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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 7 (search)
quence, on the supposition I have already stated, that, distraught and demented with the failure, General Burnside continued in sheer desperation to throw in division after division, to foredoomed destruction. But while this may explain, it will not justify General Burnside's conduct. It would have been well for him had the failure of the first assaults, and the disclosures they made of the strength and position of the enemy, given him pause in their repetition. When General Warren at Mine Run, after viewing the enemy's line, which, like that at Fredericksburg, was manifestly impregnable, declined to throw away the lives that had been placed in his charge, preferring with a noble sense of honor and duty to sacrifice himself rather than his command, that instinct of right which is never absent in a generous people, appreciated the motive and applauded the act. Had General Burnside followed the like prompting, he would have saved his name from association with a slaughter the mo
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 8 (search)
e, it was because the Union commander allowed him so to do; and this voluntary act on the part of the latter devolves upon him the responsibility for all the consequences flowing therefrom. Chancellorsville, where Hooker had drawn up his forces, lies ten miles west and south of Fredericksburg, with which it is connected by two excellent roads—the one macadamized, the other planked. It stands in the midst of a region extending for several miles south of the Rapidan and westward as far as Mine Run, localized, in common parlance, as the Wilderness—a region covered with dense woods and thickets of black-jack oak and scrub-pines, and than which it is impossible to conceive a field more unfavorable for the movements of a grand army. But, advancing from Chancellorsville towards Fredericksburg, the country becomes more open and clear as you approach the latter place, and affords a fine field for the use of all arms. Now, there is evidence that General Hooker did not originally design t
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 10 (search)
rden of the day can never know much. Iii. Mine Run. Judging from the experience of such militarand he then planned an operation known as the Mine Run move—an operation which deserved better succeank of a small tributary of the Rapidan named Mine Run, which flows almost at right angles with the rative orders from General Meade, Sketch of Mine Run. they pushed forward with greater rapidity. Confederate force concentrated on the line of Mine Run, to bar progress beyond that point. Had thosed a barrier to Meade's advance; for though Mine Run crosses the two roads on which the army was tright being, in fact, at Bartlett's Mills, on Mine Run, and thence up to the Rapidan. But, by the d while some twelve hundred yards in front was Mine Run— a stream of no great width, but difficult fos found itself brought up against the line of Mine Run. Upon reaching this point the troops were ime army in winter quarters. The movement on Mine Run terminated for the season grand military oper
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 11 (search)
n the Rapidan and Rappahannock. The line of march of the Army of the Potomac, after crossing the Rapidan, led through that region known as the Wilderness, which extends a considerable distance southward from the river, and westward as far as Mine Run. It was along its gloomy margin that the bloody battle of Chancellorsville had been fought a twelvemonth before. Now General Grant did not expect to be brought to quarters in this difficult country, and the direction given the columns when theeade said to Warren, Sedgwick, and others standing by: They [the enemy] have left a division to fool us here, while they concentrate and prepare a position towards the North Anna; and what I want is to prevent those fellows from getting back to Mine Run. The main development of opposition having come from the force that showed itself against Griffin on the turnpike, an attack was ordered at that point—Wadsworth's division (also of Warren's corps) being disposed in line on the left of Griff
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Index. (search)
3; Gettysburg campaign, 326; campaign of manoeuvres, 373; Mine Run move, 398; in winter-quarters, 398; overland campaign, th at Chambersburg, Carlisle, Gettysburg, and York, 320; at Mine Run, 391; his corps captured at Sailor's Creek, 610. Exter, 220; marched to rejoin Longstreet at Culpepper, 317; at Mine Run, 391; death of, 603. Hill, General D. H., bombastic re5; withdraws across the Rapidan, 388; line of defences at Mine Run, 391; his positions on the Rapidan, 391, 416; method of d in Mina Run move, 391; pedantic orders of Halleck after Mine Run, 398; army in winter-quarters, 398; his strength on comme, Colonel, brilliant service at Chancellorsville, 287. Mine Run move, the, 390; sketch of the battle of, 393; Meade's plaoperations against Johnston, 45. Sedgwick, General, at Mine Run, 395; his death at Spottsylvania, 447; see also Chancellole, 286; at Cedar Run, 381; at battle of Bristoe, 383; at Mine Run, 393-396; capture of Weldon Railroad, 532; at movement on