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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), General Meade at Gettysburg. (search)
ed the action on our left, but at eight P. M. it was suddenly renewed on our right by General Ewell, who made a powerful attack on our lines with the divisions of General Early and General Johnson, the former at Cemetery Hill and the latter at Culp's Hill. General Howard, who held the ground at Cemetery Hill, succeeded in repulsing the enemy, with the assistance of Carroll's Brigade of the Second Corps, which had been sent to his support by General Hancock. At Culp's Hill, the extreme right waCulp's Hill, the extreme right was held by only one brigade of the Twelfth Corps, the remainder of that corps not having yet returned from the left. This brigade, commanded by General Greene, resisted the assault with great firmness, and, aided by Wadsworth's Division of the First Corps, finally succeeded in repulsing the enemy, who, however, advanced and occupied the breastworks on our furthest right, vacated by Geary's Division of the Twelfth Corps, which position they held during the night. Thus ended, at ten P. M., t
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The right flank at Gettysburg. (search)
opposing armies. About seven o'clock in the evening a line of Confederate infantry skirmishers moved along our front, covering their main column, which proved to be a portion of Johnson's Division of Ewell's Corps, advancing to the attack of Culp's Hill. Screened by Brinkerhoff's Ridge from the position occupied by the cavalry, the enemy were not, at first, observed by the pickets, but a party of Confederate officers, making a reconnoissance to the summit of the ridge where it crosses the Boered position, about two hundred yards off, and heavy firing was kept up until after nightfall. In the meantime, some of the artillery with the division was employed upon the columns of the enemy's infantry, which could be seen moving towards Culp's Hill in support of the bloody struggle for its possession. About ten o'clock in the evening, in accordance with orders from headquarters, General Gregg withdrew the skirmish line, substituting a picket line from the First New Jersey, and moved hi
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 12: Gettysburg. (search)
curve, east, and then southeast, to an elevation called Culp's Hill. On Culp's Hill and around this curve, and then south tCulp's Hill and around this curve, and then south to Round Top for three miles, was the Union battle line. Its shape has been not inaptly compared to a fish hook, with long siis extreme left was in front of Meade's refused right at Culp's Hill. Johnson's, Early's, and Rodes's divisions, in order narnoon. The Federal right was very strong. The woods on Culp's Hill enabled its defenders, with a multitude of axes and spad assault with his whole corps. Johnson on the slopes of Culp's Hill to start first, then Early up Cemetery Hill, and Rodes tt, and could not have sent troops to help Howard to hold Culp's Hill. Rodes reports: He had commenced to make the necessaick respectively. The Union flanks, five miles apart on Culp's Hill and the Round Tops, were almost impregnable and difficuleade told General Ewell, after the war, had he occu-pied Culp's Hill at 4 P. M., July 1st, it would have produced the with-dr
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Index. (search)
ate States, 86, 94. Confederates, large capture of, 335. Cooper, General, Samuel, 59; promoted, 133, 134. Corbin, Letitia, mentioned, 5. Cornwallis, Lord, 136. Cortez, Hernando, 31, 45. Couch, General, 206, 218, 229, 243, 244; succeeds Hooker, 254. Cox, General Jacob D., 116. Crampton's Gap, 205, 206. Crecy, the battle of, 420. Creole, a favorite horse, 34. Cromwell, Oliver, 34, 56. Crook, General, mentioned, 340, 350, 373- Culpeper Court House, 140, 179, 220. Culp's Hill, 274, 277, 284, 299. Cumberland Sound, Ga., 14, 15. Cushing, Lieutenant A. H., at Gettysburg, 296. Custer's cavalry division, 373. Custis, George Washington Parke, mentioned, 25, 65, 84; death of, 71; his will, 237. Custis, John Parke, 71. Custis, Mrs. G. W. P., death of, 51. Custis, Mary A. R., 25, 26. Dahlgren, Colonel, Ulric, death of, 324. Davis, Colonel B. F., mentioned, 203. Davis, Jefferson, mentioned, 52, 53, 54, 62, 95, 96, 108, 134, 149, 260; letter to Lee,
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 26: Gettysburg-First day. (search)
l Lee ordered the Second Corps, after night, from his left to his right, for work in that direction, but General Ewell rode over and reported that another point-Culp's Hill-had been found on his left, which had commanding elevation over Cemetery Hill, from which the troops on the latter could be dislodged, by artillery, and was unds during the night from the 1st to the 2d of July. When I left General Lee, about seven o'clock in the evening, he had formed no plans beyond that of seizing Culp's Hill as his point from which to engage, nor given any orders for the next day, though his desperate mood was painfully evident, and gave rise to serious apprehensionis own force on the field was the Second Corps, Rodes's, Early's, and E. Johnson's divisions from right to left through the streets of Gettysburg around towards Culp's Hill; on Rodes's right, Pender's division of the Third; on Seminary Ridge, R. H. Anderson's division of the Third (except Wilcox's brigade at Black Horse Tavern); be
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 27: Gettysburg-Second day. (search)
ttysburg, and the Twelfth Corps was reported near Culp's Hill. As soon as it was light enough to see, however,orts during the night and early morning to secure Culp's Hill had not been reported, and General Lee sent Colonutheast in an elliptical curve, with his right on Culp's Hill. At an early hour of the 2d the Union army was posted: the Twelfth Corps at Culp's Hill, extending its left to Wadsworth's division of the First; on Wadsworurve of the enemy's line, Johnson's division near Culp's Hill, Early's and Rodes's extending the line to the rieft, occupying part of the enemy's trenches about Culp's Hill, to be reinforced during the night of the 2d by ted over to reinforce the battle of Meade's left. Culp's Hill bore the same relations to the enemy's right as Lral Meade from defensive to aggressive battle for Culp's Hill. But the Confederates failed to see the opportunits commander, who, accounting for his work about Culp's Hill during the night of the 1st and morning of the 2d
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 16: Gettysburg (search)
en suggested that General Lee himself was responsible; that, coming late upon the field, he forbade the advance which his lieutenant would have made. Mr. Swinton goes so far as to say unqualifiedly that Ewell was even advancing a line against Culp's Hill when Lee reached the field and stayed the movement. Nothing could be less like Lee and nothing further from the truth. Colonel Taylor makes this full and explicit statement: General Lee witnessed the flight of the Federals through Gettysible tension, has not been the frontispiece. The next picture is of Latimer's Battalion, which, with splendid pluck but little judgment, had engaged in a most unequal artillery duel with the Federal batteries massed upon Cemetery Ridge and Culp's Hill. Never, before or after, did I see fifteen or twenty guns in such a condition of wreck and destruction as this battalion was. It had been hurled backward, as it were, by the very weight and impact of metal from the position it had occupied o
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Causes of the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg. (search)
's brigade reached the woods in which McLaws subsequently formed without being seen, but the collision that took place made the presence of Confederates in it known to the enemy, and it may have been this knowledge that caused Sickles to advance his line so as to rest its right along the Emmettsburg pike. McLaws was opposite Sickles' right; the left of his corps rested at Round Top, a mile or more to our right, and near the left of the Union army, its right being to the east and north of Culps' Hill. McLaws advanced about 6 P. M., and while engaged in a close musketry fight with Sickles, two brigades of AndersOn's division, Wilcox's and Perry's, assailed him in flank and rear, breaking his line at once, and forcing it back with loss and in confusion. Further to the right he fared no better, and his entire corps was driven back to the Ridge in rear. He had been in the meantime heavily reinforced, but all were driven back. The Sixth corps came upon the field at the close of the bat
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Leading Confederates on the battle of Gettysburg. (search)
ch I thought the best position for Johnson's division. I pointed out to him Culp's Hill as the proper position for Johnson, and I urged the propriety of pushing on at least one of Slocum's divisions had taken position immediately in rear of Culp's Hill, which it was designed Johnson should take. Before Johnson arrived all thou and probably was the fact, that Ewell had ordered him to take possession of Culp's Hill, then supposed to be unoccupied, when he ordered him to the position he reacast of Gettysburg, extending along Cemetery Hill and the adjacent heights to Culp's Hill, as my two brigades immediately confronted it, and it was peculiarly my dutyorps to the right, but, upon his representation of the feasibility of taking Culp's Hill without a fight, concluded to let us remain where we were. If I heard of thworks on the top of the hill while Johnson was yet fighting on the slopes of Culp's Hill. There was, then, no work by piece-meal, so far as Johnson and myself were
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Supplement to General Early's Review.-reply to General Longstreet. (search)
General Meade's, the witness adduced by General Longstreet to show that all the troops from Ewell's front except one brigade had been allowed, by Ewell's inaction, to be thrown against him, that only one brigade from that point arrived in time to take part in the action on the enemy's left, Meade adding: The enemy having been repulsed before the rest of the force came up. It was then on the extreme right from which troops were taken, so as to leave only one brigade there. This was at Culp's Hill and on the right of it (the enemy's), where the sides of the hill were wooded and exceedingly rugged. This part of the line confronted Johnson's division, while Cemetery Hill itself was held by the First and Eleventh corps, which Butterfield sbows in his testimony numbered more than 10,000 men on the 4th of July, after all the fighting on the 2nd and 3rd. In addition, the Second corps, Hancock's, was on the left of the Eleventh corps, connecting with it. That corps had three divisions,
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