiKa.
Sometimes there was a fourth name, properly called the Agnommn, but sometimes likewise Cognomen, which was added on account of some illustrious action or remarkable event.
Thus Scipio was named Publius Cornelius Scipio Aficanus, from the conquest of Carthage.
In the same manner, his brother was called Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus.
Thus also Quintus Fabius Maximus received the Agnomen of Cunctator, from his checking the victorious career of Hannibal by avoiding a battle.
but rejected by common consent the praenomen of Lucius, when, of the two races who bore it, one individual had been convicted of robbery, and another of murder.
Amongst other cognomina, they assumed that of Nero, which in the Sabine language signifies strong and valiant.