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apolis Journal narrative. Wartrace, Tenn., July 4, 1863. friend Terrell: You have doubtless heard before this of the evacuation of the rebel strong-hold, Tullahoma. As Wilder's command had a hand in it, I will write you some particulars. He started from Murfreesboro on the twenty-fourth of June. His brigade had the advanlled the raft. He had sent Colonel Munroe (One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois) with his regiment to destroy the railroad bridge over Elk River in the rear of Tullahoma, but Withers's division of infantry got there three hundred yards ahead of him. He then returned to Hillsboro. Wilder's command moved on to Dechard that night, more of the same sort. If it had not been for the incessant rains and consequent high water, we would as certainly have had Bragg's whole army as that we have Tullahoma now. As it is, he will escape across the Tennessee River, with the loss of nearly all his Tennessee troops, who are deserting in squads, coming in and taking the
general direction of which, from the crossing of the Atlanta road to Rome and thence to Gadsden, is south-west. From the position of our army at McMinnville, Tullahoma, Decherd, and Winchester, to reach Chattanooga, crossing the Tennessee above it, it was necessary, either to pass north of the Sequatchie Valley, by Pikesville opart of it under cultivation. Prelimiinary operations of the army. The first step was to repair the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, to bring forward to Tullahoma, McMinnville, Dechard, and Winchester needful forage and subsistence, which it was impossible to transport from Murfreesboro to those points over the horrible roads which we encountered on our advance to Tullahoma. The next was to extend the repairs of the main stem to Stevenson and Bridgeport and the Tracy City Branch, so that we could place supplies in depot at those points, from which to draw after we had crossed the mountains. Through the zeal and energy of Colonel Innis and his re
l Thomas was yesterday thrown forward, and his advance is within four miles of the enemy. We shall probably advance to-day; and if so, the chances are in favor of a great battle to-morrow. It seems likely that Bragg intends to make a stand at Tullahoma. Tullahoma is a strong position naturally; its artificial defences are respectaable. and the troops are laboring day and night strengthening them. While sitting to-day with General Rosecrans and a number of the members of his staff, under Tullahoma is a strong position naturally; its artificial defences are respectaable. and the troops are laboring day and night strengthening them. While sitting to-day with General Rosecrans and a number of the members of his staff, under the General's marquee, General Stanley, Chief of Cavalry, with General Mitchell and his division of horse, reached headquarters — being just back from his brilliant expedition to Shelbyville, the headquarters of the rebel army. I have already sent by telegraph the leading points of the affair; but, in the course of an afternoon's gossip, there are many details which may be of interest. Our force, all of which was under command of General Gordon Granger, first met the enemy at Guy's Gap, whe
tucky, a dark and bloody struggle has ensued, in which, on every occasion, we have fought against superior numbers, victory wavering first on one side and then on the other. Notwithstanding the disasters of the Kentucky campaign, we retrieved a portion of Middle Tennessee and North-Alabama. The battle of Murfreesboro, in which we won a brilliant victory on the thirty-first of December last, afterward proved but a drawn battle, and on the night of second January following, we retreated to Tullahoma. Several months elapsed after this terrible conflict. We advanced to Wartrace and Shelbyville, were again ready to give the enemy battle, when a large portion of General Bragg's forces were withdrawn to Mississippi for the rescue of Vicksburgh. Nothing was accomplished by the move. General Bragg was left in a critical position as a mere army of observation, opposed to an overwhelming army in his front, which for months he held at bay. The enemy at last succeeded in surprising our force
st division to move. Marched to Elk River, where I rejoined the Second division. The enemy showed himself in force, the Seventh Pennsylvania skirmished with him a short time. Camped one mile south of the river, the Fourth Michigan remaining on the north side to guard Stokes's battery. July 3.--Marched to Decherd, the Fourth Michigan making a dash into that place, but finding that the rebs had removed, camped a mile and a half from Decherd. July 4.--In camp, Fourth Michigan sent to Tullahoma for rations. July 5.--In camp, rejoined by Third Indiana. July 6.--Marched to within five miles of Salem and went into camp. July 7.--In camp. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, Robt. H. G. Minty, Colonel Commanding. General Wheeler received a severe wound (shot through the body a little above the left groin) while crossing the river. One hundred and eighteen dead rebels have been taken out of the river. Fifteen were buried on the field, and in every house was
d about two o'clock on the morning of the twenty-eighth, we encamped in the southern outskirts of the town. June 28.--We marched about seven miles, toward Tullahoma, Tenn., and encamped for the night. June 29.--Remained in camp all day. Lieutenant Corbin was sent to the front with one section of the battery for picket. Left camp at six P. M. June 30.--Lieutenant Corbin returned to camp with the section at seven A. M. July 1.--Marched to Tullahoma. The enemy were gone, evidently having left in great haste. We encamped one mile south of the town. July 2.--Marched from Tullahoma in the direction of Decherd, Tennessee. Arrived at Stearns's MiTullahoma in the direction of Decherd, Tennessee. Arrived at Stearns's Mill at ten o'clock A. M., where we halted to await orders. General Negley soon ordered me to the front on double-quick. Arriving at the front. I found that the position which I was to occupy was filled by two batteries from his own division. In compliance with General Beattey's order I remained in the road, directly in their rea
the Duck River Valley and the country southward. Tullahoma, a large intrenched camp, situated on the barrens routes passing southward from Murfreesboro toward Tullahoma and line of the enemy's communications. 1. By McMinnville it is seventy-five miles to Tullahoma. Its length precludes it, while the intermediate by-roads betion at Shelbyville, and that we must expect him at Tullahoma, only twelve miles distant. It was therefore neces that Bragg would fight us in his intrenchments at Tullahoma. Wilder returned from his expedition, reportingvalry battle showed also the enemy's withdrawal on Tullahoma, and the general expectation that he would fight tosition, to gain the rear of the rebel position at Tullahoma, and who reported favorably thereon, preparations m General Thomas that the enemy had retreated from Tullahoma during the night. Brannan's, Negley's, and Sheridan's divisions; entered Tullahoma, where the infantry arrived about noon. Negley's and Rousseau's divisions
on. He raised the siege, and prepared for offensive action. In the last days of the year he issued from Nashville and delivered a sanguinary battle at Stone River, which gave him possession of Murfreesboro. Bragg retreated to Shelbyville and Tullahoma, and there again rested and intrenched. A long period of needed rest was now employed by the respective parties in increasing the strength and efficiency of their armies; but this repose was broken by frequent skirmishes, and by cavalry expedifront of our forces. While the stirring events which have been related were occurring in the East and in the West, General Rosecrans advanced upon Bragg, who, with little fighting, hastily abandoned his fortified positions of Shelbyville and Tullahoma, in Southern Tennessee. General Rosecrans took, and he yet holds them, while Bragg, with severe loss in a hurried retreat, has fallen back to Chattanooga. It is understood that his army had been already much weakened by detachments sent from i
rmy of Middle Tennessee. In obedience to this order I at once proceeded to Tullahoma. On my arrival I informed the Secretary of War, by a telegram of March ninetd was reported to the Secretary of War. On the ninth of May I received, at Tullahoma, the following despatch of the same date from the Secretary of War: Proceeen I took direct charge of that department. From the time of my arrival at Tullahoma until the fourteenth of April, General Pemberton's reports, all by telegraph,sfied Rosecrans will be reeforced from Grant's army. Shall I order troops to Tullahoma? On the seventeenth of April General Pemberton telegraphed the return of G Under this conviction I telegraphed to General Pemberton, on May first, from Tullahoma: If Grant's army lands on this side of the river, the safety of Mississippi dssissippi River. Vicksburgh was greatly imperilled when my instructions from Tullahoma to concentrate were neglected. It was lost when my orders of the thirteenth
army of the Cumberland: You have made a grand and successful campaign; you have driven the rebels from Middle Tennessee. You crossed a great mountain range, placed yourselves on the banks of a broad river, crossed it in the face of a powerful opposing army, and crossed two other great mountain ranges at the only practicable passes, some forty miles between extremes. You concentrated in the face of superior numbers; fought the combined armies of Bragg, which you drove from Shelbyville to Tullahoma, of Johnston's army from Mississippi, and the tried veterans of Longstreet's corps, and for two days held them at bay, giving them blow for blow, with heavy interest. When the day closed, you held the field, from which you withdrew in the face of overpowering numbers, to occupy the point for which you set out — Chattanooga. You have accomplished the great work of the campaign; you hold the key of East-Tennessee, of Northern Georgia, and of the enemy's mines of coal and nitre. Let th
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