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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Calvert, Leonard (search)
airs. Separated by a furious tempest that swept the sea three days, ending with a hurricane which split the sails of the Ark, unshipped her rudder, and left her at the mercy of the waves, the voyagers were in despair, and doubted not the little Dove had gone to the bottom of the ocean. Delightful weather ensued, and at Barbadoes the Dove joined the Ark after a separation of six weeks. Sailing northward, they touched at Point Comfort, at the entrance to the Chesapeake, and then went up to Jamestown, with royal letters borne by Calvert, and received there a kind reception from Governor Harvey. They tarried nine days, and then entered the Potomac River, which delighted them. The colonists sailed up the river to the Heron Islands, and, at a little past the middle of March, landed on one of them, which they named St. Clement's. On the 25th they offered the sacrifice of the mass, set up a huge cross hewn from a tree, and knelt in solemn devotion around it. Going farther up, they enter
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), May, Cornelius Jacobsen (search)
May, Cornelius Jacobsen Colonial governor; commanded the Dutch tradingvessel Fortune on a trading excursion to Manhattan in 1613. The next year he coasted along New England to Martha's Vineyard. In 1620 he was on the coasts and rivers southward of Manhattan, in the ship Glad Tidings, visited Chesapeake Bay, and sailed up the James River to Jamestown. The bay at the mouth of the Delaware River the Dutch called New Port May, in compliment to their commander, and the southern extremity of New Jersey is still known as Cape May. In the spring of 1623, Captain May conveyed to Manhattan thirty families, chiefly Walloons,. in the ship New Netherland, with Adriaen Joris as lieutenant. May remained at Manhattan as first director or governor of the colony. He was succeeded by William Verhulst, second director of New Netherland, and returned to Holland. Excepting his career in America, little is known of his life.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newport, Christopher 1565- (search)
Newport, Christopher 1565- Navigator; born in England about 1565; commanded the first successful expedition for the settlement of Virginia, landing, April 30, 1607, at a place which he named Point Comfort because of his escape from a severe storm. On May 13 he arrived at Jamestown. He had been engaged in an expedition against the Spaniards in the West Indies not long before. He made several voyages to Virginia with emigrants and supplies. Before he returned to England for the last time he joined with Ratcliffe in an attempt to depose Captain Smith from the presidency of the colony. He was defeated, and acknowledged his error. Newport's manuscript work, called Discoveries in America, was published in 1860, by Edward Everett Hale, in Archaeologia Americana.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Powhatan, -1618 (search)
of one of Powhatan's daughters saved him, and through her influence friendship was maintained, with some interruptions, between the emperor and the English until Powhatan died. In 1608 Captain Newport came to Virginia with presents for Powhatan. Among these was a basin, a ewer, some clothes, and a crown for the dusky monarch, with orders for him to be crowned. Captain Smith was then president of the colony, and he, as special ambassador of the King of England, summoned the emperor to Jamestown to undergo the ceremony of coronation. Powhatan, with dignity, refused to go, saying, I also am a king; and if the King of England has sent me gifts, they should be brought to me; I shall not go to receive them. Newport went to Powhatan with the gifts. They were accepted; but no persuasions could induce the Indian monarch to kneel to receive the crown. Only by two Englishmen bearing down heavily upon his shoulders could he be brought to a position that might be considered as kneeling;
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Slavery. (search)
ivilege of supplying the Spanish colonies in America, South and Central, for thirty years, stipulating to deliver 144,000 negro slaves within that period. One quarter of the stock of the company was taken by King Philip V. of Spain, and Queen Anne of England reserved for herself the other quarter. So the two monarchs became great slave-dealers. The first slaves were introduced into the English-American colonies by a Dutch trader, who, in 1619, sold twenty of them to the settlers at Jamestown, Va. After that the trade between North America and Africa was carried on quite vigorously; but some of the colonies remonstrated, and in the Continental Congress, and also in the public mind, there was a strong desire evinced to abolish the slave-trade. Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick were banished from the colony of Massachusetts, in 1658, under penalty of death if they should return. Their crime was the embracing of the principles and mode of worship of the Quakers. Their two children
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Smith, John 1579-1632 (search)
e of the council. But he was rejected. After resting at Point Comfort, at the mouth of the James River, they went up that stream, and landed where they built Jamestown, and chose that for the seat of the new empire. Captain Smith, with Newport and twenty men, explored the James River as far as the falls, the site of Richmond, father's side, clasped the prisoner's head with her arms, and laid her own head on his (see Pocahontas). The emperor yielded, and Smith was released and sent to Jamestown with an escort, where he found only forty persons, and the stronger ones on the point of abandoning the settlement and escaping in the pinnace. He also found thths. He travelled in his boat about 3,000 miles, made friends of powerful chiefs, and arranged for future settlements around the Chesapeake. When he returned to Jamestown early in September, he found the settlers in confusion again, and three days afterwards he was chosen president of the council. Soon afterwards Newport came aga
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Society of colonial wars, (search)
counsel assisted in the establishment, defence, and preservation of the American Colonies, and were in truth the founders of this nation. With this end in view it seeks to collect and preserve manuscripts, rolls, and records; to provide suitable commemorations or memorials relating to the American Colonial period, and to inspire in its members the paternal and patriotic spirit of their forefathers, and in the community respect and reverence for those whose public services made our freedom and unity possible. Eligibility is confined to an adult male descendant of an ancestor who fought in battle under Colonial authority, from the settlement of Jamestown, Va., in 1607, to the battle of Lexington, in 1775, or who served as governor, deputy-governor, lieutenant-governor, member of the council, or as a military, naval, or marine officer in the service of the Colonies, or under the banner of Great Britain, or was conspicuous in military, official, or legis lative life during that period.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, (search)
Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean. It is limited in latitude by 37° 53′ to 39° 42′ N., the northern limit being the famous Mason and Dixon line, marking its division from Pennsylvania. In longitude it is limited by 75° 2′ to 79° 30′ W. Area, 12,210 square miles, in twenty-four counties. Population, 1890, 1,042,390; 1900, 1,188,044. Capital, Annapolis. Maryland is included in the grant of King James of England to the South Virginia colony......April 10, 1606 Capt. John Smith leaves Jamestown to explore the Chesapeake Bay, and discovers the mouths of the Susquehanna, Northeast, Elk, and Sassafras rivers at its head......July-August, 1608 Maryland included in the second charter to Virginia, which covered land from Point Comfort along the coast north for 200 miles, and south the same distance, and from sea to sea (Atlantic to the Pacific)......May 23, 1609 Royal license given to William Claiborne, one of the council and secretary of state of the colony in Virginia, by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
In their destitution the whole colony leave Jamestown for Newfoundland in their few small vessels;ts and supplies, and together they return to Jamestown......June 8, 1610 Lord Delaware the firstJohn Rolfe by the Rev. Alexander Whitaker at Jamestown......April 5, 1613 First establishment of 1619 Dutch man-of-war sells colonists at Jamestown twenty negroes......August, 1619 [This isg 140 miles on both sides of the river; only Jamestown and the nearest settlements saved, a convely......1676 He is captured on his way to Jamestown, tried before the governor and council, and is granted......June 5, 1676 Bacon leaves Jamestown......June, 1676 He returns with 600 men aand about 1,000 men, the governor returns to Jamestown......Sept. 7, 1676 Bacon marches to JamesJamestown and drives out the governor and his followers......Sept. 18, 1676 He burns Jamestown......SJamestown......Sept. 19, 1676 Governor Berkeley retires again to Accomac, while Bacon suddenly sickens of a mali[11 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colony of Virginia, (search)
ounded a settlement and built a village, which they named Jamestown, in compliment to the King. They gave the name of James e respect of the Indians, compelled them to bring food to Jamestown until wild-fowl became plentiful in the autumn, and thehe settlers to plough and sow. They refused, and, leaving Jamestown in disgust, he explored Chesapeake Bay and its tributary s and made a rude map of the country. Newport arrived at Jamestown soon after Smith's return in September, with seventy moremigrants, including twenty women and children, sailed for Jamestown in June, 1609. Gates and Somers embarked with Newport, acked on one of the Bermuda Islands. Seven vessels reached Jamestown. The new-comers were, if possible, more profligate than ls was reduced to sixty. The three commissioners reached Jamestown in June, 1610, and Gates determined to leave for Newfoundrom each of seven corporations or boroughs to assemble at Jamestown, July 30. These delegates formed a representative assemb