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at more troops had been retained in service; and as if to provoke France to distrust, he called the peace hollow and insecure, a mere armed truce for ten years. Walpole's Memoirs of the Reign of George the Third, i. 247. Rigby to the Duke of Bedford, 10 March, 1763. In Correspodence of Duke of Bedford, III. 218. The support of Pitt prevented any opposition to the plan. Two days after, on the ninth day of March, 1763, Charles Townshend came forward with a part of the scheme for taxing AmBedford, III. 218. The support of Pitt prevented any opposition to the plan. Two days after, on the ninth day of March, 1763, Charles Townshend came forward with a part of the scheme for taxing America by act of parliament. The existing duty on the trade of the continental colonies with the French and Spanish islands was, from its excessive amount, wholly prohibitory, and had been regularly evaded by a treaty of connivance between the merchants on the one side, and the custom-house officers and their English patrons on the other; for the custom-house officers were quartered upon by those through whom they gained their places. The minister proposed to reduce the duty and enforce its c
, and in the Government. But Townshend, though, for the present, he declined office, took care to retain the favor of the king by zeal against popular commotions. Gilly Williams to George Selwin, in Jesse's George Selwin, i. 189. The Duke of Bedford, too, refused to join the ministry after the advancement of Egremont and Grenville, who, at the time of his negotiating the peace, had shown him so much ill-will. He advised the employment of the old whig aristocracy. I know, said he, the administration cannot last; should I take in it the place of President of the Council, I should deserve to be CHAP. VI.} 1763. April. treated like a madman. Bedford to Bute, Paris, 7 April, 1763, in Wiffen, II. 525, and in Bedford Correspondence, III. 228. So unattractive was Grenville! The triumvirate, of whom not one was beloved by the people, became a general joke, Walpole to Mann, 30 April, 1763. and was laughed at as a three-headed monster, Wilkes to Lord Temple, in Grenville Pa
e frontier; and their tomahawks struck alike the laborer in the field or the child in the cradle. They menaced Fort Ligonier, at the western foot of the Alleghanies, the outpost of Fort Pitt. They passed the mountains, and spread death even to Bedford. The unhappy emigrant knew not if to brave danger, or to leave his home and his planted fields, for wretchedness and poverty. Nearly five hundred families, from the frontiers of Maryland and Virginia, fled to Winchester, unable to find so muchy. drawn by oxen. Between Carlisle and Bedford they passed the ruins of mills, deserted cabins, fields waving with the harvest, but without a reaper, and all the signs of a savage and ruthless enemy. On the twenty-eighth of July the party left Bedford, to wind its way, under the parching suns of midsummer, over the Alleghanies, along the narrow road, which was walled in by the dense forest on either side. On the second day of August the troops and con- Aug. voy arrived at Ligonier, but th
ide, and the Duke chap. VIII.} 1763. Aug. of Bedford Geo. Grenville's Diary, in Grenrille Papers, II. 204. on the other. The anger of Bedford towards Bute, for having Aug. communicated to thee great Whig families Rigby to the Duke of Bedford, 15 August, 1763, in Wiffen, II. 527, and Bedtion and rage. His anger towards the Duke of Bedford Sir Denis Le Marchant's note to Walpole's and criminal; and to declare that the Duke of Bedford should have no efficient office whatever. Herge III. i. 291; to Sandwich, in Sandwich to Bedford, and in Bedford to Neville, in Bedford Cor. IBedford to Neville, in Bedford Cor. III. 238, 241. For Pitt's account to Wood, see Wood's Letter, in the Chatham Correspondence; to Har irritated at being proscribed Sandwich to Bedford, 5 Sept. 1763, in Bedford Cor. III. 238. Walenville Papers, II. 108, 203. Compare, also, Bedford to Neville, 5 Sept. 1763. Bedford Cor. III. 240, 241; and Sandwich to Bedford 5 Sept. 1763. Bedford Cor. III. 238. The king entreated him to t[3 more...]
elphia. Huske, too, repenting of his eager zeal in promising a revenue from America, joined in entreating delay, that opportunity might be given for America to be heard. Grenville's colleagues did not share his scruples; but his mind was accustomed to balance opinions; and he desired to please all parties. He persisted, therefore, in the purpose of proposing a stamp-tax, but also resolved to show what he called tenderness to the colonies, and at the risk of being scoffed at by the whole Bedford party for his feebleness and hesitancy, he consented to postpone the tax for a year. He also attempted to reconcile America to his new regulations. In doing this he still continued within the narrow limits of protection. The British consumption of foreign hemp amounted in value to three hundred thousand pounds a year. Grenville was willing to shake off the precarious dependence upon other countries. The bounties on hemp and flax, first given in the time of Queen Anne, 3 & 4 Ann. c.
ell pleased to see in office. His mind, like Bedford's, was haunted with the spectre of Bute's infhim respect; but they vowed vengeance against Bedford, whom they insulted, and stoned in his charioob of weavers paraded the streets of London. Bedford himself repaired with complaints to the king,f the triumvirate; in the language of Woburn, Bedford was my minister; and, in point of fact, the ministers were four. Now, however, Bedford took the undisputed lead, insisting that they all shouldthe weavers, threatening death to the duke of Bedford, assembled in the evening round his house, wh with the Great Commoner at Hayes, Grenville, Bedford, Halifax, and Sandwich, confident that no y destines to be my successor. The duke of Bedford went in next. He spoke of his personal relat king interposed to say, It is not yet time. Bedford intimated that the mob had been instigated tfor ever; and under strong excitement, making Bedford's persecution their own, they voted unanimous[3 more...]
placed. Grenville, in apparently confident security, continued his schemes of colonial revenue, and by the fourteenth of June, represented to the king, that the Canadians were subject to taxation by virtue of his prerogative. But the duke of Bedford had already filled the palace with more rankling cares. The plain-spoken man, exasperated by the sense of his own unpopularity and by the coldness of the court, was growing weary of public life and wished to retire. On the twelfth of June, bei the work of forming an administration. On receiving the news by an express from Pitt, Temple broke confidence so far as privately to communicate its substance to Grenville, who, before returning to London, hastened to Woburn, and received from Bedford full powers to dispose of him entirely as he should think fit. Meantime, Temple, with a predetermined mind, repaired on Monday to Pitt at Hayes. The two statesmen were at variance on no important measure except the policy of the stamp act, whic
t resolutely on enforcing it; and, while America was united, his heart was divided between a morbid anxiety to execute the law, and his wish never again to employ Bedford and Grenville. The opinion of England was as fluctuating as the mind of the king. The overbearing aristocracy desired some reduction of the land tax at the ech magnitude and extent? The colonies may be ruined first, but the distress will end with ourselves But Halifax, Sandwich, Gower, even Temple, Lyttelton, and Bedford, firmly supported the amendment of Suffolk. Protection, without dependence and obedience, they joined in saying, is a solecism in politics. The connectie expressed the prevailing opinion in the House of Lords, as well as the sentiments of the king. But the king's friends, unwilling to open a breach through which Bedford and Grenville could take the cabinet by storm, divided against the amendment with the ministry. In the House of Commons the new ministers were absent; for acce
dminis-Tration continued. February, 1766. on Tuesday, the fourth of February, the party of chap. XXIII.} 1766. Feb. Bedford and the old ministry of Grenville coalesced with the friends of prerogative to exercise over the colonies the power, whiy would not trust, Lloyd's Conduct, &c., 134. and whose written word convicted them of falsehood. On the same day, Bedford and Grenville went to an interview with Bute, whom they had so hated and chap. XXIII.} 1766. Feb. wronged. It was a po so. De Guerchy au Duc de Praslin, 3 Mars. The Duke of York interposed his offices, and bore to the king the Duke of Bedford's readiness to receive the royal commands, should his majesty be inclined to pursue the modification, instead of the totn one and two o'clock on the morning of the twenty-second of February, the division took place. Only a few days before, Bedford had confidently predicted the defeat of the ministry. The king, the queen, the princess dowager, the Duke of York, Lord