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settling on this spot. We apprehend it is very much to-day what it was two hundred years ago. The tide rises about twelve feet at the bridge, and about eight at Rock Hill; but it rises and falls so gently as not to wear away the banks, even when ice floats up and down in its currents. The first record we have concerning it is S, about two rods west of the brook. It rises in Bear Meadow. Marble Brook, now called Meeting-house Brook, crosses High Street about forty rods north-east of Rock Hill. In spring, smelts resort to it in great numbers. The brook or creek over which Gravelly Bridge is built was called Gravelly Creek, but more lately Pine Hillthan half a century, as our favorite look-out, it has charms indescribably dear, and we regard it somewhat as we do an ancient member of a family. Its neighbor, Rock Hill, on the border of the river, is a barren rock, so high as to overlook the houses situated at the east, and to afford a most delightful view of West Cambridge.
ks. Soon the population stretched westward to Mystic Pond; and, when the inhabitants came to build their first meeting-house, they found the central place to be Rock Hill; and there they built it. The West End was very early settled as the best land for tillage. It is natural to ask, by what right our Medford ancestors held thefrom Lynn, 1615, and took up his abode on Mystic River, where he was killed in 1619. During his short and eventful residence in Medford, his house was placed on Rock Hill, where he could best watch canoes in the river. Winslow gives the following account:-- On the morrow (Sept. 21, 1621), we went ashore, all but two men, and nt, Mr. Davison, had become so settled as to build a ship on the bank of the Mystick. The place probably was where Mr. Calvin Turner built his first ship, or at Rock Hill. Providing his fishermen with vessels as fast as possible must have made Medford a place of brisk trade and commercial consequence. These first movements of Mr
in a yard owned by Thomas Brooks, Esq. That yard was near Mystic River, about half-way between Rock Hill and the Lowell Railroad Bridge. In that yard, Samuel Francis made bricks as early as 1750, anly. These yards were situated near Middlesex Canal and the river, about south-south-east from Rock Hill. The next in order of age were the yards opened in 1810 by Nathan Adams, Esq. They were sitled lighters, fit for the river navigation, were built in very early times at the landing near Rock Hill, in West Medford. At a later day, one of these was built there by Mr. Rhodes, of Boston, and . John Cutter fished near the Dike, or Labor in Vain; Isaac Tufts fished from the Bridge to Rock Hill; and Captain Samuel Teel and his nephew, from Rock Hill to the Pond. The names of the fishermRock Hill to the Pond. The names of the fishermen are seldom given in the records. Charles, Simon, and Seth Tufts are there. In 1812, the fishermen paid one hundred dollars for the right. The average, for twenty years, has been two hundred and
rer, as early as 1745, and was sold by him to Hezekiah Blanchard, who added a large dancing-hall to it, and called it Union Hall. He left it to his son Hezekiah, who continued it a tavern till his death. The fourth tavern was at the foot of Rock Hill, at the West End, and sometimes called the Rock Hill Tavern. Among its keepers were Messrs. Usher, Wesson, Frost, and Putnam. It was a favorite resort for teamsters, and gained great popularity. The new house, built by Mr. Jonathan Porter i tombs built in 1767 by private gentlemen. Benjamin Floyd was the builder. They are those nearest the front gate, on its western side, and are under the sidewalk of the street. The bricks of which they are built were made in the yard west of Rock Hill. The common price of a tomb has been one hundred and two dollars. Though many new tombs had been built, and some little additional space secured in the old burying-ground, still there was need of further accommodations for burial; and the t
ic coach between Medford and Boston, without overturning it. The fare was thirty-seven and a half cents for many years; but competition reduced it to twenty-five. 1808.--In the public school, an assistant teacher is provided for the first time. 1808.--Digging for hidden money, near the Rock landing, was three times repeated by (as is said) Mr. James Francis, of Medford, and Mr. James Hall, of Charlestown. We remember seeing the three excavations. The first, on the southern brow of Rock Hill, was a hole four feet deep and four feet in diameter, and was enclosed within a small circular furrow dug in the earth. The work was done in the night. The second, in Mr. Jonathan Brooks's land, was within thirty feet of the river, and was small in circumference, and quite deep. The third was within ten feet of the river, by the bathing-rock. It disclosed a cave walled up on each side, and arched; its length about six feet, its width three, and its height three. The rocks were red, and
. Johnston. Telegram. Raleigh, N. C., March 24th, 1865:1.35 P. M. Genl. S. D. Lee, at Chester, S. C. (or to be forwarded): General Johnston desires you to urge forward your troops as rapidly as possible. On reaching the Charlotte Railroad, marching should continue by troops not taken up until they meet train coming for them. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Raleigh, N. C., March 26th, 1865: 12 M. Lieut.-Genl. S. D. Lee, care of Capt. Buck, A. A. G., at Fort Mills, Rock Hill, or Chester, S. C.: From Newberry you should have reached railroad at Blackstocks or Chester, where instructions were sent you. I will order cars to meet you at Catawba bridge. Troops must continue to march along railroad, and trains will take up the first they meet with. Major E. Willis, at Salisbury, my chiefquartermas-ter, will attend to your transportation wants. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Chester, March 27th, 1865. To Genl. Beauregard: I have crossed nearly all
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Additional Sketches Illustrating the services of officers and Privates and patriotic citizens of South Carolina. (search)
f absence to procure his own horse and equipments. While thus engaged the end came, and he was soon afterward paroled at Charlotte. After the war he resided at Rock Hill until 1888, and then removed to Columbia, where he holds the positions of treasurer of two prominent cotton manufacturing companies, and president of the Palmetlomew's church, Pittsboro. In 1881 the church at Chapel Hill was added to his charge. In 1884 he removed to South Carolina and became rector of the churches at Rock Hill and Yorkville, and in 1889, making his home at Columbia, he was put in charge, by Bishop Howe, of a mission among the negroes. From this he was promoted, in 18 which he was very successful. In 1877 he removed to Transylvania county, N. C., where he engaged in farming; in 1888 returning to South Carolina, he located at Rock Hill, where he organized the Rock Hill machine works. In 1895 he re-entered the insurance business and two years later he again made his home in Charleston, where he
., 26. Robertson Tavern, Va., II, 346. Robertson's Battery, I., 281. Robertson's Ford, Va., III., 36. Robinson, J. C.: III., 54; X., 225, 296. Robinson, J. S., X., 233. Robinson, W., VI., 301. Robinson House, Bull Run, Va. , I., 157. Roche, J. J., IX., 204 seq. Roche, T. G., I., 42. Rock of Chickamauga, name given to General Thomas, II., 288; X., 122. Rock Creek, D. C., V., 94; VIII., 98. Rock Creek, Pa., II., 238. Rock Hill, Va., IV., 243. Rock Island, Ill.: arsenal at, V., l46; prison, VII, 44, 66, 82, 168. Rock Spring, Ga., VI., 147. Rockbridge Artillery, of Virginia, V., 713. Rockville, Md. II., 344. Rockwood, G. G., I. 46, 48 seq. Rocky face, Ga., II, 350. Rocky face Gap, Ga., III., 108. Rocky face Ridge, Ga., III., 108, 318. Rocky Gap, Ky., II., 336, 342. Roddey, P. S., X., 253. Rodenbough, T. F.: quoted, III., 100; IV., 7, 16; quoted, IV.
atriotic deeds of Sarah Bradlee Fulton. Devoted to the memory of her greatest son, John Brooks. Her history is replete with interest; her record is honorable. Into the Civil War she sent 769 Union soldiers. She has ever been foremost in the cause of education. The Keels of Medford-built ships have ploughed every sea. On the banks of the Mystic shipbuilding flourished seventy years. Responded with her Minute men to the call in 1775. Indian Chief Nanepashemit lived on Rock Hill, 1615. Cradock House built in 1634 still stands in good condition. Admitted to have one of the finest High School Buildings. Lydia Maria Child born in house occupied by Historical Society. Saw her favorite son seven times Governor of Massachusetts. On College Hill stands Tufts College, opened in August, 1855. City charter adopted 1892; City Government organized January, 1893. In natural beauties of woods and hills is well favored. Enjoys the distinction of being a c
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 7., Some old Medford houses and estates. (search)
reet opposite the house. Stephen and Thomas Hall received the old house of their father, John Hall, senior, as a part of their share of his estate. Stephen received the easterly half and Thomas the westerly half. Stephen built himself a new house just east of the old house. In later years it was known as the Huffmaster House. Thomas' new house stood just west of Allston street. In 1684, Mr. Stephen Willis sold to Mr. John Bradshaw ten acres of land, including what is now known as Rock Hill. The old house on the corner of Hastings lane and High street was probably built by Mr. Bradshaw prior to the year 1700. It is a very old house. In 1685, Mr. John Whitmore sold to Mr. Bradshaw three-fourths of an acre of land, the land being that upon which his dwelling house stands. This land was bounded east upon the country road; north and south on Thomas Willis. This house stood on the westerly side of Woburn street, near the northerly corner of the Lucy Ann Brooks estate. T
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