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rd, were necessary, and he determined to effect them as soon as circumstances should permit. It may not be out of place to mention here some of the defensive works constructed under General Pemberton's orders. He had adopted a line from Secessionville, on the east, guarding the water approaches of Light-House Inlet, to Fort Pemberton, up the Stono River—a distance of fully five miles—thus giving up to the enemy, for his offensive operations, a large extent of James Island. General Beauregard subsequently reduced that long and defective line to two and a quarter miles, from Secessionville to Fort Pringle, on the Stono, four miles below Fort Pemberton. This was not only a much shorter line, but a stronger and more advantageous one, as it greatly reduced the space the enemy could occupy in any hostile movement from the Stono. In the defensive line originally constructed by General Pemberton the infantry cover had been put in front of his redoubts and redans, and the redans were
rior, as a glance at the map will show. The sickly season on this coast will begin in about six weeks; then a small reduction of the infantry might take place. It was so late as the 16th of June last year that the enemy made his attack at Secessionville, on James Island— so nearly successful—and which, with success, would have placed Charleston at his mercy, despite the harbor defences. It is proper to add here that the day before your order to detach the last division was received I had . C., July 19th, 1863. Brig.-General R. S. Ripley, etc., etc., etc.: General,—The Commanding General desires the following re-arrangement of certain guns on James Island, to provide for the armament of the new batteries in the direction of Secessionville from Legare's Point. Transfer to Legare's Point, with all their implements and ammunition, one 12-pounder rifled gun, and one 8-inch sea-coast howitzer, now at Royal's; one 20 and one 10 pounder Parrott gun of the Georgia Siege Train; one 12<
emy on the south end of Morris Island. While the enemy, on the 9th of July, was threatening Morris Island, he also made a strong demonstration against James Island by the Stono River. At 12 M. on that day Colonel Simonton, commanding at Secessionville, telegraphed: The enemy are landing on Battery Island; their advance pickets and ours arc firing. Pickets from Grimball's (on the Stono) report the enemy landing at that place. Three gunboats and a monitor proceeded up the Stono as fashipment of troops, both infantry and cavalry, from Norfolk, supposed for Charleston. Large quantities of forage shipped. Cavalry left 6th inst. The Chief-Engineer was instructed to lay out and erect a line of works on James Island from Secessionville to Dill's house, in lieu of the present defensive lines, to consist of lunettes with closed gorges disposed at one-half to three-quarters of a mile apart, and connected with cremaillere lines. Captain Tucker, C. S. N., was informed of the
ted. 4th. That you turn over, temporarily, to Lieutenant Rochelle, C. S. N., for army transportation and guard purposes in the harbor, all row-boats, barges, etc., not required for your current wants, taking proper receipts. 5th. That, as soon as possible, you have removed from Fort Sumter all the lead, copper, good carriages, and chassis, etc., especially the carriage and chassis of the 11-inch gun now required in the city. 6th. That you have reconstructed the observatory at Secessionville, and also erect one near Battery Cheves or Haskell. 7th. That the commanding officer at Fort Johnson be directed to employ actively the troops there in constructing bomb-proofs and rifle-pits. 8th. That Colonel Butler, at Moultrie, be directed to employ actively as many of his regiment as practicable in removing the debris from the interior, to throw over the parapet into the ditch of the water-face, under the direction of the Engineer Department, to form a chemise to the scarp.
e lines on James Island from the Wappoo to near Secessionville — a distance of about five miles. They consist this day, with the same officers, the works at Secessionville, which are irregular and but poorly constructedo open fire on Black Island without delay, from Secessionville, with as many guns as can be brought to bear onberton will also be sent to the redoubt nearest Secessionville, for the same purpose, as soon as ready for serof seven miles, reaching from Fort Pemberton to Secessionville, as I always feared, are so defective that it h lay out and erect a shorter line, beginning at Secessionville and resting on the Stono at Dill's house—that ilines. The first (1st) of these redans, from Secessionville, should be armed with three (3) guns; the seconor the new works on the new defensive line from Secessionville to the Stono. The 32-pounder (not rifled) now was defeated by the gallantry of our troops at Secessionville, and the circumstance, somewhat fortuitous, and