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the enemy's left and rear. On the morning of the fourth the reconnoissances developed that the enemy had drawn back his left flank, but maintained his position in front of our left, apparently assuming a new line parallel to the mountain. On the morning of the fifth it was ascertained that the enemy was in full retreat by the Fairfield and Cashtown roads. The Sixth corps was immediately sent in pursuit on the Fairfield road, and the cavalry on the Cashtown road, and by Emmetsburgh and Monterey passes. The fifth and sixth of July were employed in succoring the wounded and burying the dead. Major-General Sedgwick, commanding the Sixth corps, having pushed on in pursuit of the enemy as far as Fairfield Pass in the mountains, and reporting that pass as very strong, and one in which a small force of the enemy could hold in check and delay for a considerable time any pursuing force, I determined to follow the enemy by a flank movement, and accordingly leaving McIntosh brigade of
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott), April 29-June 10, 1862.-advance upon and siege of Corinth, and pursuit of the Confederate forces to Guntown, Miss. (search)
ant-Colonel Adams was captured by the enemy near this place. To-day a flag of truce was sent forward to effect his exchange. The advanced forces of the enemy, under Hardee, are 2 miles outside of the defenses at Corinth. The evidences are strong that the enemy are in force at Corinth. Pope's whole army will move forward in the morning to drive the enemy within his works. A severe battle will probably be fought. H. W. Halleck, Major-General. Hon. E. M. Stanton, Seoretary of War. Moneterey, May 13, 1862. (Received May 14, 2. p.m.) By last advices General Curtis' forces had passed Searcy, and were rapidly approaching Little Rock. If the gunboats can reach Memphis from either direction communication can be opened with Curtis by land through Mattison, or by water up the Arkansas and White Rivers. We are gradually advancing on Corinth, but as the enemy is strongly intrenched, and his number equal if not superior to ours, it is necessary to move with great caution. Most of
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, Chapter 1: early recollections of California. 1846-1848. (search)
ll the books we could find in New York about California, and had read them over and over again: Wilkes's Exploring expedition; Dana's Two years before the Mast; and Forbes's Account of the Missions. It was generally understood we were bound for Monterey, then the capital of Upper California. We knew, of course, that General Kearney was en route for the same country overland; that Fremont was there with his exploring party; that the navy had already taken pos session, and that a regiment of volabout, but little by little arose one of those southeast storms so common on the coast in winter, and we buffeted about for several days, cursing that unfortunate observation on the north star, for, on first sighting the coast, had we turned for Monterey, instead of away to the north, we would have been snugly anchored before the storm. But the southeaster abated, and the usual northwest wind came out again, and we sailed steadily down into the roadstead of Monterey Bay. This is shaped somewha
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General J. E. B. Stuart's report of operations after Gettysburg. (search)
arge body of the enemy's cavalry (the citizens said 15,000, which I knew, of course, was exaggerated) had passed that point the afternoon previous, going towards Monterey, one of the passes designated in my instructions to General Robertson. I halted for a short time to procure some rations, and, examining my map, I saw that thisurn to the right and bear off towards Fairfield, where it would meet with like repulse from Hill's or Longstreet's corps, or, turning to the left before reaching Monterey, would strike across by Oeiler's Gap towards Hagerstown, and thus seriously threaten that portion of our trains, which, under Imboden, would be passing down the party I had just attacked were the cavalry of Kilpatrick, who had claimed to have captured several thousand prisoners and 400 or 500 wagons from our forces near Monterey, but I was further informed that not more than 40 wagons accompanied them, and other facts I heard led me to believe the success was far overrated. About this t
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Gettysburg. (search)
the two armies remained quiet during the remainder of the day — that is, on the right and as far as I could see to my left. General Bryan, who succeeded to the command of Semmes' brigade, has informed me that on the 3d of July himself and General Benning got an order to join in an assault on Round Top, but that both refused to obey. I knew nothing of the order, nor can I conceive who gave it. My division was withdrawn from the battle-ground with the rest of the army, and retired via Monterey and Falling Waters across the Potomac into Virginia, without any hindrance from the enemy It may be remarked, in conclusion, that no one as yet has seemed disposed to give blame to General Lee--I mean no one who was under his command — but no matter what order he gave, or what resulted from it, if even disaster followed, it has been the disposition to believe that the cause was not in the order but in the execution of it by subordinates. This resulted in a great measure from that nobili
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Battle of Gettysburg. (search)
s to move on to Monterey gap, in South mountain, and support Iverson's brigade, which had been attacked in the mountain while guarding a large wagon train. About day-light I came upon the rear of the train, on the top of the mountain, but found the road so completely blocked up as to prevent my further progress. I halted my command and permitted my men to lie down and take a little rest, while I rode to the front to ascertain the exact condition of affairs. I found General Iverson near Monterey, and not far from the Waynesboroa turnpike, and from him learned that all danger to the train had passed. I directed him to move on in the direction of Waynesboroa as rapidly as possible, so as to enable our troops to get through the mountain pass. Shortly after this, Major-General Anderson came up and assumed the further direction of the day. From this time until we recrossed the Potomac my brigade lost not a single man. In the very severe and fatiguing march of the night before recros
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Roster of the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
dle, Robert Harrison. 20, sin.; farmer; Falmouth. 9 Oct 63; died 20 May 64 Regtl. Hos. Morris Id. S. C. Pneumonia. $50. Jackson, Charles 18, sin.; laborer; Monterey. 17 Dec 63; 20 Aug 65. $325. Jackson, Samuel D. 32, sin.; farmer; Pittsfield. 14 Dec 63; 30 Je 65. Charleston S. C; dis. $325. Jay, George 19, sin.; far Sufshay, Samuel Mus. 17, sin.; drummer; Philadelphia. 18 Feb 63; killed 15 Jly 64 in camp Morris Id. S. C. by shell. $50. Swan, Charles 33, mar.; laborer; Monterey. 17 Dec 63; 31 Aug 65 New York. $325. Swan, Henry 45, mar.; laborer; Monterey, 18 Dec 63; 16 Jly 65 Gen. Hos. Beaufort, S. C.; dis. $325. Tanner John 26, mMonterey, 18 Dec 63; 16 Jly 65 Gen. Hos. Beaufort, S. C.; dis. $325. Tanner John 26, mar.; mechanic; Southbridge. 14 Jly 63; killed 15 Jly 64 in camp Morris Id. S. C. by shell. —— Thomas, John 22, sin.; laborer; Philadelphia. 25 Feb 63; 20 Aug 65. $50. Valentine, Samuel Sergt. 21, mar.; shoemaker; Boston. 3 Mch 63; 20 Aug 65. $50. Boston. Vanalstyne, William D. 23, sin.; farmer; Plainfield. 7 Dec 63;
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 35. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.54 (search)
ged his sturdy men, not knowing nor caring what hostile force and appliances lay ready within to receive their onset. To find that force as speedily as possible and overwhelm it was the errand upon which they and their emulous comrades were afield so early. Here a topographical sketch of the theatre of war may serve to make more readily intelligible the occurrences and vicissitudes of the battle. Two streams, Lick and Owl Creeks, taking their rise very near each other, just westward of Monterey, in a ridge which parts the waters that fall into the Mississippi from those which are affluents of the Tennessee, flowing sinuously with a general direction, the latter to the northeast and the former south of east, finally empty into the Tennessee about four miles asunder. Between these water courses is embraced an arena of undulating table land, some five miles in depth from the river bank, from three to five miles broad, and about one hundred feet above the low-water level of the ri
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 37. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Review of the Gettysburg campaign. (search)
n the last day that his ammunition was nearly exhausted, and he came to me when the battle was over to borrow from my supply. On July 4th, General Lee issued orders for the withdrawal of his army from the positions occupied by it, and on the evening of that day, my command was moved to the Stone Bridge, and from there to the village of Fairfield, where the corps was united. On the following day I was directed to report to Gen. R. H. Anderson with two batteries. His division moving by Monterey crossed the mountain before dark. A section was left behind to guard the Emmittsburg road, and a battery with a regiment of Posey's brigade was thrown forward to the right upon a high hill overlooking the town of Waynesboro, to guard against any hostile force on that flank. The army moved rapidly, and on the 6th the main column reached Hagerstown, and a battery was sent on pickett with Anderson's division, and another ,with Lane's. While in the neighborhood of St. James' College the
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—Third winter. (search)
ountain South Mountain forks, one branch, parallel to the principal chain, following it on the east under the name of Catoctin Mountain. In the valley of Catoctin Creek, which separates them, are found the villages of Myersville, Middletown, Jefferson, Burkittsville, and finally Knoxville and Berlin on the Potomac. Frederick is at the foot of the eastern slope of the secondary chain. The only passage situated to the north of this fork branches off into the high road between Fairfield and Monterey, and descends on Ringgold by the passage of Riker's Gap. The first passage to the south goes from Mechanicstown to Hagerstown, crossing the principal chain at Harmon's Gap, above the village of Cavetown; the second connects Lewistown with Berlin, where it crosses the Catoctin, and at the debouch of Braddock's Gap in South Mountain forks—on the right to Funkstown and to Hagerstown, on the left to Boonsboroa, a large village at the foot of the mountain. Quite close to Turner's Gap, Fox's Ga
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