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Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 1 35 1 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 30 0 Browse Search
Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 20 0 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America, together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published: description of towns and cities. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 13 1 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 8 0 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 8: Soldier Life and Secret Service. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 2 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Poetry and Incidents., Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore) 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: January 30, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: September 4, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 1 1 Browse Search
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put to death some white people; and seemed disposed to break out into open war, in which also they endeavored to enlist the Pottawattamies. As the Winnebagoes numbered some 600 or 700 warriors, were physically large, well formed, and strong, and were the most indomitable and irreclaimable savages on that frontier, great apprehensions were felt of a cruel warfare. They refused to negotiate with General Cass, who thereupon turned the matter over to General Atkinson. The expedition left Prairie du Chien on the 29th of August, and returned to Jefferson Barracks September 27th. The letter to Bickley, already quoted, describing the movement of troops to preserve peace on the Northwestern frontier, continues as follows: The detachment of the Sixth Regiment which left this place was accompanied by two companies of the Fifth Regiment from St. Peter's, up the Wisconsin River as far as the portage, where it was met by a detachment of the Second Regiment from Green Bay, under the command
hat the Sacs and Foxes, in violation of the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of 1830, had attacked the Menomonees near Fort Crawfoe troops as could be spared from the slender force at Prairie du Chien, the troops at Fort Winnebago at the portage of the Faid our spears there together. While you are gone to Prairie du Chien, we will endeavor to speak to Black Hawk's band, and he river, and made arrangements with the commander at Prairie du Chien, and with General Dodge at Galena, relative to the prpewa country, or will try to cross the Mississippi at Prairie du Chien. Mr. Johnston thinks they will be overtaken before thtoo, a detachment, under Lieutenant Ritner, sent from Prairie du Chien, intercepted a party of the Sacs attempting to descenrom the combat, and took refuge on some islands above Prairie du Chien, whence they were routed by a detachment of regulars lonel Taylor and the Indian agent, General Street, at Prairie du Chien, with a false and fulsome speech. The other captives
se and said: Mr.--, you have a mother: and, I believe, you have a sister. He made no other remark; but the rebuke silenced Lieutenant--, and, vulgar as he was, he hung his, head in shame and confusion. I never knew a man who could give a rebuke with more crushing effect than Albert Sidney Johnston. His power of rebuke lay in his serenity and benignity. It was clearly seen that it was the sentiment, not the person, that was condemned. General Atkinson dropped down the river to Prairie du Chien, on August 3d; and, having delayed there until the 25th, proceeded to Rock Island. In consequence of the movement of cholera-infected troops from Chicago to that point the pestilence broke out there, and carried off a number of victims. Lieutenant Johnston was attacked, but recovered after severe suffering. Lying upon the floor, he was wrapped in heavy blankets, drenched with vinegar and salt, and then dosed with brandy and Cayenne pepper; the Faculty must decide whether he recovered
ort Crawford, built on the site of what is now Prairie du Chien, in Wisconsin. The Fort was then in an unfinished conditionago. On Jeffrey's map of 1776, a line is drawn from Prairie du Chien to Omaha, and inscribed French route to western Indiaas one of the three great routes to the Mississippi. Prairie du Chien, as early as 1766, was described as a great mart, wheirteen or fourteen feet above ground. The fort at Prairie du Chien, though built at an early day, was certainly not the re. In 1816, a fort was built at Chicago, and one at Prairie du Chien, for the better protection of the fur traders, the miin a United States infantry command at Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien, then Michigan Territory, but now the State of Wiscon down the river to build a fort at what is now called Prairie du Chien. On the opening of the river in the spring of 182the Chippewa, one hundred and seventy-five miles from Prairie du Chien. Then Lieutenant Davis concluded to leave the Missis
Chapter 9: the Galena lead mines, 1831-32. In 1824 the first steam-boat reached Prairie du Chien. In 1827 Red Bird's capture gave a sense of security to the settlers, and they went in numbers to the lead mines at Galena, where, seven years before, only one house was standing. In 1829, the lead extracted amounted to twelve ssouri. In the autumn of 1831, Colonel Morgan died, and Colonel Zachary Taylor was promoted to the command of the First Infantry, who were then stationed at Prairie du Chien. The uneasiness about the Indians increasing, the regiment was ordered to Rock Island. It moved up the river in Mackinac boats, and passed the Dubuque minoldiers, was sent to Dubuque for the same purpose as that for which I had been sent there in the previous year; but on reporting to the commanding officer at Prairie du Chien that trespassers were, despite his prohibition, crossing the river, a larger force was despatched to enforce the orders of the Government, and the laws rela
Chapter 10: Fort Crawford, 1832-33. Mr. Davis wrote: In 1832, Zachary Taylor became colonel of the First Infantry, with Headquarters at Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien. The barracks were unfinished, and his practical mind and conscientious attention to every duty were manifest in the progress and completion of the work. After the duty had been performed at Yellow River, Lieutenant Davis was ordered to Fort Crawford, where he was again active in the building of the fort. Several of the swear, that no man who voted with Tom Smith should ever marry his daughter. He forbade Davis from entering his quarters as a guest, and repudiated him utterly. Lieutenant Davis served for a short time at Jefferson Barracks, and also at Prairie du Chien, with his friend Albert Sidney Johnston, where he became much attached to Mrs. Johnston, and rejoiced with them over the birth of their little boy, William Preston Johnston, who afterward served on Mr. Davis's staff while he was President of
e interlopers and committed outrages. The Governor promised, in answer to the memorial, to remove the Indians dead or alive. On May 28, 1831, the Governor wrote to General Gaines that he could bring his seven hundred militia troops to meet a supposititious Indian invasion of the territory of Illinois; but brave old General Gaines replied, the next day, that it was not necessary; he had ordered six companies of United States troops from Jefferson Barracks to Rock Island, and four from Prairie du Chien, and did not deem any greater force necessary. On the 7th of June, 1831, General Gaines held a council on Rock Island. Black Hawk and his band, in full panoply of war, singing their war-songs, to show they were not afraid, went to the appointed place, but refused to enter the council-room and occupy it with others not immediately interested in the business of the meeting. In compliance with their demand only a few were allowed to remain with Keokuk and Wapello. General Gaines
en the main body had crossed, swam the river and joined in the retreat over the Kickapoo hills toward the Mississippi River. General Atkinson with his whole army continued the pursuit, and after a toilsome march overtook the Indians north of Prairie du Chien, on the bank of the Mississippi River, to the west side of which they were preparing to cross in bark canoes made on the spot. That purpose was foiled by the accidental arrival of a steam-boat with a gun on board. The Indians took cover inf command and established his headquarters at Rock Island. Thither General Atkinson went with the regular troops, except that part of the First Infantry which constituted the garrison of Fort Crawford, with these Colonel Taylor returned to Prairie du Chien. After a short time it was reported that the Indians were on an island in the river above the prairie, and Colonel Taylor sent a Lieutenant (Lieutenant Davis) with an appropriate command to explore the island. Unmistakable evidence of t
son many of the troops became ill, and as the cause was obscure, it was thought prudent to remove them from the Cherokee to the Creek Nation, and Lieutenant Davis was detailed to superintend the change. He gave the following account of his service in a letter written in 1878: From Hon. Jefferson Davis to George W. Jones. In the beginning of 1833 I was one of the two officers selected from the First Infantry for promotion into the newly created regiment of dragoons, and left Prairie du Chien under orders for recruiting service in Kentucky. As soon as the Kentucky company was raised I returned to Jefferson Barracks, the rendezvous of the regiment. The first field officer who joined was Major Mason, he being the other officer who, with me, was selected from the First Infantry for promotion in the dragoons, and by him I was appointed adjutant of the squadron, composed of the first companies which reported. After other companies had joined, the colonel, Henry Dodge, came and
ieved, he sincerely thought all he said, and, moreover, could not understand any other man coming to a different conclusion after his premises were stated. It was this sincerity of opinion which sometimes gave him the manner to which his opponents objected as domineering. After the canvass for Mr. Polk had closed with his election, in the spring of 1845, Mr. Davis came down to Natchez for his wedding. On the steam-boat he met General Zachary Taylor for the first time since he left Prairie du Chien, and the general approached him most cordially An entire reconciliation took the place of the unexpressed but friendly regard which had never ceased to exist in all those years of mutual grief and separation. I had been quite ill, and could not then undertake the ceremony; but some three weeks afterward he came on a short visit, and we concluded to marry then. On February 26, 1845, at The briers, in the presence of my family and some of his, we were married. The Reverend David Pag
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