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John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 1: secession. (search)
hese forts, arsenals, navy-yard, custom-houses, and other property, in many cases even before their secession ordinances were passed. This was nothing less than levying actual war against the United States, though as yet attended by no violence or bloodshed. The ordinary process was, the sudden appearance of a superior armed force, a demand for surrender in the name of the State, and the compliance under protest by the officer in charge-salutes to the flag, peaceable evacuation, and unmolested transit home being graciously permitted as military courtesy. To this course of procedure three exceptions occurred: first, no attempt was made against Fort Taylor at Key West, Fort Jefferson on Tortugas Island, and Fort Pickens at Pensacola, on account of the distance and danger; second, part of the troops in Texas were eventually refused the promised transit and captured; and third, the forts in Charleston Harbor underwent peculiar vicissitudes, to be specially narrated in the next chapter.
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
shop, 76 Hunter, General, David, commands Second Division, 174 Hunter, R. M. T., U. S. Sen.,Va., 25 Huttonsville, 147 I. Illinois, 127 Imboden, General, 185 Indiana, 127; volunteers, 128 Iverson, Secretary, 12 J. Jackson, Camp, 117; captured by General Lyon, 118 et seq. Jackson, Fort, 79 Jackson, General T. J. ( Stonewall ), 187 Jackson, Governor, 115 et seq., 119, 121 et seq., 124 Jackson, murderer of Ellsworth, 113 Jefferson City, 123 Jefferson, Fort, on Tortugas Island, 16 Johnston, General Joseph E, resigns from Federal army, 108; in command at Harper's Ferry, 158; destroys Harper's Ferry, 161; movements of, before Patterson, in the Shenandoah Valley, 162 et seq.; his march to Manassas, 168; in command at Bull Run, 182 et seq.; opinion of, on the battle of Bull Run, 211 Jones, Colonel (of the Massachusetts Sixth), 84 Jones, Lieutenant, 95 K. Kanawha, proposed State of, 146 Kanawha River, the Great, 141; vall
January 11. The Confederate troops burned two bridges on the Louisville and Nashville railroad, at points between Munfordville and Bowling Green.--Cincinnati Commercial. This morning three rebel boats from Columbus, Ky., attacked the gunboats Essex and St. Louis, lying off Fort Jefferson. A brisk engagement ensued for a short time, when the rebels retreated, and the national boats pursued until they reached the batteries of the enemy at Columbus.--(Doc. 13.) The First Maryland regiment, Colonel Kenly, are strongly entrenched at Old Fort Frederick, above Hancock, where they are frequently reconnoitered at a distance by small bodies of the enemy. The Colonel has sufficient ordnance to maintain himself there, as well as to command the railroad opposite.--Baltimore American, Jan. 14. The Florida Legislature has elected A. E. Maxwell and I. M. Baker to the Confederate Senate.--Sixty rebels, belonging to the regiment of Colonel Alexander, a prisoner in St. Louis, were
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 5: events in Charleston and Charleston harbor in December, 1860.--the conspirators encouraged by the Government policy. (search)
e Government did not begin actual hostilities, South Carolinians would keep the peace, for fear of provoking the other Cotton-producing States. If, on the contrary, the Government should provoke the South Carolinians to strike, those of the other States would join them. Mr. Buchanan also offered as a reason, that there were not sufficient troops at command, at any time, to garrison the forts. His mistake is apparent when we consider the ease with which Forts Sumter, Pickens, Taylor, and Jefferson held out with very small garrisons against all the forces that the insurgents could bring. Anderson could have held out in Sumter for a long time with less than one hundred men, if he had possessed food and water for them. It was on account of that refusal that Cass withdrew, December 14, 1860. after which the Cabinet was almost a unit in sentiment for about a fortnight, when, as we shall observe presently, there was a grand disruption of the ministry. For this patriotic act, the Charle
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 6: Affairs at the National Capital.--War commenced in Charleston harbor. (search)
with deliberation that which is written, execute quickly — the day is far spent, the night is at hand. Out names and honor summon all citizens to appear on the parade-ground for inspection. Frantic appeals were now made to the politicians of other Southern coast States to seize the forts and arsenals of the Republic within their borders. The organs of the South Carolina conspirators begged that Fort Pickens, and the Navy Yard and fortifications on the shores of Pensacola Bay, and Forts Jefferson and Taylor, at the extremity of the Florida Peninsula, might be seized at once — also Fort Morgan, near Mobile; for a grand scheme of piracy, which was inaugurated a hundred days later, was then in embryo. Speaking for those who, true to the instructions of their ancestral traditions, were anxious to revive that species of maritime enterprise which made Charleston so famous and so rich in far back colonial times, the Mercury shouted, Seize those forts, and then the commerce of the Nort
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 7: Secession Conventions in six States. (search)
h death. Before the Ordinance of Secession was passed, the Governor of Florida (Perry) made secret preparations, in conjunction with the Governor of Alabama, to seize the national property within the limits of the State. This consisted of Fort Jefferson, at the Garden Key, Tortugas; Fort Taylor, at Key West; Forts Pickens, McRee, and Barrancas, near the entrance to Pensacola Bay (a fine expanse of water at the mouth of the Escambia River), and the Navy Yard, at the little village of Warrington, five miles from the entrance to the Bay. He ascertained that the defenders and defenses of Forts Jefferson and Taylor were too strong for any force Florida might send against them, so he prudently confined his efforts to the harbor of Pensacola. He issued orders, immediately after the passage of the Ordinance of Secession, for the seizure of these forts and the Navy Yard, and disloyal men were in them ready to assist in the work. Fortunately, the command of the forts was in the hands of
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 12: the inauguration of President Lincoln, and the Ideas and policy of the Government. (search)
d men, and these were principally in the Western States and Territories, guarding the frontier settlers against the Indians. The forts and arsenals on the seaboard, especially those within the Slave-labor States, were so weakly manned, or really not manned at all, that they became an easy prey to the insurgents. The consequence was, that they were seized; and when the new Administration came into power, of all the fortifications within the Slave-labor States, only Fortress Monroe, and Forts Jefferson, Taylor, and Pickens, remained in possession of the Government. The seized forts were sixteen in number. The following are the names and locations of the seized forts:--Pulaski and Jackson, at Savannah; Morgan and Gaines, at Mobile; Macon, at Beaufort, North Carolina; Caswell, at Oak Island, North Carolina; Moultrie and Castle Pinckney, at Charleston; St. Philip, Jackson, Pike, Macomb, and Livingston, in Louisiana; and McRee, Barrancas, and a redoubt in Florida. They had cost the Go
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 15: siege of Fort Pickens.--Declaration of War.--the Virginia conspirators and, the proposed capture of Washington City. (search)
Affairs at Key West, 362. the secessionists watched forts Jefferson and Taylor re-enforced, 363. siege of Fort Pickens hernor of Florida had made secret preparations to seize Forts Jefferson and Taylor before the politicians of his State had passed an Ordinance of Secession. Fort Jefferson This fort covers an area of about thirteen acres, or nearly the whole of tey West, not far distant from the other. The walls of Fort Jefferson were finished, as to hight, and the lower tier of ports was completed, in the. Fort Jefferson in 1861. autumn of 1860; but the upper embrasures were entirely open; temporary saylor in 1861. this Fort is near Key West, and, with Fort Jefferson, commands the northern entrance to the Gulf of Mexico.lery, under Major Arnold, was disembarking from her at Fort Jefferson, then in command of Captain Meigs. This apparition cae Galveston to put about and disappear. Forts Taylor and Jefferson were now in a condition to resist the attacks of ten thou
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 7: military operations in Missouri, New Mexico, and Eastern Kentucky--capture of Fort Henry. (search)
n inexorable necessity. Preliminary to this grand advance, and for the double purpose of studying the topography of the country, and for deceiving the Confederates concerning the real designs of the Nationals, several reconnoissances, in considerable force, were made on both sides of the Mississippi River, toward the reputed impregnable stronghold at Columbus. One of these minor expeditions, composed of about seven thousand men, was commanded by General McClernand, who left Cairo for Fort Jefferson, and other places below, in river transports, on the 10th of January. 1862. From that point he penetrated Kentucky far toward the Tennessee line, threatening Columbus and the country in its rear. At the same time, General Paine marched with nearly an equal force from Bird's Point, on the Missouri side of the Mississippi, in the direction of Charleston, for the purpose of supporting McClernand, menacing New Madrid, and reconnoitering Columbus; while a third party, six thousand strong, u
3.116. Fort Fisher, expedition against under Gens. Butler and Weitzel and Admiral Porter, 3.476-3.481; second and( successful expedition against, 3.484-3.489; visit of the author to in 1866, 3.481. Fort Gaines, seizure of, 1.175; recapture of, 3.443. Fort Hatteras, capture of, 2.108. Fort Henry, operations of Grant and Foote against, 2.200-2.202; battle of, 2.203; capture of, 2.205. Fort Hindman, capture of, 2.581. Fort Jackson, surrender of to Captain Porter, 2.339. Fort Jefferson, re-enforcements thrown into, 1.363. Fort McAllister, bombardment of by Dupont, 3.190; capture of by Gen. Hazen, 3.412. Fort Macon, capture of, 2.312; visit of the author to in 1864, 2.313. Fort Marion, capture of, 2.322. Fort Morgan, seizure of by State troops, 1.174; sur; render of to Farragut, 2.443. Fort Moultrie, description of, 1.117; garrisons of transferred to Fort Sumter by Major Anderson, 1.129; seizure of by South Carolina troops, 1.137. Fort Norfolk, seizure
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