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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 10 0 Browse Search
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1 10 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 6 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 6 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 6 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays 4 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 4 0 Browse Search
Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters 4 0 Browse Search
Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe, Florence Howe Hall, Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910, in two volumes, with portraits and other illustrations: volume 1 4 0 Browse Search
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison 4 0 Browse Search
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Doc. 186.-Clayton's raid in Arkansas. A National account. Helena, Arkansas, May 15, 1863. Having been along with the expedition that has just returned from White River, Bayou de Vieu, and Saint Francis, I will endeavor to give you a slight sketch of the most important incidents, and of the battle at Mount Vernon, Saint Francis County, between Colonel Carter's Texas Rangers and the Fifth Kansas cavalry, under Lieutenant-Colonel Jenkins. On the morning of the sixth ultimo, an expedition left this point, having for its object the thorough scouring of the country lying west, to the White River, north to Bayou de Vieu, and east to the Saint Francis, the destruction of all forage likely to subsist the enemy, and ascertaining the whereabouts of General Price's forces, who were reported as marching upon this place from Little Rock. The troops comprising this expedition were the Fifth Illinois cavalry, four hundred men; the Fifth Kansas cavalry, three hundred and twenty-fiv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), California (search)
led with gold and Pearls—suited the actual condition of the region explored. Although parts of the present territory of the State are believed to have been discovered about 1534, settlements in Old or Lower California were first made in 1683 by Jesuit missionaries. New or Upper California was discovered later, and the first mission there (San Diego) was planted in 1768. For many years the government of California, temporal and spiritual, was under the control of monks of the Order of St. Francis. It was not until about 1770 that the Bay of San Francisco was discovered, and in 1776 a mission was established there. At the beginning of the nineteenth century eighteen missions had been established in California, with over 15,000 converts. The Spanish power in California was overthrown by the Mexican revolution in 1822, when the government was permanently secularized. In 1843-46 many thousand emigrants from the United States settled in California; and when the war with Mexico bro
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Deane, James, 1748-1823 (search)
Deane, James, 1748-1823 Missionary to the Six Nations; born in Groton, Conn., Aug. 20, 1748; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1773. From the age of twelve years he was with a missionary in the Oneida tribe of Indians, and mastered their language. After his graduation he went as a missionary to the Caughnawagas and St. Francis tribes for two years; and when the Revolution broke out, Congress employed him to conciliate the tribes along the northern frontier. He was made Indian agent and interpreter at Fort Stanwix with the rank of major. He was many years a judge in Oneida county, and twice a member of the New York Assembly. Mr. Deane wrote an Indian mythology. He died in Westmoreland, N. Y., Sept. 10, 1823.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Junipero, Miguel Jose Serra 1713-1784 (search)
Junipero, Miguel Jose Serra 1713-1784 Missionary; born in the island of Majorca, Nov. 24, 1713; entered the Order of St. Francis in 1729; was sent to Mexico in 1750, where he was asigned to labor among the Indians of Sierra Gorda. When the Jesuits were expelled from Lower California in 1767, the Franciscans, under Junipero, were appointed to take charge of all the California missions. He founded the following missions: San Diego, Cal., July 16, 1769; San Carlos, at Monterey, June 3, 1770; San Antonio, July 14, 1771; San Gabriel, near Los Angeles, Sept. 8, 1771; San Luis Obispo, Sept. 1, 1772; San Francisco, June 27, 1776; San Juan Capistrano, Nov. 1, 1776; Santa Clara, Jan. 18, 1777; San Buenaventura, March 31, 1782. He died in Monterey, Cal., Aug. 28, 1784.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rogers, Robert 1727-1800 (search)
Rogers, Robert 1727-1800 Military officer; born in Dunbarton, N. H., in 1727. Raising a corps of rangers, he was commissioned a major, and he and his men became renowned for their exploits during the French and Indian War. In 1759 he destroyed the Indian village of St. Francis, and in 1760 was sent by General Amherst to take possession of Detroit and other Western posts ceded to the English by the French. Going to England, he there published his journal, which he presented to the King, who, in 1765, made him governor of Michilimackinac (Mackinaw); but he was shortly afterwards sent to Montreal, in irons, to be tried on a charge of a design to plunder the fort and join the French. He was acquitted, went to England, was presented to the King, and was soon afterwards imprisoned for debt. Released, he went to Algiers and fought in two battles for the Dey. Returning to America, he joined the royalists on the breaking out of the Revolutionary War, and raised the famous corps know
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
he Spanish, and seeking revenge for the French, he surprises the Spanish, destroys Fort San Mateo, and sets sail for France......May 3, 1568 Menendez, having returned, spends a few years in Florida, then leaves the government to his relative, Marquis de Menendez, and again goes to Spain......1572 Sir Francis Drake lands at St. Augustine and destroys the fort which the Spaniards abandoned, but rebuilt immediately after his departure......May 8, 1586 Twelve brothers of the Order of St. Francis sent to Florida to continue the mission on the island of Guale......1593 Son of the chief of Guale incites a general conspiracy, and the missionaries are massacred......1598 War between the Spanish and Apalachee Indians, who are conquered, and a large number set to work on the fortifications of St. Augustine......1638 Diego de Rebellado succeeds to the house of Menendez as captain-general of Florida......1655 St. Augustine pillaged by buccaneers under Capt. John Davis, an Engl
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 4: pictures of the struggle (search)
re the caverns of Antislavery controversy strewn with fragments of such marble as this? I know that Emerson used to say that eloquence was dog-cheap at Anti-slavery meetings; but I did not expect to find gestures so sublime or episodes so moving. The figures of Hebrew historyof Jacob and Joseph, of Nathan and David, of Hagar and Ishmael — rise before us in their solemn, soul-subduing reality; and are one in spirit with these Anti-slavery scenes. My shelves are lined with books about Saint Francis of Assisi; my walls are papered with photographs of men of genius in Florence, and of saints in Sienna. I desire also to remember the saints of New England. We Americans are digging for art and for intellect in Troy, in Sardis and in Egypt. Let us sometimes also dig in the old records of our own towns; and, while doing so, let us pray that mind be given us to understand what we bring to light. In the year following his interview with May (1836), Dr. Channing published his famous p
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Epilogue (search)
also knew how to obey but could not explain. Our young people express by their conduct a more potent indictment of the cultivation and science of the older, dying epoch than could be written with the pen of Ezekiel. The age has nothing in it that satisfies them: they therefore turn away from it: they satisfy themselves elsewhere. In so doing they create a new age. The deeper needs of humanity can only be met slowly. It required several hundred years for the meaning and importance of St. Francis to become apparent. To his contemporaries he seemed to be a disciple sent to the poor; yet his influence ultimately qualified the art and letters, and tinged the philosophy of life of several centuries. All these new saints of ours.-new Christians, and loving persons who crowd the slums, and rediscover Christ in themselves and in others-lack power to explain; they merely exist. Through them, or rather through the heart which they infuse, literature and intellect will return, art and
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 12: Catholic missions. (search)
his flesh. One day his neck was under foot of king and friar, next day under that of judge and general; and of these four tyrants, he found the judge and general far less mindful of his rights than priest and king. As one of the converts of St. Francis, he was lodged and fed; but since his year of freedom, he has been a beggar and an outcast in the land of which he was once a prince. At Santa Clara lay the camp and refuge of a band of brethren, who in pious zeal, without an eye to their oo make a fortune, or to thrive at court. Reports were sent from other missions to Santa Clara; every rescript and command was issued from Santa Clara. Santa Clara was the court and capital of this Franciscan Commonwealth. The brethren of St. Francis failed to establish a sacred Commonwealth in Upper California, and their work has passed into other and stronger hands. They failed, as the English church failed in Ireland, as the Sept-Insular Republic failed in Greece, from lack of national
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 13: the Jesuits. (search)
ptains must be learned men. So far the Jesuit fathers see their way. In taking such a line, how far are they returning to the ground on which the brethren of St. Francis staked and lost their cause? We pace the Franciscan garden, the old fountain still playing, the old olive trees bearing fruit. This garden is an idyl. Noteur Fathers taught the native how to till his soil and gather in his grain. At Santa Clara we have other things to do. The native race, for whom the brethren of St. Francis toiled, is all but gone. Our conflict lies in other fields. Varsi is right. His conflict lies in other fields than that in which Fray Tomas the Franciscan decessor, Padre Giovanni Nobili, came to Santa Clara shortly after the gates were opened to our exiles. There was some confusion in the place. The brethren of St. Francis, having just come back, were trying to oust the settlers from their farm and c.lttle-runs. Right lay with the brethren, law with the settlers. Most of the in
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