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William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 14: the greatest battles of the war — list of victories and defeats — chronological list of battles with loss in each, Union and Confederate. (search)
hands of the enemy, it certainly should not claim a victory. In the following named battles the Union armies remained in undisturbed possession of the field, the enemy leaving many of their wounded, and most of their dead unburied: Rich Mountain, W. Va. Antietam, Md. Gettysburg, Pa. Williamsburg, Va. South Mountain, Md. Magnolia Hills, Miss. Crampton's Gap, Md. Kernstown, Va. Raymond, Miss. Mill Springs, Ky. Baton Rouge, La. Champion's Hill, Miss. Fort Donelson, Tenn. Iuka, Mrk. Losses, by battles.--Union Armies. Date. Engagements. Killed. Wounded, including mortally w'd. Captured and Missing. Aggregate. 1861.             June 10 Big Bethel, Va 18 53 5 76 July 5 Carthage, Mo 13 31 -- 44 July 11 Rich Mountain, W. Va 12 49 -- 61 July 18 Blackburn's Ford, Va 19 38 26 83 July 21 First Bull Run, Va 470 1,071 1,793 3,334 August 10 Wilson's Creek, Mo 223 721 291 1,235 Sept. 10 Carnifex Ferry, W. Va 17 141 -- 158 October 3 Greenbrier River<
Doc. 84.-battle of Rich Mountain, Va. Gen. McClellan's official report. Headquarters, Department of the Ohio, Rich Mountain, Va., 9 a.m., July 12, 1861. Col. E. D. Townsend: We are in possession of all the enemy's works up to a point in the right of Beverly. I have taken all his guns, a very large amount of wagons, tents, &c.--everything he had — a large number of prisoners, many of whom were wounded, and several officers prisoners. They lost many killed. We have lost, in all, perhaps twenty killed and fifty wounded, of whom all but two or three were in the column under Rosecrans, which turned the position. The mass of the enemy escaped through the woods, entirely disorganized. Among the prisoners is Dr. Taylor, formerly of the army. Col. Pegram was in command. Colonel Rosecrans's column left camp yesterday morning, and marched some eight miles through the mountains, reaching the turnpike some two or three miles in rear of the enemy, defeating an advanced post, a
ersection the rebels made strong intrenchments. The one on the road to Buckhannon is called Rich Mountain Camp, and the other towards Phillippa, Laurel Hill Camp, both under the general command of Garnett, of Virginia, though he remained at Laurel Hill, appointing Col. Pegram to command at Rich Mountain. Beverly, at the junction of the two roads, was not fortified. The intrenchments at Rich Hby the rebels badly enough. The jail at Beverly was full of them. On hearing the defeat at Rich Mountain, they were taken out and sent to Staunton, twenty-five of them. One Union woman was in the izens here say that there were nearly 3,000 of them. One of the regiments was on its way to Rich Mountain to reinforce the forts, and within three miles of its destination, when they heard the guns d finding the road blocked by McClellan's advance, united with those that had been routed at Rich Mountain, and turned back and struck off on the Leading Creek Pike, half a mile this side of Leedsvil
ccount alluded to, but we do remember that in his first essay with the army of Egypt he was invited by the Turks to walk up to a deliberately constructed range of batteries and be slaughtered; but that — in a cowardly sort of manner, perhaps — he chose to go around the spot where they were planted with so much care, and the result was, that he slew some thousands of the Turks, and broke their power completely for all time. Valor is a very good thing, doubtless, but we greatly prefer the Rich Mountain sort — the McClellan and Rosecranz school of tacticians — to that which is in vogue lower down on the Potomac, especially where the purpose of those on the line of the advance is to disorganize and conquer — not slay — with the remembrance that those who are opposed to them are people of the same country. That a more overwhelming disaster has not been the consequence of all this management — this helter-skelter rush to Richmond --is rather remarkable than otherwise. Nearly two
sixteen miles, which place we came within three miles of, when we found that a very formidable blockade had been erected, which we could not pass, and, therefore, had to march back on the route we had previously come, to a road that led to the northeast, towards St. George, in Tucker County, which we entered early in the morning. (Here I would state, in the way of parenthesis, that it was the object of General G. to form a connection with Colonels Pegram and Heck, who were stationed at Rich Mountain, and move on Cheat Mountain, via Huttonsville; but the enemy, it seems, cut us off, and got between the two commands, and had our small force almost completely surrounded.) Thus, you will see, our command, composed of four companies of cavalry, Captain Shoemaker's Danville Artillery, Colonel William B. Taliaferro's Twenty-third regiment, Colonel Jackson's regiment, Colonel Fulkerson's Thirty-seventh regiment, and the Georgia regiment, Col. Ramsey, and a small battalion under Colonel Hans
Retribution.--There was an instance of just retribution for treason at Rich Mountain. The Hon. John Hughes, of Beverley, a member of the Virginia Secession Convention at Richmond, heard by some means that our troops were endeavoring to turn the flank of the rebels. He mounted a horse and sped up the hill rapidly, to carry the information to Col. Pegram. When near the summit he was hailed by pickets. Supposing they were Federal pickets, he cried out, Hold, I am a Northern man. The next instant he fell into the road a corpse, riddled by thirty balls. He had lied, and his own friends, the rebels, whom he was striving to save, believing they were his enemy, put an end to his career.--Louisville Journal, Aug 1.
Adjutant W. E. Ludlow did his whole duty, and rendered me valuable assistance during the day. Assistant-Surgeon C. S. Perkins, and the Rev. Dr. Dougherty, Chaplain of the Tenth regiment, rendered valuable service in their unrelenting attention to the wounded. Quartermaster Oliver S. Rankins, and Nelson B. Smith, of the same department, are entitled to great credit for the prompt manner in which they brought up and supplied the men with cartridges. Commissary-Sergeant David B. Hart, our Rich Mountain guide in the three months service, was present and in the line of his duty. Fife and Drum-Majors Daniel and James Conklin, shouldered muskets and fought valiantly during the early part of the engagement, after which they were of great service in carrying off and attending to the wounded. Capts. Hamilton, Boyle, J. F. Taylor, Carroll and Shorter, the three young tigers, were through the entire battle, where none but the brave and gallant go, and continually pressed forward with their
e Richmond Examiner: The independent conduct of your journal emboldens me to venture a criticism upon the late reverses at Fort Henry and Roanoke Island, which may be grating to ears polite, but is rendered necessary by the condition of the country. It is high time that these surrenders should cease. for, considering the character of the war in its consequences to us, they have been truly amazing, commencing with that of the cavalry at Alexandria down through that of Col. Pegram, at Rich Mountain, that of Com. Barron, at Hatteras, etc., etc., to the present lamentable instances. At Fort Henry a Brigadier-General, unwounded, having a garrison almost intact, lowers his flag over a dozen guns of the largest calibre, and with a hackneyed compliment, yields up his bloodless sword. How withering and humiliating to our Southern manhood was the sorrowful reply of the Yankee Commodore. That the general should have neglected to make preparation for preventing the enemy from ascending
reaching the summit of the hill, I ordered a halt in order to bring my artillery in position on the road leading to Huntsville, my left resting at Elkhorn Tavern. Here Col. Benton, with five companies of the Eighth Indiana, and a section of artillery, who had been kept back, guarding the road leading from Cross Hollows, joined their command. Much to their chagrin, and that of their gallant commander, the enemy did not give them an opportunity to add new laurels to those already won at Rich Mountain. The division lost during the engagement sixty killed, two hundred and seventy wounded, and eight missing. Total killed, wounded and missing, three hundred and thirty-eight. It affords me pleasure to be able to bear testimony to the prompt and efficient manner in which the brigade commanders, Cols. Pattison and White, conducted their brigades throughout the entire engagement. The regimental commanders, Col. Benton, Eighth Indiana, Col. Hendricks, Twenty-second Indiana, and Lieut.-
no more Flash victory where the cannon roar; And lay the battered sabre at his side, (His to the last, for so he would have died!) Though he no more may pluck from out its sheath The sinewy lightning that dealt traitors death. Lead the worn war-horse by the plumed bier-- Even his horse, now he is dead, is dear! Take him, New-England, now his work is done. He fought the Good Fight valiantly — and won. Speak of his daring. This man held his blood Cheaper than water for the nation's good. Rich Mountain, Fairfax, Romney — he was there. Speak of him gently, of his mien, his air; How true he was, how his strong heart could bend With sorrow, like a woman's, for a friend: Intolerant of every base desire: Ice where he liked not; where he loved, all fire. Take him, New-England, gently. Other days, Peaceful and prosperous, shall give him praise. How will our children's children breathe his name, Bright on the shadowy muster-roll of fame! Take him, New-England, gently; you can fold No purer p
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