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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: April 26, 1864., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 7. (ed. Frank Moore) 1 1 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 23. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.22 (search)
d out on the road to Gettysburg, and that evening was encamped near the town of Fayetteville, about eight miles east of Chambersburg. General Hill reports that he was directed to co-operate with Ewell, and, accordingly, on the 29th, moved General Heth's Division to Cashtown, some eight miles from Gettysburg, following on the morning of the 30th with the division of General Pender. General Longstreet reports that he received orders at Chambersburg on the 29th to follow Hill and encamp at Greenwood. Meanwhile the advancing Federals, moving northward more rapidly under their new commander, General Meade, than anticipated by the Confederate chieftain, had occupied the town of Gettysburg, and thus interposed—though unaware of the fact—to prevent the concentration of his armies at that point without a battle. And to accomplish his original design, and finding the enemy before him, General Lee elected to fight; his remaining divisions were hurried forward as rapidly as possible; the
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.60 (search)
of further advance, ordered us to break off the pursuit, and we slowly returned to the Caledonia Iron Works. Having passed the buildings we were again fired upon from ambush. This section of Pennsylvania seems to be full of bushwhackers. At Greenwood we met our rear-guard, in charge of the captured horses, and required the citizens to feed men and animals. During the night we marched by way of Funkstown to Greencastle. Twice we came very close to strong cavalry detachments of the enemy, bwas repulsed with heavy loss. At 12 o'clock at night we met General Imboden's brigade, in charge of the wagon-train. The road was in a sorry condition, on account of the rain, and cut up by the wagons, some of which had to be left behind. At Greenwood and at Greencastle the train was attacked by Federal cavalry, but they were repulsed without being able to do much harm. All our men discussed our serious defeat at Gettysburg, its causes and probable consequences, and all seemed to agree that
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 28. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Harper's Ferry and first Manassas. (search)
863. Monday, April 15th, 1861, maybe considered the commencement of this war for Virginia, for on that day appeared Lincoln's proclamation for 75,000 men to crush the rebellion, which hurried up our old fogy Convention, and compelled their secession on Wednesday, April 17th. I was at that time at the University of Virginia, that session being my third, as I went there from the Episcopal High School of Virginia in '57, spent sessions '57-8 and '58-9 at the University, taught '59-‘60 at Greenwood, Mr. Dinwiddie's boarding-school in this (Albemarle) county, and returned to the University the session of ‘60-‘61. This proclamation created quite a sensation at the University, raising the military enthusiasm to the highest pitch, and especially filling our two companies, the Southern Guard, Captain E. S. Hutter, and the Sons of Liberty, Captain J. Tosh, with an earnest desire to lend a hand in the defence of our State. The taking of Harper's Ferry was the first object that present<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Lee at Gettysburg. (search)
cer, the only criticism ever made was that he preferred a hundred times to lead a charge himself, rather than send another to do it. The first day. On June 30th, General A. P. Hill being at Cashtown, Pettigrew's Brigade, of Heth's Division, was permitted to go forward to levy from the stores of Gettysburg shoes for some of his barefooted men, but he found Buford's cavalry about the town, and retired without the shoes. On that day, the 30th, General Lee was with Longstreet's camp, at Greenwood, just west of the mountain at Cashtown. Ewell with two divisions was a short distance north, coming east from Carlisle, and Early was retiring from York toward Cashtown; Stuart, of whose whereabouts General Lee knew nothing was fighting Kilpatrick at Hanover. Early on June 1st, while General Lee rode with Longstreet to Cashtown, General A. P. Hill sent two divisions, Heth and Pender, down towards Gettysburg, as he says, to discover what was in my front, or as Heth says toget those shoe
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 37. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Review of the Gettysburg campaign. (search)
miles; Pender's in rear of Heath's a short distance further; Anderson's at Fayetteville, seventeen miles; two divisions of Longstreet's corps, Hood and McLaws at Greenwood, fourteen miles; and Pickett's at Chambersburg, twenty-four miles. General Lee, writing from Greenwood on July 1st to Imboden, who with a force of cavalry had maGreenwood on July 1st to Imboden, who with a force of cavalry had marched from West Virginia and was about joining the army, directs him to relieve Pickett, who was to move forward to Greenwood, and giving further directions says, You will at the same time have an opportunity of organizing your troops, refreshing them for a day or two and getting everything prepared for active operations in the fieGreenwood, and giving further directions says, You will at the same time have an opportunity of organizing your troops, refreshing them for a day or two and getting everything prepared for active operations in the field, for which you will be speedily wanted. Send word to General Pickett at this place to-morrow, which is eight miles from Chambersburg, the hour you will arrive there, in order that he may be prepared to move on your arrival. My headquarters for the present will be at Cashtown, east of the mountains. This letter does not indica
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book III:—Pennsylvania. (search)
to forced marches, had to make up for the absence of cavalry by their own activity. They left Greenwood on the 26th of June in two columns, and reaching Gettysburg in the evening dislodged from it, Gettysburg, crosses the mountains west of Cashtown and descends toward Chambersburg by way of Greenwood and Fayetteville. A glance at the map will show much better than this explanation that the twet, leaving Pickett's division at Chambersburg, made a march with the other two, and halted at Greenwood at the entrance of the mountains. The march of the column, therefore, had been very slow, andinstructions; and, besides, he had no choice as to the route to be followed: he had to come to Greenwood to take his place in the rear of the rest of the army along the turnpike. Ewell bitterly regreach him before the next day. The other two divisions, under McLaws and Hood, had started from Greenwood in the morning, after having successively aided in the passage of Johnson's division, all the
The Daily Dispatch: March 19, 1864., [Electronic resource], Pennsylvania campaign--second day at Gettysburg. (search)
In two previous letters I have adverted to the parts which Ewell's corps, and Heth and Pender, of Hill's corps, bore in the first day's fight at Gettysburg. To-day I propose to speak of the second day's fight. Pickett's division of Longstreet's corps crossed the Potomac on the 25th. Hood and McLaws, of the same corps, on the 26th, and these three divisions reached Chambersburg on the 27th of June. Here the whole corps remained for two days. From this point Hood and McLaws moved to Greenwood. Pickett was left at Chambersburg to guard and bring up the rear. On the 1st of July the corps received orders to move to Gettysburg. It was detained, however, several hours by Johnson's division and the train of wagons which came into the road from Shippensburg. McLaws's division, notwithstanding this delay, reached Marsh Creek, four miles from Gettysburg, soon after dark on the evening of the 1st July. Hood's division got within nearly the same distance by the same time, (except Law'
ear. The enemy's loss in this engagement was quite heavy. A number of their killed and wounded fell into our own hands. Major Conyers, a gallant and efficient officer of the Jeff Davis legion, was killed. Brig Gen Hampton was wounded twice during this fight. On the 4th Fitz Lee was sent to Cashtown to protect the trains. On the same day our army began to fall back towards the Potomac. Baker's brigade moved to Cashtown, guarding the flanks and bringing up the rear on the road via Greenwood to Williamsport, which was the route designated by which the main portion of the wagon trains and the ambulances, under the special charge of Brig Gen Imboden, were to move, he having for this purpose a special command, made up of artillery, infantry, and his own cavalry. Robertson and Jones were sent to hold Jack Mountain Passes.--It may not be improper here to mention that in falling back Hill moved in front; the baggage, guarded by Longstreet, came next, and Ewell brought up the rear.
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