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hatch. Before the end of 1635, there were at least eighty-five houses in the New Town. Eastward from Holyoke (then called Crooked) Street ran Back Lane, while Braintree Street, deflecting southeastward, took the name of Field Lane. These two lanes, meeting near the present junction of Bow and Arrow streets, formed the highway into the Neck, running eastward as far as the site of Washington Square. Under the somewhat vague phrase, The Neck, was comprised the territory now covered by Cambridgeport and East Cambridge. It was divided into arable lots, and parceled among the inhabitants in severalty. The western part was cut up into small portions of from one to three acres, but to the eastward of the site of Hancock Street it was granted in large farms of from twenty to sixty acres. This region of the Neck was marked off and protected by a paling which ran—to use modern names—from Holyoke Place to Gore Hall, and thence to the line between Cambridge and Somerville at Line Street ne
The number of inhabitants in 1776 was said to have been only 1586, and at that time both Menotomy and the parish south of the Charles were parts of the town. Cambridgeport and East Cambridge could have been described in 1780, in conveyancer's language, as woodlands, pastures, swamps, and salt marsh. The little village practicall. For forty years thereafter the annual exercises of Commencement were held in the new church. It has been already stated that in 1818 land was purchased in Cambridgeport for an almshouse. A brick house was erected on it, which was first occupied in September, 1818. It was burned July 20, 1836, and temporary provision for the wer to modify the law under which the embargo proclamation had been issued. The War of 1812 followed. It continued the depression, and retarded the growth of Cambridgeport and East Cambridge. During these troubles the Cambridge Light Infantry was under arms for coast defense. The declaration of peace was the occasion of a great
eding to Somerville. On Quincy Street there was no house between Professors' Row and Broadway, and we used to play in what was said to be an old Indian cornfield, where the New Church Theological School now stands. Between Quincy Street and Cambridgeport lay an unbroken stretch of woods and open fields, and the streets were called roads,—the Craigie Road and the Clark Road, now Harvard Street and Broadway, each with one house on what was already called Dana Hill. Going north from my father'sy the region now called Harvard Square, because I knew it best; although it is worth remarking that the finest library in all Cambridge—that since bequeathed by Thomas Dowse, the leather dresser, to the Massachusetts Historical Society—was in Cambridgeport, and was constantly shown to strangers as a curiosity; and that not far from it stood our one artist's studio, that of Washington Allston. The children of Cambridge had the increased enjoyment of life that comes from country living. The f<
ods of the old town-meeting form of government were strained to meet the community needs of 12,490 people, and even then these needs were inadequately supplied. We are not now concerned, however, so much in the outward change in the form of government made by the people in 1846, as we are with the new conception of municipal life which had its birth at that time. The great increase in population and wealth in the years immediately preceding the charter year had taken place largely in Cambridgeport and East Cambridge. The tendency of the centre of population toward West Boston Bridge had always been regarded with ill favor by the conservative people who formed the colony around Harvard College, and when, in 1832, this tendency was emphasized by the erection of the new town-house on Norfolk Street and the consequent final adjournment of the town meeting from the Old Village to the Port, open and determined attempts to divide the town were made. These efforts to secede were met, on
Evangelicals have come to love unevangelicals, and unevangelicals to love evangelicals. Betwixt the so-called religious and the so-called nonreli-gious, as notably in the Prospect Union, the offensive lines have to a considerable extent disappeared. Betwixt Republicans, too, and Democrats, and Third Party people, and so forth, the same state of things has come to obtain. Those hateful lines, also, of local jealousy or antagonism between the original nuclei of the city, East Cambridge, Cambridgeport, North Cambridge, and Old Cambridge, have been largely obliterated, so that we have become one people. This has been the outcome of that great price of agitation and of united toil whereby we have obtained our newer freedom. Father Scully put it right, in a meeting to open the no-license campaign of 1894, when he stood up and said: The saloon seems to have been among us to keep us by the ears one against another. We Catholics did not like you Protestants, and you Protestants did not l
e, being then under the orthodox and soul-flourishing Ministry of Mr. Thomas Shepheard. In 1885 the City Council placed this ancient burial-ground in charge of the Board of Cemetery Commissioners. By their direction it was thoroughly renovated, ornamental trees and shrubs were planted, the gravestones were righted and otherwise put in a condition suitably becoming the resting-place of so many of our honored dead. About the year 1811, with the continued growth of East Cambridge and Cambridgeport, the old ground had become crowded, and more than once entirely filled; then an urgent call was made for another burial-place. Two and one fourth acres of ground were purchased on Broadway, at the corner of Norfolk Street. This was used nearly a half century, mostly by the inhabitants of those sections of the town, until the year 1854, when the present cemetery on Coolidge Avenue was laid out under the direction of a committee appointed by the city government. The services of consecr
was hopeless for them to enter there, like Margaret Fuller, of Cambridgeport, subsequently Countess Ossoli, who in 1816, at the age of six, from them. Children in our high and grammar schools [those of Cambridgeport and East Cambridge] are as decidedly delicate and respectful inschool classes being transferred to the central high school, in Cambridgeport, and the other classes remaining under the name of the Auburn Gmbridge High schools. In 1838 a high school was organized in Cambridgeport for the entire town, in a building erected for it at the cornerhe town high school for five years, drew its pupils mainly from Cambridgeport. In 1843, the Otis schoolhouse, quite a magnificent structuras opened October 4 of that year in the high school building of Cambridgeport, with Elbridge Smith as master and Miss N. W. Manning as assistong and fruitlessly sought to make the high school organized in Cambridgeport in 1838 a high school for the town rather than for Ward Two had
he Anti-Slavery Standard, editorial correspondent of the London Daily News, and later, in 1863, was joint editor, with Professor Charles Eliot Norton, of the North American Review. Another of the Abolition editors was Rev. J. S. Lovejoy of Cambridgeport, of The Emancipator; while Rev. Thomas Whittemore of this town was editor of The Universalist Magazine and of The Trumpet. But the list of Cambridge men who have been prominently known as journalists and editors and writers for magazines strcted life, and is the Nestor of Cambridge journalism. The Cambridge Tribune was founded in 1878 by Mr. D. Gilbert Dexter, the first issue appearing on March 7 of that year. Our local papers, the Chronicle and Press, were both published at Cambridgeport. The Tribune was the first newspaper especially identified with Old Cambridge, and it has continued to occupy its chosen field without competition, proving both the wise judgment displayed in selecting its home, and also that it has satisfac
ustained. A few years since a Reformed Episcopal Church was established in Cambridgeport. Following now the chronological order, early in the century, the Port, se on Massachusetts Avenue. The first Baptist church was formed in 1817, in Cambridgeport, and it is pursuing its work with vigor in Central Square and out from thatr more Baptist churches. The first Universalist church was established in Cambridgeport in 1822, though services under that name had been held in a schoolhouse forious, a second Congregational church was formed, the first of this order in Cambridgeport. This was in 1827. A meeting-house was built on Norfolk Street, and in 18ork to another part of the land. Other churches have been formed, three in Cambridgeport and one in North Cambridge, and there are thus six Congregational churches residents of the city have two Methodist churches and one Baptist church in Cambridgeport, and a mission on Plympton Street, and they are carrying on their useful wo
rks, which had been established, a number of Catholic families had gathered at Lechmere Point (or East Cambridge), in Cambridgeport, and Somerville, and on June 11 of that year Mr. Southwick secured a small parcel of land, twenty-five by one hundred He remained about two years, and during that time purchased land and commenced the erection of St. Mary's Church in Cambridgeport. In December, 1860, he resigned, and died soon after. For a number of months the parish was without a permanent pas reducing the parish of St. John's to its present dimensions, comprising the whole of East Cambridge and that part of Cambridgeport which lies between the Grand Junction Railroad, Windsor Street, and the Broad Canal. The number of the parishionerd. The Parish of St. Paul's Church, Mount Auburn Street. A few years after the erection of St. Mary's church in Cambridgeport, Father Dougherty saw the necessity of another church building to accommodate his rapidly increasing parishioners pro
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