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Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 36 6 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 12 0 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 8 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 7 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 6 0 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 6 0 Browse Search
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant 6 0 Browse Search
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler 4 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: August 6, 1862., [Electronic resource] 4 0 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 7: Prisons and Hospitals. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 4 0 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Statement of General J. D. Imboden. (search)
. E. Lee kindly urged my application in person, and procured an order directing me to report to Brigadier-General J. H. Winder, then Commissary of Prisoners, whose headquarters were at Columbia, South Carolina. I left my camp in the Shenandoah Valley late in December, 1864, and reached Columbia, I think, on the 6th of January, 1865. General Winder immediately ordered me to the command of all the prisons west of the Savannah river, with leave to establish my temporary headquarters at Aiken, South Carolina, on account of the salubrity of its climate. I cannot fix dates after this with absolute precision, because all my official papers fell into the hands of the United States military authorities after the surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston to General Sherman; but for all essential purposes my memory enables me to detail events in consecutive order, and approximately to assign each to its proper date. A few days after receiving my orders from General Winder, I reached Aiken, an
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Johnston's movements-fortifications at Haines' Bluff-explosion of the mine-explosion of the second mine-preparing for the assault-the Flag of truce-meeting with Pemberton-negotiations for surrender-accepting the terms- surrender of Vicksburg (search)
n the roll of prisoners. By the terms of the cartel then in force, prisoners captured by either army were required to be forwarded as soon as possible to either Aiken's landing below Dutch Gap on the James River, or to Vicksburg, there to be exchanged, or paroled until they could be exchanged. There was a Confederate commissioninconvenience of the army on the Mississippi. Thence the prisoners would have had to be transported by rail to Washington or Baltimore; thence again by steamer to Aiken's-all at very great expense. At Aiken's they would have had to be paroled, because the Confederates did not have Union prisoners to give in exchange. Then again Aiken's they would have had to be paroled, because the Confederates did not have Union prisoners to give in exchange. Then again Pemberton's army was largely composed of men whose homes were in the South-west; I knew many of them were tired of the war and would get home just as soon as they could. A large number of them had voluntarily come into our lines during the siege, and requested to be sent north where they could get employment until the war was over
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 5: military and naval operations on the coast of South Carolina.--military operations on the line of the Potomac River. (search)
taken from the original by Captain Law, of the New Hampshire, then in that harbor. The humane injunction of Elliott was in a spirit directly opposed to his act in the matter of the infernal machine. He doubtless acted under the orders of his superiors. Captain Elliott became a brigadier-general, and commanded Fort Sumter during a greater portion of the siege of that fortress. He was blown up by the explosion of the mine at Petersburg, when one of his arms was broken. He died at Aiken, South Carolina, in March, 1866. Captain Elliott and his command retreated with the rest of the troops, first to St. Helen's, then to Port Royal Island, and then to the plan of Fort Beauregard. main, with all possible haste, for the Charleston and Savannah Railway. The loss on board the fleet during the action was very slight. The vessels engaged were all more or less injured by the Confederate cannon. The Wabash was struck thirty-four times. Its mainmast was injured beyond hope of repair,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 13: invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania-operations before Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
ed. As an engineering operation for the improvement of the river navigation, it was a success; as a military operation it was a failure. The work was done under the direction of Major Peter S. Michie, Acting Chief-Engineer of the Army of the James. The work on the canal was considerably advanced when the enterprise we are now considering was undertaken. According to arrangement, Ord and Birney crossed the river on, pontoon bridges muffled with hay on the night of the 28th, the former at Aiken's and the latter at Deep Bottom. Ord pushed along the Varina road at dawn. His chief commanders were Generals Burnham, Weitzel, Heckman, Roberts and Stannard, and Colonel Stevens. His van soon encountered the Confederate pickets, and after a march of about three miles, they came Huts at Dutch Gap. this was the appearance of the north bank of the James River, at Dutch Gap, when the writer sketched it, at the close of 1864. the bank was there almost perpendicular, and rose about thirt
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 17: Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--the capture of Fort Fisher. (search)
e work was accomplished. The foe was quickly scattered in a disorderly retreat to Branchville, behind the Edisto, burning bridges behind them, and inflicting a loss on the Nationals of nearly one hundred men. The latter pressed rapidly on to the South Carolina railroad, at Midway, Bamberg, and Graham's stations, and destroyed the track for many miles. Kilpatrick, meanwhile, was skirmishing briskly, and sometimes heavily, with Wheeler, as the former moved, by Barnwell and Blackville, toward Aiken and threatened Augusta; and by noon, on the 11th, Feb., 1865. the Nationals had possession of the railway from Midway to Johnson's Station, thereby dividing the Confederate forces which remained at Branchville and Charleston on one side, and Aiken and Augusta on the other. Sherman now moved his right wing rapidly northward, on Orangeburg. The Seventeenth Corps crossed the south fork of the Edisto at Binnaker's Bridge, and the Fifteenth Corps passed over it at Holman's Bridge. These con
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 18: capture of Fort Fisher, Wilmington, and Goldsboroa.--Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--Stoneman's last raid. (search)
teree junction on the Wilmington road; and northward, in the direction of Charlotte, as far as Winnsboroa. Meanwhile, Kilpatrick, who had been out on quite an extensive raid, was working round toward the last point. He had first gone out toward Aiken, to make the Confederates believe that Augusta was Sherman's destination. Spencer's brigade had a severe skirmish Feb. 8. with some of Wheeler's cavalry, near Williston Station, and routed them. The track was torn up in that vicinity, and Atkibrigade was sent to Aiken. Wheeler was there in force, Feb. 11. and drove him back, and marching out, charged Kilpatrick's entire command. Wheeler was repulsed with a loss of two hundred and fifty-one men. Kilpatrick then threatened Wheeler at Aiken until the night of the 12th, when he drew off, and, moving rapidly on the left of the Fourteenth Corps, struck the highway nine miles northwest of Lexington, when only about fifteen hundred of Wheeler's cavalry were between him and Columbia. Bu
atch worsted at Honey Hill Foster occupies Pocotaligo Sherman enters South Carolina pushes for the Edisto horrible roads fight near Branchville Kilpatrick at Aiken Blair fights and wins near Orangeburg fight at the Congaree Hood's remnant, under Cheatham, pass our left Columbia surrendered great conflagration Sherman's e. Having destroyed the railroad hereabout to his heart's content, and deceived Wheeler as to his purpose, Kilpatrick merely sent Feb 11. Atkins's brigade into Aiken, where Wheeler was in force, and of course drove Atkins back; charging, at 11 A. M., Kilpatrick's entire command, and being repulsed with a loss of 31 killed, 160 wounded, and 60 prisoners. He thereupon fell back into Aiken; and Kilpatrick, after threatening him there till the night of the 12th, suddenly drew off, moved rapidly across the South and then the North Edisto, Feb. 15. and, moving on the left of the 14th corps, struck the Lexington and Augusta road 9 miles north-west of Lexing
iles, Col. D. S., surrenders Harper's Ferry, and is killed, 201. Milledgeville, Ga., taken by Sherman, 690. Miller, Col., 81st Pa., killed at Fair Oaks, 148. Milliken's Bend, 294; attack on, 319. Millikin, Col., killed at Stone River, 281. Mill Spring, Ky., battle of; 42; 44. Milroy. Gen. R. H., at McDowell, Va., 132-3; at Cross-Keys, 138; at Great Run — at Gainesville, 183; abandons Winchester, 371. Mine Run, Va., Gen. Meade's advance to, 399. minor conflicts-- Aiken, S. C., 704. Allatoona, Tenn., 639. Apache Pass, N. M., 24. Appomattox, Va., 743. Aransas Pass, Tex., 341. Arrow Rock, Ark., 453. Athens, Ala., 678. Bachelor's Cr'k, N. C., 533. Bailey's Creek, Va., 591. Batesville, Ark., 417. Baxter's Springs, I. T., 452. Bayou Fourche. Ark., 452. Bayou Metea, Ark., 451. Bean's Station, Tenn., 622. Bear River, Idaho, 455. Belleville. Ohio, 406. Benton, Miss., 696. Bentonville, Ark., 27. Bermuda Hundreds, 567. Beverly Ford, Va., 369.
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), chapter 8 (search)
tion. His opinion of Sherman was very high and complimentary. The old book tells us, he said, that the race may not be to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, and we feel that Providence will not desert our righteous cause. Yes, said General Meade, but then we feel that Providence will not desert our cause; now how are you going to settle that question? Whereat they both laughed. The bishop was a scholastic, quiet-looking man, and no great fire-eater, I fancy. The boat made fast at Aiken's landing, halfway between Deep Bottom and Dutch Gap. A Staff officer was there to receive us and conduct us, two miles, to General Butler's Headquarters. Some rode and some were in ambulances. The James Army people always take pretty good care of themselves, and here I found log houses, with board roofs, and high chimneys, for the accommodation of the gentlemen of the Staff. You might know it was Butler's Headquarters by the fact that, instead of the common ensign, he had a captured Reb
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 13: occupations in 1863; exchange of prisoners. (search)
to be done; because another exchange of a part of the prisoners captured from our navy, held by the Confederates, was arranged with the Secretary of the Navy, who made the agreement outside of our commission by means of our flag of truce boat at Aiken's landing. As will be seen by a telegram, See Appendix No. 7. General Grant readily consented to this particular exchange, as it would not defeat Sherman or imperil our safety here. Against this exchange of sailors when I heard of it, as wperations of General Sherman, but Colonel Mulford succeeded in getting about twelve thousand men. In pursuance of the negotiations concluded by Colonel Mulford, an order See Appendix No. 12. was issued, Convalescent colored Union soldiers at Aiken's landing. and with this order all action on my part as commissioner of exchange practically ceased. I have felt it my duty to give with this particular carefulness an account of my participation in the business of exchange of prisoners, the o
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