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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., chapter 5.26 (search)
e division of G. W. Smith and Magruder's forces — commanded by him before Johnston's army arrived at the Yorktown lines — moved on the road that passes through Barhamsville and New Kent Court House and crosses the Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge. All the Confederate troops on the latter road were under my command, and they were f by the Federal army. Excepting occasional collisions between our rear-guard and the Federal advance-guard, nothing of special interest occurred after we left Barhamsville, near which place, below West Point, the Federals landed quite a large force, and seemed disposed to move out against us. General Johnston ordered nearly the whole of his army to Barhamsville, and came there in person. The next day, May 7th, the Federal skirmishers advanced, but their main force gave us no opportunity to cut them off from their gun-boats. At this point there was a good deal of sharp fighting for several hours. Reference is had here to the York River expedition, und
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 5 (search)
rigadier-General D. R. Jones in consequence of the illness of the major-general, passed the night of the 5th at Diascund Bridge; that of Major-General Smith at Barhamsville, twelve miles from New Kent Court-House; those of Longstreet and D. H. Hill, with the cavalry, at Williamsburg, as has been said. In Federal dispatches of tates troops had landed at Eltham's, and nearly opposite to West Point, on the southern shore of York River. Early next morning the army was concentrated near Barhamsville. In the mean time General Smith had ascertained that the enemy was occupying a thick wood between the New Kent road and Etham's Landing. The security of our t Court-House, and Longstreet's and Hill's that by the Long Bridges. In these marches the right column reached the Baltimore Cross-roads, nineteen miles from Barhamsville, and the left the Long Bridges. The army remained five days in this position, in line facing to the east, Longstreet's right covering the Long Bridges, and Ma
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 14 (search)
he subject, Colonel R. G. Cole stated: To sum up, then, the amount of loss sustained by the department, from the withdrawal from Yorktown by the army, I regard as so inconsiderable in comparison with the number of troops as to justify me in stating that it was nothing. We refused no gage of battle, but were ready to repel the enemy's attack each day of the sixteen during which we confronted him near Yorktown; and fought him successfully at Williamsburg, and drove him out of our way at Barhamsville. As to disparity of numbers, it was a hundred and thirty-three thousand Report of Adjutant-General of the United States Army to committee on conduct of the war. to fifty thousand; far greater than existed when General Lee took command of that army on the first of June, or than that against us in Mississippi in December, 1862, or in Middle Tennessee in 1863. Yet General Lee was justly sustained by the Administration and people for postponing his attack upon McClellan four weeks, that
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
ith the number of troops as to justify me in stating that the loss was nothing. (Signed) R. G. Cole. Headquarters, Barhamsville, May 7, 1862. General: The enemy has a large fleet of gunboats (seven iron-clads) and transports at West Point. Hef those of the enemy, were placed in hospitals and residences in Williamsburg. Major-General Smith's division reached Barhamsville, eighteen miles; and Major-General Magruder's (commanded by Brigadier-General D. R. Jones) the Diascund Bridge on the ng in force on the south side of York River, near West Point. On the following morning the army was concentrated near Barhamsville. In the mean time it had been ascertained that the enemy occupied a thick and extensive wood between Barhamsville andBarhamsville and their landing-place. Brigadier-General Whiting was directed by General Smith to dislodge him, which was handsomely done-the brigade of Hood, and part of that of Hampton, performed the service. You are respectfully referred, for details, to the acc
Kearney's Division. Letter from General Kearney. headquarters Third division Heintzelman's corps, camp Berry, Barhamsville, May 10, 1862. To His Excellency Gov. Morgan: sir: It is with great satisfaction that I have the honor of bringing lman's Corps. Compliment to the Maine troops. headquarters Third division Heintzelman's corps, camp Berry, Barhamsville, Va., May 10. To His Excellency, Israel Washburn, Jr., Governor of Maine: sir: As Commanding General of this divisioneventh Virginia regiment, and Col. Garland, of Lynchburgh, severely. Another heavy battle took place yesterday near Barhamsville, in the county of New-Kent, but with what result was not known, as the courier who brought the intelligence to this cint. The Virginia (No. 2) was passed on James River yesterday, and will be at Richmond to-day. We have conflicting reports of the fight at Barhamsville yesterday, and prefer to wait for an official statement before giving publicity to rumors.
s; D. H. Hill's and G. W. Smith's divisions to march by the Yorktown road. Longstreet, Hill, and Smith were to pass through Williamsburg, Smith halting on the Barhamsville road far enough out to leave room for the other troops between himself and the town. It was expected that Magruder and Hill would clear the way to enable Longe we could reach it by water. Late in the afternoon of the 4th Gen. G. W. Smith was ordered to march at 2.30 A. M. of the 5th, and place his position north of Barhamsville to check any attempt on the Confederate line of retreat from the upper York river. Longstreet and Hill were to follow Smith on the Barhamsville road for aboutBarhamsville road for about six miles, and then turn off at the Burned Tavern and take the Charles City road to Richmond via Long bridge. Magruder was to move by New Kent Court-House and Bottom bridge. From Barhamsville Smith was to follow Magruder. Smith commanded the troops on the New Kent Court-House road, Longstreet those on the Charles City road. T
He moved at the hour designated, just as a heavy rain commenced. The roads soon became axle-deep in mud, and extraordinary efforts were required to get the wagons along. Late in the afternoon, when the head of the column had nearly reached Barhamsville, Smith received an order from Gen. Johnston to suspend the movement, as a heavy attack had been made on the fortifications at Williamsburg, in which Longstreet's and D. H. Hill's divisions had been engaged. On the two following days Gen. Johnston, learning of Franklin's disembarkation at Brick House, concentrated the greater part of his army near Barhamsville. It has already been stated that Franklin's division was disembarked on the 3d of May to take part in the approaching assault of Yorktown. Gen. Franklin passed the night of the 3d at general headquarters, his division remaining at Cheeseman's landing. As soon as the evacuation was known I instructed him to re-embark his division immediately and bring it by water to Yorktow
30. Babcock, Lieut. O. E., 124. Bache, Prof., 87, 125, 177, 280. Bailey, Col. G., 380. Baker, Col., 81 ; at Ball's Bluff, 171, 183-187, death 185, 190. Ball's Bluff, Va., battle of, 181-190. Balt. and O. R. R., 50, 102, 190-192. Banks, Gen. N., in Shenandoah Valley, 73, 74, 76, 78, 79, 81, 88, 94, 106, 146, 240, 241, 270, 294, 350, 368 ; Ball's Bluff, 183-188; Pope's campaign, 509 ; South Mountain, 574, 579; Washington, ‘62, 551, 622. Barber's Cross-roads, Va., 647. Barhamsville, Va. 319, 320, 324, 334. Barker, Capt., 320, 321. Barlow, Col., 596, 597. Barnard, Gen. J. G., at Washington, ‘61, 83, 124. In Peninsula, 246-248; Yorktown, 272, 274, 281, 289 ; Malvern, 433 ; Harrison's, 483. At Washington, ‘62, 518, 523, 525, 541. Barney, Hiram, advised to leave Washington, 542. Barry, Gen. W. F., 83, 113, 114, 116; at Yorktown, 279. Bartlett, Gen. W. F., 563, 600. Bayard, Gen. G. D., 647, 648. Baylor, Lieut. T. G., 132. Beauregard, Gen. P. G., in Virgini<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Sketch of Longstreet's divisionYorktown and Williamsburg. (search)
ess of all consequences. Many wagons and ambulances were abandoned in the road, and with them two mountain howitzers and three iron twelve-pounders, which had been sent to Williamsburg from Richmond just before the retreat, and were unprovided with horses. As General Johnston expected to be attacked by the divisions which McClellan had thrown ahead of him at Eltham's Landing near West Point, the march was hurried as much as possible, and on the 7th the whole army was concentrated at Barhamsville. Franklin's division and one brigade of Sedgwick's having landed during the morning, General Franklin sent out Newton's brigade as a feeler for the Confederate position. Newton had advanced a little over a mile, when, on entering a body of woods, his skirmishers came upon Hood's brigade of Whiting's division, which formed the Confederate advanced guard. Hood immediately attacked Newton with great vigor, and drove him back under cover of the fire of the gunboats, and of a number of batt
w West Point, on the south side of York River, and moved into a thick wood in the direction of the New Kent road, thus threatening the flank of our line of march. Two brigades of General G. W. Smith's division, Hampton's and Hood's, were detached under the command of General Whiting to dislodge the enemy, which they did after a short conflict, driving him through the wood to the protection of his gunboats in York River. On the next morning the rear divisions joined those in advance at Barhamsville, and the retreat of the whole army was resumed—Smith's and Magruder's divisions moving by the New Kent Court House to the Baltimore crossroads, and Longstreet's and Hill's to the Long Bridge, where the whole army remained in line facing to the east for five days. The retreat had been successfully conducted. In the principal action, that at Williamsburg, our force, after General Hill's division had been brought back to the support of General Longstreet, did not exceed, and probably was
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