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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Shenandoah Valley in 1864, by George E. Pond—Campaigns of the civil war, XI. (search)
through New Castle with the same headlong speed, not through fear of the enemy, but through necessity of reaching supplies. During the week that elapsed before these were obtained, the troops had no hard bread, and only one issue of six ounces of flour per man. But there was beef on the hoof, the cattle being driven by day and eaten the same night. Many horses and mules died for want of fodder and rest, and not a few wagons were burned for lack of animals to draw them. Hunter reached Gauley Bridge, June 27, with his army in a state of demoralization and exhaustion. Early reached Salem on the 22d. He had moved 209 miles in nine days, had saved Lynchburg and driven Hunter headlong back to the Valley, and then across it and into the Alleghany mountains. His instructions were to destroy Hunter if possible, and to threaten Maryland and Washington city by an advance northward, if the way should be open. Hunter was now out of reach, and his flight left the road to the Potomac open
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The career of Wise's Brigade, 1861-5. (search)
their indomitable defences of Yorktown and move to the defences of Richmond. This they did after the victory at Bethel, and after fighting most gloriously the battles at Williamsburg and Barhamsville. During this period, before the evacuation of the defences of Yorktown, I was in command of a legion of 2,000 men and two regiments of Virginia Volunteers in the Kanawha valley. To pass over the scenes there of Scary and Pocataligo, and the evacuation of that valley, and the burning of Gauley Bridge, and of Carnifax, and of Honey Creek, on the east peak of Sewell Mountain, and of Camp Defiance and the Slaughter Pen of Roanoke Island, after Richmond was invested by McClellan's army, my legion was converted into a brigade of infantry, and was reorganized. The 46th and 59th Virginia Regiments of the legion were left to my command, and to these were added the 26th and 34th Regiments of Virginia, largely composed of men from the counties of Mathews, Gloucester, King and Queen and Essex.
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—the first autumn. (search)
's arrival at Carnifex Ferry, Tyler, not considering himself sufficiently strong to dispute his passage, had fallen back towards the south, in the direction of Gauley Bridge, near the point of confluence of the Gauley and New Rivers. But on hearing of an accident which had befallen Floyd, he immediately retraced his steps. At Cary bore the fatigues of that long march well, and at three o'clock they reached the point where the road which leads to Carnifex Ferry leaves the main road from Gauley Bridge. Informed at last of the enemy's position, Rosecrans decided to take advantage of the last hours of daylight to make a reconnaissance, notwithstanding the fatconfluence of the Gauley and New River, and command the road from Charleston to Lewisburg, by which Rosecrans was obtaining supplies for his army. In place of Gauley Bridge, which had been destroyed, the Federals had established a ferry-boat, the trips of which were soon interrupted by Floyd's artillery, which had been dragged wit
The Wise Brigade. --At our last advices from the nucleus of Gen. Wise's Brigade, it was at Gauley Bridge, Kanawha county, and consisted of about 4,000 men. We are gratified in being able to state that John H. Richardson, Esq., a volunteer officer of great experience, has been commissioned as Col. of the 1st Regiment of Infantry in the Brigade. Hugh W. Fry, Jr., who has served with Col. R., has also received the appointment of Major in the same regiment. The appointment of Col. R. is good evidence that Gen. Wise, in forming his Brigade intends to be governed alone in the selection of officers by the possession on their part of that skill without which it is vain to attempt to beat back our savage enemies.--Col. Richardson leaves for his post on Saturday.
From the Wise Legion. Reliable accounts have reached us of the advance of the Federal forces, in strong numbers, upon Charleston, Kanawha county--Gen. Wise, having only a small force at his command, has fallen back to Gauley Bridge, in Fayette county. It is to be hoped that reinforcements will be sent to him without unnecessary delay.
The Kanawha Valley. --A correspondent of the Lynchburg Republican confirms our statement that Gen. Wise had fallen back to Gauley Bridge. The Lincolnites have taken possession of Charleston, a considerable portion of the inhabitants having previously left for Lewisburg. The Valley of the Kanawha is thus exposed to the vandalism of the hessians, but we think they will soon be driven out.
Movements of Gen. Wise. Clarksburg, July 31. --Gen. Wise, after burning Gauley Bridge, fell back to Lewisburg.
l Orders No. 12.--Searches of houses for arms, traitors, or spies, and arrests of offenders, in such matters, shall only be made in any department by the special authority of the commander thereof, excepting in extreme cases admitting of no delay. By command of Lieut. Gen. Scott. E. D. Townsend, Ass't Adjt. General. From the Kanawha Valley. The Northern telegrams inform us that Gen. Cox, on the 29th ult., sent a dispatch to Gen. Rosencranz, announcing his arrival at Gauley Bridge, which had been destroyed by Gen.Wise; that it would require three days to construct a floating bridge across the river; and that Wise fells trees across the road and destroys all the bridges on his route. Cox further says that he captured 1,000 flint lock muskets and a small quantity of powder, left behind by the "retreating rebels." Gen. Patterson makes another speech. Gen. Patterson was serenaded at his residence in Philadelphia on Wednesday evening, and in acknowledging the
them since their departure from Richmond; but I venture to say they have done more marching and stood more fatigue and hardship than any other company in the war. --They say they are "Rangers," and will support the name. They have been in several skirmishes with the enemy, always bringing down their aimed-it object. They led the expedition to Glenville with other companies, numbering in all 260 men, commanded by Capt. Caskie. On their return to Charleston, they took an active part in harrassing and annoying General Coxe's outpost and pickets. This company is well known in Coxes camp, and may, from all I can learn, if caught, "look out for number one." By Gen. Wise's orders they burned the suspension bridge at Charleston, which cost $120,000 to prevent Coxe's guns closing in the rear. They were the last to evacuate Charleston, and covered Wise's withdrawal to Gauley Bridge. In Kanawha Valley, Caskie's Rangers are well known for their exploits and daring acts against the enemy.
urn to West- ern Virginia after joining Gen. Lee and the troops that renegade may bring with him to Staunton. Ample preparations, however, have been made for the defence of the different passes through which he might otherwise cross the mountains. He professes the intention of occupying this city — an experiment which, ten to one, he will not venture upon. I believe Gen. Rosencranz's at Clarksburg, with the great brety of his command, and Gen. Cox with his in Kanawha county, near Gauley Bridge. Wheeling,August 10th.--Our latest information from Gen. Rosencranz's command is, that he is in the immediate vicinity of Cheat Mountain Pass — about Beverly and Hutsonville — preparing to give Gen. Lee a warm reception, if he attempts to force his way over the Alleghenies. Lee has arrived within striking distance of the east side of the pass, with such troops as he could gather from the rout of Garnett's dispersed army. Anderson was at Staunton on the 27th ultimo, pushing on to j<
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