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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The Eighteenth Corps at Cold Harbor. (search)
directing me to leave a garrison at White House and move with the remainder of tile command to New Castle, on the south side of the Pamunkey River. As none of the wagons or reserve ammunition had as tation for the supplies. Fearing that there might be some urgent reason for the appearance at New Castle of such a force as I could gather, and in such condition as I could move it, I decided not to eneral: Triplicated orders have been sent to you to march up the south bank of the Pamunkey to New Castle, there to await further orders. I send with this a brigade of cavalry to accompany you on thelock that night the command encamped at Bassett's, near Old Church, and about three miles from New Castle. The troops were not inured to long marches and suffered greatly from the heat. From Bassett, at White House, about thirteen miles from Cold Harbor, moved on the 31st, at 3:30 P. M., for New Castle, fifteen miles up the Pamunkey, and thence, on the 1st of June, about twelve miles to Cold Har
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Sheridan's Trevilian raid. (search)
ah Valley to Lynchburg, cut the canal, and return over the Lynchburg branch of the Virginia Central to Charlottesville, where it was expected he would meet Sheridan. That officer was again to cut loose from the army, and, after tearing up the Virginia Central near Gordonsville, to cooperate with Hunter, if practicable. In obedience to instructions Sheridan, with the divisions of Torbert and Gregg, numbering, exclusive of non-combatants, about eight thousand men, started (June 7th) from New Castle on the Pamunkey, crossed that river on pontoons, moved rapidly via Aylett's, Polecat Station, Chiles-burg, New Market, Mt. Pleasant, Young's Bridge, crossed the South Anna at Becker's Store, and bivouacked on the evening of the 10th at Buck Childs's, three miles from Trevilian Station. On the march, whenever the column passed near the railroad it was cut in several places. The weather was hot, and the roads heavy with dust, causing the weaker horses to drop out; in all cases where this o
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 11: advance of the Army of the Potomac on Richmond. (search)
larming circumstance of his ammunition being nearly exhausted, he thought it prudent not to prosecute an attack on the city, but to retire. Neither was it prudent to go back by the way he had advanced, for a heavy Confederate force might easily be thrown upon his rear by means of the Virginia Central railway; so he retired westward to Salem, hotly pursued as far as that place, and then made his way, with a very scanty supply of food for man and beast, over the mountains, by the village of New Castle, to Meadow Bridge, in the direction of the Kanawha. There, only a few days before, Crook and Averill had left a million and a half of rations in charge of two regiments of Ohio one hundred days men, and expected to find a supply for the famishing army. They were disappointed. A band of guerrillas had swept away rations and men, and it was not until the 27th June, 1864. that a supply was obtained. The army had suffered dreadfully in that exhausted mountain region, and was much weaker i
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 12: operations against Richmond. (search)
of June, an attempt was made by Hoke's division to retake Cool Arbor. Sheridan had been ordered to hold it at all hazards, and he did so. His men dismounted, and fought desperately with their carbines. The assailants were repulsed, but were quickly re-enforced by McLaws's division. Wright's corps arrived in time to meet this new danger; and when, at three o'clock in the afternoon, General Smith came up, after a march of twenty-five miles, He had been erroneously directed to march to New Castle, instead of New Cool Arbor, and he had, by that means, made the journey from White House, more than ten miles further than was necessary. he was met by an order to form on the right of. the Sixth Corps, General Martindale commanded Smith's right; General W. H. Brooks his center, and General Devens, his left. General Rickets commanded the right of the Sixths Corps, General Russell the center, and General Neill the left. then in front of Cool Arbor, on the road leading to Gaines's Mill,
her with the whole country through which we had passed, were taken by surprise; but the scamp of a preacher made his escape in the confusion caused by the tears and distress of the women, who had so unexpectedly become acquainted with the Yankees. We descended the mountain and halted for two hours at Mrs. Scott's tavern, on Barbour's Creek. We started up the valley, and the advance captured a company of Georgia troops, with ninety horses. We then crossed Patt's Mountain, and dashed into New-Castle, the county-seat of Craig. Here we captured a portion of the home guard, with their arms, and without halting kept on for Roanoke. Our march was up the Craig Creek valley, and during the morning captured a rebel patrol party, and a rebel Colonel Chapman, who attempted to escape, and was killed. We also burned another saltpetre works, and after crossing two mountains, at about half-past 10 o'clock reached Salem. After we entered, a train containing a rebel brigade came up the track from
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Part taken by the Ninth Virginia cavalry in Repelling the Dahlgren raid. (search)
d to horse, and we moved down the south side of Pamunkey. Before dawn our advance was halted by a picket near Old Church. It proved to be that of Colonel Bradley T. Johnson. We halted for breakfast, then marched to Tunstall's Station, to which point Colonel Johnson moved to ambush. We saw only the half extinct fires of the Yankee camp and evidences of ruin to the helpless families near the road, and after a bootless chase, returned in the evening to bivouac at the intersection of the New Castle and New Kent roads, one mile from Old Church, to await the return of a courier sent to General Hampton in the morning. Whilst seated around our camp-fire, a courier--Private Robbins, of New Kent — rode in, and asked for Colonel Beale. He bore a dispatch from Lieutenant James Pollard, of Company H, who was absent from camp when we marched, and a package of papers. From the dispatch we learned that Pollard, hearing of a party of the enemy in the county, hastily collected twelve of his men
he malicious aspersions of a hired Northern libeller. I saw this libel in the New York Times (afterwards transferred to the London Times,) before His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales left New York, and determined at that time to take no notice of it until his departure, lest his eye, while the guest of us all, should fall upon the disgusting spectacle of a quasi family quarrel, of which his entertainment was the subject; and I forbore there-after to reply to it, as His Grace the Duke of New castle (prompted, doubtless by his high sense of truth and decency,) contradicted it in New York. Nor would I now trouble myself, or others, farther with this libel, notwithstanding its transfer to the columns of the "Thunderer," accompanied by comments as false and malignant as the original, but for its subsequent laconic reiteration and endorsement by way of a note to your answer, in these words: "Mr. Beverly Tucker's letter is altogether beside the question. The fact of the affront to the Pr
and tobacco; our export abroad of which, besides the consumption within the Union, was in 1860 worth $210,000,000! We have no doubt that when the census statistics of 1860 transpire, if not garbled by the Yankee Government, they will show a considerable increase of the Southern production in all these articles of food and of income. Yet, this is the country which the Yankees, in their ignorance and stupidity, expect to starve into contrition and submission! When England blockades New castle, for the purpose of cutting off its supplies of coal; when Australia sends to Europe for gold; and when Connecticut begins to import tin cups, wooden clocks, hams and nutmegs, then the North may expect to hear a general wail rising up from all the South for bread! The cereal crops of 1861 are the most enormous ever known in the South. It would be no exaggeration to say that they are sufficient, alone, to supply the South with food for two or three years. It is thus that Providence co