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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Lee's West Virginia campaign. (search)
adow Bluff about the 7th of October, where he found Floyd. Meadow Bluff is a small village near the eastern base of Sewell Mountain. Floyd had proposed making a stand there, but Wise had halted on the top of the mountain, five miles in rear, whereve been able to strike both Wise and Floyd in detail. General Lee found General Wise occupying the eastern crest of Sewell Mountain; being satisfied with the position, he determined to hold it, and give battle to Rosecrans if he persisted in advancion to continue the aggressive. General Floyd and others, who had a good knowledge of the routes in the vicinity of Sewell Mountain, reported to General Lee a practicable route for artillery and infantry leading about ten miles to the rear of the Fdy fallen, and the roads had become almost impassible. General Lee therefore determined to withdraw the troops from Sewell Mountain. About the 1st of November the different columns were sent to their various destinations. The campaign had been pr
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 6: the campaign in West Virginia. (search)
loyd's position, but was repulsed. Floyd then crossed the Gauley, followed by Rosecrans, and with Wise fell back to Sewell Mountain, the latter remaining on its eastern front, while the former fell still farther back to Meadow Bluff, eighteen milesm the evil to come. May God have mercy on us all! And on the 26th of the same month he writes from his camp on Sewell Mountain: I told you of the death of Colonel Washington. I grieve for his loss, though I trust him to the mercy of our heaven. The rapid approach of winter and the rainy season terminated the campaign in this section. In a letter dated Sewell Mountain, October 7, 1861, General Lee tells Mrs. Lee that at the time of the reception of her letter the enemy was threatenisive movement against Rosecrans the elements of success were against him. The naturally strong, elevated position on Sewell Mountain, made still stronger by the methods of an engineer of such great ability as Rosecrans, could not have been easily ca
223. Lake Providence, attempt to cut a channel to, 2.586. Lander, Gen., operations of in Western Virginia, II 867. Last battle of the war, 3.580. Lawrence, Quantrell's massacre at, 3.215. Lebanon, the guerrilla Morgan at, 3.93. Lee, Gen. A. L., in the Red River expedition, 3.254. Lee, Gen. Robert E., appointed general-in-chief of Virginia forces, 1.422; in command in Western Virginia, 2.92; operations of, 2.98; repulsed at Elk Water, 2.99; concentrates his forces on Sewell Mountain, 2.100; succeeds Johnston in command of the Confederate forces at Richmond, 2.414; his invasion of Maryland, 2.464-2.482; his return to Virginia, II 483; his preliminary movements for the invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania, 3.50; in Pennsylvania 3.54; his approach to Harrisburg, 3.57; concentrates at Gettysburg, 3.57; compelled to retreat after a three days battle, 3.74; recrosses the Potomac into Virginia, 3.75; at Culpepper Court-House, 3.99; pursuit of by Sheridan and Grant after
ted loss was comparatively small. Colonel John A. Washington, aide-de-camp of General Lee, was killed while making a reconnaissance, by a party in ambuscade. The loss of this valuable and accomplished officer was much regretted by his general and all others who knew him. The report that Rosecrans and Cox had united their commands and were advancing upon Wise and Floyd caused General Lee to move at once to their support. He found General Floyd at Meadow Bluff and General Wise at Sewell Mountain. The latter position being very favorable for defense, the troops were concentrated there to await the threatened attack by Rosecrans, who advanced and took position in sight of General Lee's entrenched camp, and, having remained there for more than a week, withdrew in the night without attempting the expected attack. The weak condition of his artillery horses and the bad state of the roads, made worse by the retiring army, prevented General Lee from attempting to pursue; the approa
Va., and New River Region September to November. Gauley River September 12. Wilderness Ferry September 14. Hough's Ferry September 16. Advance to Sewell Mountain September 24. Sewell Mountain September 25. At Hawk's Nest October 10 to November 1. Movement on Cotton Mountain and pursuit of Floyd November 1-18. Sewell Mountain September 25. At Hawk's Nest October 10 to November 1. Movement on Cotton Mountain and pursuit of Floyd November 1-18. Laurel Creek November 12 (Co. H ). Duty at Charleston till April, 1862. Advance on Princeton April 22-May 1. Narrows of New River May 4. Operations on Flat Top Mountain May 20 to August 14. Scout in Wayne County July 24-26 (Detachment). Moved to Washington August 14-24. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia sion, 15th Army Corps, to July, 1865. Dept. of Arkansas to August, 1865. Service. Action at Carnifex Ferry, W. Va., September 10, 1861. Advance to Sewell Mountain September 24, thence to Falls of the Gauley. Operations in the Kanawha Valley and New River Region October 19-November 16. Moved to Fayetteville Novembe
enemy in the Kanawha Valley. Wise's retreat to Lewisburg. the Floyd brigade. advance of the joint forces towards the Gauley. the affair at cross Lanes. movement of Rosecrans. affair of Carnifax Ferry. Floyd and Wise fall back towards Sewell Mountain. an unfortunate quarrel of commanders. operations of Gen. Lee in Northwestern Virginia. his failure at Cheat Mountain. Col. Rust's part in the affair. movement of Lee to the line of Lewisburg. how Rosecrans escaped from him. engagemenupon Wise and Floyd, Gen. Lee decided at once to reinforce the Southern armies on the line of Lewisburg. He reached Gen. Floyd's camp at Meadow Bluff, on the 20th of September, and after conferring with him for two days, joined Gen. Wise at Sewell Mountain, on the 22d. The experienced eye of Lee saw at once that Wise's position was very strong, and capable of arresting a very heavy hostile force. He accordingly ordered forward his troops to the spot, and extended the defensive works already
from transmontane Virginia. Wise lay in the Greenbrier valley, and the remnant of the forces that were with Garnett was at Monterey, beyond the limits of what is now West Virginia. Among the volunteers who joined Wise at this time were about 300 from Boone and Logan counties, who mainly entered the Third regiment, Wise legion, later known as the Sixtieth regiment, and commanded by Col. B. H. Jones. Cox held Gauley, and began fortifications, with an advance guard skirmishing toward Sewell mountain, and a regiment guarding his river communications; while Rosecrans, now the Federal commander of the department, fortified the Cheat mountain pass before Huttonsville, and the mountain pass between Huttonsville and Huntersville. These were advanced posts. His main line was marked by a chain of posts, with a regiment or two at each, at Bulltown, Suttonville and Summersville, between Weston and Gauley. While the events we have described were taking place, an army was forming at Monte
Chapter 3: Operations under Gen. R. E. Lee Floyd and Wise in the Kanawha valley battle of Carnifix Ferry Lee's Cheat mountain campaign Sewell mountain Camp Bartow Camp Alleghany Floyd's Cotton Hill campaign. After the danger of invasion from the northeast had been relieved by the victory at Manassas, Gen. RoGeneral Floyd soon abandoned the Gauley river, and moved to a junction with Wise near Dogwood gap. Cox advanced on the 12th and the Confederates retired to Sewell mountain, occupying first the crest of the ridge and later a more defensible position about a mile and a half in the rear, which appears to have been selected by Wise.ent failed to divert Rosecrans from his advance up the Kanawha valley, and General Lee continued to receive from Wise alarming news of the enemy's. advance on Sewell mountain, and from Floyd reports that Wise would not fall back. He repaired promptly to the Kanawha valley, reaching Floyd's camp September 21st, and at once wrote to
ey, in July; Loring, under Lee, had accomplished nothing in the same valley and in that of the Greenbrier in August and September, and the commands of Floyd and Wise along the Kanawha turnpike, even with the assistance of Lee and Loring, had barely sufficed to keep the enemy in check. The first campaign in the Kanawha valley, under General Wise, has been described in this volume. The later operations in that region, in 1861, under the command of General Floyd, and at the last, about Sewell mountain, under Gen. R. E. Lee, are described in the Military History of West Virginia, in another volume of this work. To that volume reference is also made for accounts of subsequent military operations within the limits of the State of West Virginia, except such as were part of the campaigns of the army of Northern Virginia. When Jackson took command in the Valley the advance of General Rosecrans, who commanded the Federal forces in West Virginia, had recaptured Romney, 40 miles west of
dependent partisan command. In May he was advised by President Davis to take a commission as brigadier-general of provisional forces with command in the Kanawha valley. Reaching Charleston from a sick bed, in June, he completed the organization of Wise's Legion, in command of which, with the Kanawha volunteers, he endeavored patriotically to withstand the superior forces sent against him. He fought with intelligence and skill in the vicinity of Charleston, and selected the position at Sewell mountain, where Lee took command, confronting Rosecrans until that officer retreated. In the fall of 1861 he was assigned to command at Roanoke island, N. C., where, in his absence, many of his legion were captured, and his son, Capt. O. Jennings Wise, of the Richmond Light Infantry Blues, was mortally wounded. His feeble health now kept him from the field for some time, but in 1863 he was given command of the district between the Mattapony and the James, with his brigade, the Twenty-fourth, T
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