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ull retreat from their position before Cincinnati, Ohio, were pursued by a portion of the Union forces under Gen. Wallace, as far as Florence, Ky.--In view of the invasion of Pennsylvania by the rebel army under General Lee, the City Council of Philadelphia appropriated five hundred thousand dollars for the defence of the city and State, and gave the Mayor of the city full power to act as he might see fit. The public archives, bonds, and treasure of the State of Pennsylvania and cities of Harrisburgh and Philadelphia were sent to New York for safe keeping. Many of the capitalists of the State also sent their bonds and treasure. A fight took place on the southern bank of Elk River, near Charleston, Va., between a Union force under Col. Lightburn and a large body of rebels, which lasted all day, both parties bivouacking on the field. The Union forces shelled and burned Charleston. Capt. Harry Gilmer, of Stuart's rebel cavalry, with seven other rebel sympathizers, while being
on the twenty-second of May, and just before he left for home was promoted from Captain to rank of Brigadier-General. The rebels under General Lee, in the invasion of Pennsylvania, reached Scotland, a few miles east of Chambersburgh. At Harrisburgh the excitement was intense. A correspondent at that place, describing the scene, says: It is difficult to convey an exact idea of the state of affairs here to-night, not only on account of the confusion existing, but in consequence of t city. Measures were taken yesterday to rouse the people to the danger at hand, and during to-day about one thousand persons were earnestly at work on the other side of the Susquehanna, throwing up a bastioned redoubt, for the protection of Harrisburgh. The work was kept up all day, and far into the evening, and late to-night we saw files of laborers returning from their unwonted toil. There were but few regular soldiers in town to-day, the principal display being made by three companies
nd Fifth Ohio cavalry under Major Henry, of the Fifth Ohio, four hundred strong, while on a reconnoissance, was surrounded near Fernando, Miss., by General Chambers, with two thousand rebels. They were routed and most of them captured or killed. Major Henry was taken prisoner. Fletcher Freeman, the National enrolling officer of Sullivan County, Indiana, was shot and instantly killed, while riding along a country road.--Chambersburgh, Pa., was evacuated by the rebels under Jenkins, who took up his line of march to Hagerstown.--A company of negroes arrived at Harrisburgh, Pa., from Philadelphia, but their services were declined by General Couch, on the ground that no authority had been granted by the War Department for the muster of colored troops into the service of the United States for a less period than three years.--three hundred rebel cavalry under the command of Colonel Phillips, made a descent on Plaquemine, La,, and destroyed four steamers and a large quantity of cotton.
eir base of operations for raids into Pennsylvania.--Boonesboro, Md., was evacuated by the rebels, who carried off a number of horses and some other property.--the Seventy-fourth and Sixty-fifth regiments of New York militia, left Buffalo, for Harrisburgh, Pa.--Two members of the staff of General Hooker, Major Sterling and Captain Fisher, were captured by guerrillas near Fairfax, Va.--Horatio Seymour, Governor of New York, issued an order organizing the National Guard of the State.--the Fifty-sixth and Fifth regiments of New York militia, left home for Harrisburgh, Pa.--the ship Conrad, was captured by the privateer Alabama. A detachment of Jenkins's rebel force on their retreat from Chambersburgh, entered McConnellsburgh, Pa., surprising the citizens and capturing a large number of horses and cattle, besides helping themselves to such provisions and wearing apparel as they could find in the stores. After thoroughly rifling the town, they left, taking the road to Hancock, Maryl
land Heights were evacuated by the National troops, after the removal of the Government property and the demolition of the fortifications.--at Cincinnati, Ohio, a meeting to devise means for the defence of the city was held, Major-General Burnside presiding.--General O. B. Wilcox issued a general order against secret political societies and other organizations in Indiana and Michigan.--(Doc 88.) The Twenty-second and Thirty-seventh regiments of New York militia, left camp, opposite Harrisburgh, Pa., taking only their arms and canteens, and started out to reconnoitre for a few hours. After scouring the country for ten miles they met the rebels, drawn up in line of battle at Sporting Hill, awaiting their approach. Colonel Roome, of the Thirty-seventh, being senior officer, took the right, and Colonel Aspinwall the left. They then advanced on the rebels, and were forcing them back, when the latter opened on the militia with two pieces of artillery; but a section of an independent
army of the Potomac. The facts expected to be proved by this witness are: First, That he communicated information of the enemy's movements toward the valley of Virginia as early as the twenty-eighth May last to the General-in-chief, and suggested the propriety of sending General Stahl's cavalry to that valley. Secondly, The value and importance of the check given to the enemy by the holding of Winchester during the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth of June, and its effect in saving Harrisburgh, and probably other important cities of the Union. It is believed that the testimony will clearly show that the aforesaid holding of Winchester was of far greater value than the amount of any losses incurred in the defence and evacuation of that post. R. H. Milroy, Major-General U. S. V. August 22, 1863. Indorsed: The Court does not feel authorized by the order under which it is acting to enter into the investigation suggested by the within communication. Robert N. Scott, Captain
ties, gossip of the arrival of militia from Harrisburgh. The fight still raged furiously on the rince thus: Ewell's corps on the Susquehanna, Harrisburgh, and Columbia; Longstreet's corps at Chambe Preparations were now made to advance upon Harrisburgh; but on the night of the twenty-ninth inforing on the Susquehanna, in the direction of Harrisburgh. At one time, early in the morning, Hays'se western mountains; the cries of help from Harrisburgh, Pittsburgh, Carlisle, and minor Pennsylvan who made his famous levy on its citizens. Harrisburgh, long threatened, was not yet attacked. large body of troops in the neighborhood of Harrisburgh, I despatched, on the seventeenth, Dr. Wm. he Northern Central Railroad (Baltimore and Harrisburgh) determined me to send out a relief agent irrival of Dr. Bellows and Dr. Ag. new from Harrisburgh, the position of our fieldstation at the scitals of New-York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Harrisburgh, and York. When the general field hospit
treat without being able to take them along. The hero of two brilliant cavalry charges upon undefended towns was agitated beyond endurance at the prospect of a battle; and instead of charging upon a little squad of men, who were merely observing the course of his robberies, he stood trembling in battle array to receive the shock. No foe was nearer than the State capital, over fifty miles distant, and there the same scene was being presented. Jenkins in Chambersburgh, and the militia at Harrisburgh, were each momentarily expecting to be cut to pieces by the other. But these armies, alike terrible in their heroism, were spared the deadly clash of arms, inasmuch as even the most improved ordnance is not deemed fatal at a range of fifty miles. Both armies, as the usual reports go, having accomplished their purpose retired in good order. As a rule, we believe that private houses were not sacked by Jenkins's forces; but there were some exceptions. The residences of Messrs. Dengler a
te their authority — otherwise nothing worth mentioning can be done by these men. I have been informed from good authority that no such idea was entertained by General Lee. But I must hasten to close this lengthy corn. munication. The roads here are not so good as in Maryland. Yesterday we travelled a mud pike resembling a bad Virginia road. From this point the roads promise to be better. We are about seventeen miles in Pennsylvania. General Ewell left this place, I understand, for Harrisburgh, Friday morning. I presume his force is sufficient to take the capital. If not, we will help him. I know nothing of the future movements of this army, but I think the bulk of it will remain in this vicinity until some large Yankee force is brought out to meet us. One division, I imagine, will suffice to disperse any militia that may be collected.< Chambersburgh is a beautiful town of about eight or ten thousand inhabitants. The house; here, and in most of the towns, are built with mu
part of May and in June, withdrew his army from General Hooker's front, and ascending the south bank of the Rapidan, toward the sources of the Rappahannock, entered the Shenandoah Valley, and once more tempted the fortunes of war by invading the loyal States. A severe cavalry engagement at Beverly Ford unmasked this movement. The army of the Potomac broke up its camps and marched to the encounter. The militia of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New-York flew to arms, and occupied Baltimore, Harrisburgh, and the line of the Susquehanna. The two armies met at Gettysburgh, in Pennsylvania, and after a fierce contest of three days duration, and terrible slaughter on both sides, the insurgents recoiled from the position held by General Meade, who had been then only four days in command of the army of the Potomac. On the fourth of July, the day of the surrender of Vicksburgh, Lee retreated, passing through Chambersburgh and Hagerstown to Williamsport, where the proper disposition to attack
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