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y, &c., H. Marshall, Brigadier-General, P. A. C. 8. General R. E. Lee, Commanding C. S. Army, Richmond, Va. Lebanon, Va., March 20, 1862. General: I inclose the official report of Major Thompson, exhibiting the circumstances under whichr obedient servant H. Marshall, Brigadier-General, Provisional Army Confederate States. General orders, no. 6. Lebanon, Va., March 14, 1862. The brigadier-general commanding directs that hereafter all passage and communication across the C H. Marshall, Brigadier-General, Commanding. Brigadier-General-----. Special orders, no. 38. Brigade headquarters, Lebanon, Va., March 19, 1862. Official information having reached me that the troops in the service of the United States have tad horses.     60 Total     1,614 No. 3.-report ofMaj. John B. Thompson, Twenty-first Virginia Battalion. Lebanon, Va., March 21, 1862. Sir: I have the honor to report that on the evening of the 15th I received information that the en
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Additional Sketches Illustrating the services of officers and Privates and patriotic citizens of South Carolina. (search)
es of the stirring events of 1861-65. For most of the time since the war he has been in the employ of the government in the revenue department. He was married December 22, 1852, to Miss Mary Archer and they have four living children: one son and three daughters. Rev. Hezekiah W. Bays, for over thirty years a minister of the Methodist church, was born in Russell county, Va., and was educated at Emory-Henry college, where he received the degree of A. M. On March 21, 1862, being then in Lebanon, Va., he enlisted in the cavalry command of the famous John C. Morgan, beginning as a corporal, soon afterward being promoted to second sergeant, and acting as orderly-sergeant until July, 1863, when he was transferred with the McFarland battalion to General Forrest's cavalry command. He was put in command of a body of couriers, and just before the battle of Chickamauga earned the favorable attention of Gen. William Preston, of Kentucky, by his gallantry and success in carrying a message to C
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Life, services and character of Jefferson Davis. (search)
Johnston could only harass Sherman in the South, and the men of Lee could see from their trenches the mighty swarms marshalling in their front. The starvation that clutched at their throats plunged its dagger to their hearts as they thought of loved ones famishing at home. But the brave men who still clung to their tattered standards knew naught of the art or practice of surrender. They thought of Valley Forge and saw beyond it Yorktown. Had not Washington thought of the mountains of West Augusta when driven from his strongholds? Why not they? Had not Jackson left the legacy, What is life without honor? Dishonor is worse than death. They could not comprehend the idea of surrender, for were they not their fathers' sons? Revolutions can only die in the last ditch. They would rather have died than surrender then, and they were right. Revolutions imply the impossibility of compromise. They never begin until overtures are ended. Once begun, there is no halfway house betwee
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Robert Edward Lee. (search)
he startling fact that its manufacturing establishments, though poor and inadequate, were at first absolutely, and always practically, the sole resource of the South for artillery and railway material—these considerations, in their combined strength, brought about, in the minds of those directing the Confederate government, a conviction of the indispensable necessity of Richmond to the life of the Southern cause. Washington talked of retreating, in the last resort, to the mountains of West Augusta, and their maintaining an undying resistance to the British invaders. It is possible that such a guerilla warfare might have succeeded a hundred years ago against an enemy coming across the Atlantic, before the use of steam on sea and river and railway, and before even turnpikes connected the coast with the mountains. It is possible. But the probability is that, as in other contests, the end of organized regular warfare would have been the virtual end of the struggle. How much more mu
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Index. (search)
e of Gettysburg, 407.. Virginia Military Institute, Cadets of the, 271. Virginia Troops at the Dedication of the Lee Monument, 271, 272, 291. Von Zinken, Col., 96. Waddy, Col. J. R., 68. War, The Army of the, 132. Warner, Charles Dudley, 350. Warriors, 6; of the South, 7. Washington Artillery of Louisiana, 268, 306. Washington and Lee University, Students of, at the Dedication of the Lee Monument, 286, 358. Washington's proposed Final Stand in the Mountains of West Augusta, Va., 323. Washington Shooters, The, 271. Washington Statue, The, 249. Watterson, Henry, 351. West Virginia Troops at the Dedication of the Lee Monument, 271. Wheat, General C. R., Memoir of, 47; The Last Words of, lines by H., 59; the death of, 56. Wheat, Captain, John Thomas, 57. Wheat, Leo, 47. Wheeler, General, Joseph, 77. White, Dr. Isaiah H., Surgeon C. S. A., on the Treatment of Prisoners, 383. White, D. D., Rev. J. J., 353 William and Mary College, Students
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 20. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.29 (search)
o. 14. John Bowie Strange, Charlottesville, Virginia, J. M. Garnett. No. 15. Pierre Gibson, No. 15, Culpeper, Virginia, D. A. Grimsley. No. 16. Callcote-Wrenn, Isle of Wight Courthouse, Virginia, N. F. Young. No. 17. Ewell, Prince William county, Virginia, H. F. Lynn, Catharpin, Virginia. No. 18. J. E. B. Stuart, Reams' Station, Virginia, M. A. Moncure. No. 19. Thornton-Pickett, Farmville, Virginia, S. W. Paulett. No. 20. Stover, Strasburg, Virginia, Mason Bly, Lebanon, Virginia. No. 21. J. A. Early, Rocky Mount, Virginia, G. W. Helms. No. 22. Turner Ashby, Winchester, Virginia, Charles W. Mc-Vicar. No. 23. Magruder-Ewell, Williamsburg, Virginia, T. J. Stubbs. No. 24. J. E. B. Stuart, Berryville, Clarke county, Virginia, Samuel J. C. Moore. No. 25. Stonewall Jackson, Staunton, Virginia, Frank B. Berkeley. No. 26. L. A. Armistead, Boydton, Virginia, Charles Alexander. No. 27. Louisa, Louisa Courthouse, Virginia, William Kean, Thompson's
, to be called Lord Dunmore's Ethiopian regiment. Connolly was arrested in Maryland in November; and thus the movements at the west were prevented. At Dunmore's proclamation a thrill of indignation ran through Virginia, effacing all differences of party; and rousing one strong impassioned purpose to drive away the insolent power by which it had been put forth. Instead of a regiment on the king's side from the backwoods, William Campbell and Gibson were on the march from Fincastle and West Augusta, with patriotic rifle companies, composed of as fine men as ever were seen. In the valley of the Blue Ridge the different congregations of Germans, quickened by the preaching of Muhlenburg, were animated with one heart, and stood ready at the first summons to take up arms for the defence of the men of the low country, regardless of their different lineage and tongue. The general congress promptly invited Virginia, as it had invited New Hampshire and South Carolina, to institute a gove
ould not hesitate to make old Scott the first victim if I could. "My boys are healthy and strong fellows. I wish they were old enough to do duty — I would willingly give them up for this cause." A widow lady of Chesterfield, S. C., has sent her son, her sole support, to the service of the State. This is akin to the spirit of Mrs. Lewis, (so handsomely alluded to by Hon. Jeremiah Morton in his thrilling and manly speech at the Floyd Banquet,) who, in the Revolution, sent her three sons to resist the attempt of Tarlton to cross the Blue Ridge, telling them if he crossed that mountain, never to see her face again. This incident led to Washington's famous exclamation, in the darkest hour of the Revolution, "Give me but a banner, and let me plant it on the mountains of West Augusta, and I will yet save the independence of the country." And with such a spirit still alive among the women of the South, who doubts that the cause of Independence and Liberty will always be secure?
West Rockingham. H. Hoffman; East Rockingham, T. T. Wysong. J. N. Gray; Woodstock, W. F. Speake, (one to be supplied;) Front Royal. R. R. S. Hough, R. B. Frampton; Luray, W. D. Lippetoe; Franklin, S. H. Griffith, L. W. Haslip; Moorefield, J. E. Armstrong, J. P. Hyde; South Branch, O. P. Wirgman, E. F. Heterick; North River, S. Smith, J. C. McNeer; New Creek, Andrew J. Porter-- W. S. Baird. Principal of the Wesley Female Institute, Staunton.Roanoke District.-- Samuel Resister, P. E; Salem, John C. Dice, Joseph J. Engie; Christiansburg, W. S. Edwards; Blacksburg, Theodore M. Carson; Jacksonville, A. P. Boude; Newcastle and Newport, J. F. Beane, E. G. Jamieson; Roanoke, L. R. Jones; Fincastle, H. A. Gaver, (one to be supplied;) Lexington, F. C. Tebbs; Lexington Circuit, Joseph E. Wassen; Fairfield, Jason P. Etchison; Covington, John W. Ewan; Churchville, David W. Arnold, L. E. Johnston; West Augusta, George H. Jefferson; Monterey, James W. Beatty, S. F. Butt; Highland, J. P. Chillum.
Advance of the invaders. --We learn from a member of the Rockbridge 2d Dragoons, (says the Lexington Gazette,) who has been with our gallant little army-since they were sent to Western Virginia, that our forces had retreated to the pass in the Cheat Mountains, about ninety miles west of Staunton-- hat they are some 2,500 strong, militia and volunteers — that the enemy had advanced upon them as far as Beverly, Randolph county, 12 miles in their rear. The invaders in Tygart's River Valley are estimated at from fifteen to sixteen thousand, with reinforcements behind them. The marauders, it thus appears, are making their way into the heart of the State. Our people must look to their safety, and prepare to drive them back. It is high time to be fully aroused, and let the cry of To Arms! resound through the hills of West Augusta.
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