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y-eight days, the heaviest land and naval attacks known in history. On Sullivan's Island, north of Sumter, was old Fort Moultrie, and half a mile east of it Battegh which they could never break, consisted in the magnificent works on James, Sullivan's, and Morris Islands, and in different parts of the Charleston Harbor, and in y.Total. James Island10,0001000550011,500 Morris Island1,000250501,300 Sullivan's Island1,5008001502,350 Christ Church1,00010012001,300 Saint Andrews2,000200220line and the line of a floating boom from Fort Sumter, to the west end of Sullivan's Island. 3d. The Harbor, comprising all of the bay within the second line. avy guns; Fort Moultrie, with nine; the Sand Batteries on the west end of Sullivan's Island, with but four yet mounted; and Fort Sumter, with thirty-eight. Of thet of Fort Pemberton. You will likewise transfer to the new batteries, on Sullivan's Island, the 8-inch columbiad, now at Fort Johnson, with its implements, carriage
ctively obstructed, without delay, against the possible attempts of mortar-boats. Some arrangements must also be made for the disposition of the troops on Sullivan's Island, not needed for the service of the batteries, in case of an attack merely by gunboats. To this matter the Commanding General wishes you to give your immediate attention. The houses on Sullivan's Island, on the sea-shore, you will take measures to remove at an early day. We now have before us two important and interesting memoranda, giving an elaborate professional criticism of the defences of Savannah and its different approaches, showing the defects of the system adopted by Gein. Of all arms17,661 1 light artillery ...........100200 1 company artillery ....100 For Morris Island. 1 company artillery for enfilade battery100 Sullivan's Island. 2 regiments ............20002,600 1 battalion cavalry ....400 2 light batteries ........200 For Mount Pleasant. 1 regiment artillery for works in progr
east angle, and east face—taking their position close along the eastern shore of Morris Island, after silencing Battery Wagner. By adopting this plan their steamers, gunboats, etc., would be, moreover, farther removed from the batteries of Sullivan's Island. The enemy may also establish land rifled and mortar batteries on the sandhills along the sea-shore of Morris Island, at the distance of from one to two miles from Sumter, as was done in the reduction of Fort Pulaski last year. He mightrated in that vicinity. With what resources I have I shall make the best battle I can, conscious that I have done all I could to enlarge those resources in all practicable ways. In order to prevent night reconnoissances on Morris and Sullivan's islands, General Beauregard now ordered the Commander of the First Military District to patrol the beaches of those two islands with cavalry, to be sent for that purpose from the mainland, and to see to it that Morris Island, which he thought was t
rtars—in all, twenty-one guns and mortars. Battery Bee, on Sullivan's Island, was under Lieutenant-Colonel J. C. Simkins, with three compaies from the 20th South Carolina Infantry, had been placed on Sullivan's Island, to prevent an assault by land, should any be attempted; and Neither vessel, however, participated in the engagement. Sullivan's Island, constituting the second subdivision of the First Military Dio induce him to change his course and land at Battery Bee, on Sullivan's Island, where he remained until the fight was over. Steadily, but period respectively this Military District, the batteries on Sullivan's Island and Fort Sumter, it will be seen that— 1st. No ironclad c within range of the heaviest batteries in Fort Sumter and on Sullivan's Island, which they would have been compelled to do in entering the hnever fired hastily or without aim. Of the other works on Sullivan's Island engaged with the enemy on that memorable day he says: The
es are actually necessarily doing heavy artillery service in batteries on Sullivan's Island and elsewhere—3767 heavy and light artillery, and 1171 cavalry. In theeral Beauregard determined to modify and increase his inner circle of fire on Sullivan's and James Islands, and to erect a work on Shell Point—James Island—wherewith me of the mortars now in Fort Sumter may be transferred with advantage to Sullivan's Island, and wishes you to consider and give your views upon the matter. A covy Bee, carefully secured from enfilade from the sand-hills on east end of Sullivan's Island. The gate-way in gorge of Fort Sumter must be closed, and an outlet ar turned against our own works. 5. The order increasing the garrison on Sullivan's Island, to prevent the possibility of a night attack; relieving the troops at Baa strong party between Battery Wagner and Gregg, or to make an attempt on Sullivan's Island. The renewal of the shelling to-day with such vigor would incline me to <
t ArtilleryCavalry James Island1,1841,569153 Morris Island 61228926 Sullivan's Island204726 228 City of Charleston.462235 153 Total2,4622,839 560 Infantrynecessary to enable us to retain possession of its ruins. The route by Sullivan's Island was also of great importance, for its occupation would not only have enabould not have enjoyed on the Long Island coast, had their attack been via Sullivan's Island. Moreover, the seizure of the island would afford the Federal Government that I had to guard three important lines of approach—James, Morris, and Sullivan's islands—and requested the balance of General Colquitt's brigade, with more troopsf Charleston, and our ability to keep up easy communication with the works on Sullivan's and James islands, in view of which I deemed it proper to renew application blt authorized to fire on this city, why did you not also include the works on Sullivan's and James islands—nay, even the City of Charleston—in the same demand? Si
and ammunitioning of Morris, James, and Sullivan's islands, and of Christ Church Parish, also engrout to undergo, and the guns of James and Sullivan's islands being trained to protect it from assaultessed, on the subject of the fire of the Sullivan's Island batteries at the monitors, at ranges whiff. One gunboat and Fort Johnson and the Sullivan's Island batteries enfiladed our faces, and contr The fire of our guns from James and Sullivan's islands had surprised and demoralized the assaul treble-banded Brooke gun which burst on Sullivan's Island be brought to the city as soon as practirived from Richmond be forthwith sent to Sullivan's Island. This was ordered several days ago. he 22d South Carolina Volunteers, now on Sullivan's Island, none of the regiments are completely suhe rapid reinforcement of the command on Sullivan's Island from the troops in Christ Church, which ent, should take post for the present on Sullivan's Island at night, returning to their encampments[7 more...]
hould endeavor to remove the obstructions between Sumter and Moultrie, while attacking the Sullivan's Island batteries, his gunboats should be placed in the vicinity of Fort Sumter, out of the direct rockets were sent up, because positive attacks were not made. The ricochet practice from Sullivan's Island was very handsome. The fire from Johnson was very bad, the balls passing directly over thon had greatly gained in strength and importance; so had almost every battery on James and Sullivan's islands; and General Beauregard, as was justly said in Pollard's Lost Cause, Page 437. had gives the David. As the Housatonic was easily approached through interior channels from behind Sullivan's Island, and Lieutenant Dixon readily procured a volunteer crew, his little vessel was fitted withohn's and Seabrook's islands, and in addition several regiments of infantry were detached from Sullivan's and James islands, to be in readiness for the development of the enemy's purposes. On the n
tenant W. E. Hane, Adjutant of forces on Sullivan's Island: Sir,—I have the honor to submit the he armament of Fort Sumter, and the works on Sullivan's and Morris islands. I am informed that twreeks west of Morris Island and north of Sullivan's Island, and that a good line of communication mof the enemy landing at night a force on Sullivan's Island, it would be well to throw there an addiof Fort Sumter guns. The batteries on Sullivan's Island ought to be armed and ready for action a that you should furnish Fort Sumter and Sullivan's Island at once with everything in the way of pre immediate necessity of transporting to Sullivan's Island all the guns and ammunition which can bewithout delay to other works—that is, to Sullivan's Island and to Fort Johnson. Respectfully, yo and ammunitioning of Morris, James, and Sullivan's islands, and Christ Church Parish, if not alread9111520 1st Mil. Dist., S. C.: Sumter, Sullivan's and Long Islands, Parishes of Christ Church [29 more...]<