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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Comanche Indians, (search)
Comanche Indians, A roving and warlike tribe of North American Indians of the Shoshone family who, when first known, inhabited the region from the headwaters of the Brazos and Colorado rivers to those of the Arkansas and Missouri, some of their bands penetrating to Santa Fe, in New Mexico, and to Durango, in Mexico. The Spaniards and the tribes on the central plains, like the Pawnees, felt their power in war from an early period. They called themselves by a name signifying live people, believed in one supreme Father, and claim to have come from towards the setting sun. The tribe is divided into several bands, and all are expert horsemen. The French in Louisiana first penetrated their country in 1718, buying horses from them, and in 1724 made a treaty with them. They were then numerous. One village visited by the French had 140 lodges, containing 1,500 women, 2,000 children, and 800 warriors. Until 1783, they had long and bloody wars with the Spaniards, when, their great war
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Texas, (search)
onal troops, under General Dana, with some war-vessels, had sailed for the Rio Grande. Banks, in person, accompanied the expedition. The troops debarked (Nov. 2) at Brazos Santiago, drove a small Confederate cavalry force stationed there, and followed them to Brownsville, opposite Matamoras, which Banks entered on Nov. 6. At the close of the year the National troops occupied all the strong positions on the Texan coast excepting Galveston Island and a formidable work at the mouth of the Brazos River, and the Confederates had abandoned all Texas west of the Colorado River. Notwithstanding the downfall of the civil and military power of the Confederacy east of the Mississippi, the insurgents west of it, under the command and influence of Gen. E. Kirby Smith, were disposed to continue the conflict longer. He addressed his soldiers on April 21, 1865, telling them that upon their prowess depended the hopes of the [Confederate] nation. He assured them that there were hopes of succor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Thomas, George Henry 1816-1870 (search)
Thomas, George Henry 1816-1870 Military officer; born in Southampton county, Va., July 31, 1816; graduated at West Point in 1840, and entered the artillery. He served in the Seminole War; was with General Taylor in the war with Mexico; and again fought the Seminoles in Florida in 1849-50. From 1851 to 1854 he was instructor of artillery at West Point, and was made major of cavalry in May, 1855. From 1856 to 1860 he served in Texas, and in a fight with the Indians near Brazos River was wounded. He was promoted colonel of the 5th Cavalry (Col. Robert E. Lee's old regiment) in May, 1861; and, having served awhile in the vicinity of the upper Potomac, was made brigadiergeneral of volunteers in August. From November, 1861, till March, 1862, he commanded a division of the Army of the Ohio, defeating the Confederates in the battle of Mill spring (q. v.) in January. At Corinth, Miss., he commanded the right wing of the Army of the Tennessee, and was second in command of the Army of
nd founds the colony for which his father, Moses Austin, received a grant from Mexico, on the Brazos River......July, 1821 He founds San Felipe de Austin as colonial town......1823 By decree of ed as to natives of the United States......April 28, 1832 Fort of Velasco at the mouth of the Brazos taken by Texans under John Austin......June 26, 1832 Nacogdoches retaken by Texans......Aug. April 13, 1833 Law passed forming Texas into one judicial circuit and three districts— Bexar, Brazos, and Nacogdoches......April 17, 1834 Legislature of Coahuila and Texas, in session at Monclov..Feb. 21, 1836 Declaration of independence adopted by a convention at Washington on the Brazos River......March 2, 1836 Alamo invested eleven days by Santa Ana; the garrison, under Colonel Tr1 Galveston surrendered to Commodore Renshaw......Oct. 8, 1862 Gen. N. J. T. Dana occupies Brazos, Santiago, and Brownsville with 6,000 soldiers from New Orleans......November, 1862 Confedera
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade), chapter 2 (search)
cost over fifty millions of dollars, and that they will make any sacrifice to save it. This looks plausible, and I trust it may be true, for if Vera Cruz is evacuated, we can march at once into the interior, and thus avoid the vomito, more to be dreaded than a dozen Mexican armies. General Scott has gone to the Island of Lobos, about forty miles south of here, where there is comparatively secure anchorage, and where the whole fleet of transports is to rendezvous. Nearly all the troops at Brazos had embarked when he left, and the embarkation is beginning here. I shall go with General Patterson, in the course of a few days, as soon as half of his command gets off. I continue well and in good spirits. I have enjoyed myself very much in Tampico, which is really an agreeable place, after the towns I have recently been in. The officers, about a week since, got up a picnic excursion on board a steamboat, which they induced some thirty ladies to attend. They were mostly the wives and
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Connecticut Volunteers. (search)
25-September 24. New Market Heights and Fort Harrison September 28-29. Chaffin's Farm September 29-30. Darbytown Road October 13. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Duty in trenches before Richmond till April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3. (First Infantry Regiment to enter city.) Moved to City Point April 18, thence to Point Lookout, Md., and duty there guarding prisoners till May 28. Moved to City Point May 28-30, thence sailed for Texas June 10, arriving at Brazos, Santiago, July 3. March to Brownsville and duty there till October. Mustered out October 24, 1865. At New Orleans October 27-November 11. Honorably discharged at New Haven, Conn., November 25, 1865. Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 44 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 152 Enlisted men by disease. Total 198. 30th Connecticut Regiment Infantry (Colored). Organized at Fair Haven (4 Cos.) March, 1864. Moved to Annapolis, Md. Consoli
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Indiana Volunteers. (search)
rd Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Gulf to March, 1864. Defenses of New Orleans, La., to December, 1864. Brazos, Santiago, Texas, U. S. Forces, Texas, to June, 1865. Dept. of Texas to February, 1866. Service. Moved to Green River, Ky., February 7, 1862, thence to t to New Orleans, La., February 21, and duty there till March 20. Veterans on furlough till May. Garrison duty at New Orleans till December 18. Ordered to Brazos, Santiago, Texas, December 18, and duty there till June 16, 1865. Expedition from Brazos, Santiago, May 11-14, 1865. Action at Palmetto Ranch May 12-13, 186Brazos, Santiago, May 11-14, 1865. Action at Palmetto Ranch May 12-13, 1865 (last action of the war). White's Ranch May 13. March to Ringgold Barracks, 260 miles up the Rio Grande June 16-28. Duty at Ringgold Barracks till July 24, and at Brownsville till February, 1866. Mustered out February 3, 1866. Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 32 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded
. Atchafalaya River September 9-10. Battle of Sterling's Plantation September 29. At Morganza till October 10, then moved to Carrollton. Expedition to Brazos, Santiago, Texas, October 27-December 2. Advance to Brownsville November 2-6 and duty there till July 24, 1864. Moved to New Orleans, La., July 24-August 7.10. Sterling's Plantation September 29. At Morganza till October 10, then moved to Carrollton. Expedition to Rio Grande, Texas, October 27-December 2. Brazos, Santiago, November 4. Point Isabel November 6. Duty at Brownsville, Point Isabel and Mustang Island till June 24, 1864. Moved to Brazos Santiago, thenceick till October 3. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 17. Expedition to New Iberia October 3-6 and to Vermillion Bayou October 8-30. Moved to Brazos, Santiago, Texas, November 22-26. At Matagorda Island and Indianola till March, 1864, and at Matagorda Island till June. Moved to New Orleans, La., and prov
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Kentucky Volunteers. (search)
n, 17th Army Corps, and built bridge over Bayou Pierrie May 2-3. Battles of Raymond May 12; Champion's Hill May 16; Big Black River May 27. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Moved to New Orleans August 5-27, and duty there till October 5. Western Louisiana Campaign October 5-November 1. Vermillion Bayou October 3 and 10. Moved to New Orleans November 1, thence to Brazos, Santiago, Texas, November 15-20, and to Aransas Pass November 21. Advance up coast to Pass Cavallo November 22-December 7. Constructed bridge 300 yards long across Cedar Bayou on November 25. At Pass Cavallo till April 19, 1864, building hospitals, signal stations, warehouses and wharves. Moved to Alexandria, La., April 19-29. Construction of dam at Alexandria April 29-May 10. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Mansura May 16. Yellow Bayou May 18-19. Moved to New Orle
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 34: the three races. (search)
fisheries. It is not so large a place as Kent, yet a swift rider would hardly cross it in a day. This fine demesne is the owner's big elephant: a source of cost and trouble which destroys his life. He has to pay the public tax on land. He has to hire men to guard his timber. Yet the place has never yet yielded him a cent. The ruin of the war, he says, added to the raids of Kiowas and Kickapoos, prevents the march of settlers towards the upper Brazos. But for the Negroes and Indians, Brazos would be a paradise. When these two plagues are gone, all parts of Texas will be as free from marauders as the neighbourhood of Dallas. My friend has reason to believe that Kiowas and Kickapoos hunt game in his preserves, that Mestizo herdsmen crop his grass, that White foresters cut and sell his wood. Yet how is he to charge them rent? His title to the land is perfect; but once, on going to see his place, he tells me, he received a notice to return the way he came, unless he wished t
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