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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Torpedoes. (search)
tion of least resistance. While other nations are pursuing the science of assault and defence theoretically and experimentally, the United States has had more practical experience with the torpedo, and better understands its capabilities, wisely discarding the iron and steel leviathians of the deep for models, as the Dreadnaught, Inflexible, Devastation, Alexandria, Iron Duke, Duillio, &c. During the war with the Confederacy, there were 123 torpedoes planted in Charleston harbor and Stono river, which prevented the capture of that city and its conflagration. There were 101 torpedoes planted in Roanoke river, North Carolina, by which, of twelve vessels sent with troops and means to capture Fort Branch, but five returned. One was sunk by the fire from the fort, and the rest by torpedoes. Of the five iron-clads sent with other vessels to take Mobile, Alabama (one was tin-clad), three were destroyed by torpedoes. There were fifty-eight vessels sunk by torpedoes in the war, and s
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Operations before Charleston in May and July, 1862. (search)
d to enter Stono Inlet; one ran aground and all put back. May 20. Three gunboats crossed the bar and entered the Stono river about 10 o'clock A. M. One ran up and anchored a little below Battery Island, commanding the old (river) route from Coy's firing, except to horses. Evening.--More than twenty vessels in sight off Charleston bar and Stono inlet and in Stono river. Enemy reported as being on James' Island, at the point nearest Battery Island, and as having driven in our pickets. Colonel Simonton showed promptitude and skill, repulsing the flank movement on our right. Enemy's fire from gunboats in Stono and Folly rivers, from his stationary battery at Legare's Point, from his light artillery, and from his small arms, terrifrom Grimball's, now ascertained to be all withdrawn from that place. Transports for several days past seen going out of Stono. Gunboats in the river off Grimball's. July 7. Major William Duncan, First regiment South Carolina Volunteers, nar
de of the most ordinary material generally, such as beer barrels fixed with conical heads, coated within and without with rosin dissolved in coal tar; some were made of cast iron, copper, or tin; glass demijohns were also used. There were three essentials to success: the sensitive fuse-primer, a charge of sixty pounds of gunpowder, and actual contact between the torpedo and the bottom of the vessel. There were one hundred twenty-three of these torpedoes placed in Charleston harbor and Stono River. It was blockaded by thirteen large ships and ironclads, with six or seven storeships, and some twenty other vessels. The position of each one was known, and they could be approached within a half-mile, which made it easy to attack, destroy, or disperse them at night by floating torpedoes, connected together by twos by a rope one hundred thirty yards long, buoyed up and stretched across the current by two boats, which were to be dropped in ebbing tide to float down among the vessels.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charleston, S. C. (search)
he might batter down Fort Sumter from Fort Wagner, with the aid of the navy, and lay Charleston in ashes by firing shells, if it should not be surrendered. As Dupont did not approve this plan, Admiral Dahlgren took his place in July. Gillmore had batteries constructed, under the direction of General Vogdes, on the northern end of Folly Island. This work was completely masked by a pine forest. When all was in readiness, Gen. Alfred H. Terry was sent, with nearly 4,000 troops, up the Stono River, to make a demonstration against James Island to mask Gillmore's real intentions, and Col. T. W. Higginson, with some negro troops, went up the Edisto to cut the railway communication between Charleston and Savannah. Thirty hours after Terry's departure Gen. George C. Strong silently embarked 2,000 men in small boats and crossed over to Morris Island before dawn (July 13), unsuspected by the Confederates. At that hour Vogdes's masked batteries opened a tremendous cannonade, and Dahlgr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
ommand of the Department of the South.—22. Gen. Fitz-John Porter dismissed from the National service.—24. General Burnside, at his own request, relieved from the command of the Army of the Potomac.—25. First regiment of negro Union soldiers organized at Port Royal, S. C.—26. Peace resolutions offered in the Confederate Congress by Mr. Foote. Engagement at Woodbury, Tenn.—27. Fort McAllister, on the Ogeechee River, Ga., bombarded by the Montauk.—30. Union gunboat Isaac Smith captured in Stono River. S. C.—31. Blockading squadron off Charleston Harbor attacked by Confederate iron-clad gunboats, and the harbor proclaimed opened by Beauregard and the Confederate Secretary of State. Skirmish near Nashville, Tenn., and the Confederates defeated.—Feb. 1. National troops occupy Franklin, Tenn.—2. United States House of Representatives passed a bill providing for the employment of negro soldiers.—3. Fort Donelson invested by Confederate troops, who were repulsed.—4. Skirmi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Davie, William Richardson, -1820 (search)
20 Military officer; born near Whitehaven, England, June 20, 1756; came to America in 1764 with his father, and settled in South Carolina with his uncle, who educated him at the College of New Jersey (where William Richardson Davie. he graduated in 1776), and adopted him as his heir. He prepared himself for the law as a profession, but became an active soldier in the Revolution in a troop of dragoons. When he was in command of the troop he annexed it to Pulaski's Legion. He fought at Stono, Hanging Rock, and Rocky Mount; and at the head of a legionary corps, with the rank of major, he opposed the advance of Cornwallis into North Carolina. After the overthrow of the American army at Camden he saved the remnant of it; and he was a most efficient commissary under General Greene in the Southern Department. He rose to great eminence as a lawyer after the war, and was a delegate to the convention that framed the national Constitution, but sickness at home compelled him to leave be
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Meade, Richard Worsam 1837-1897 (search)
d in May, 1895. During the Civil War he served with much distinction. In 1861-62 he was instructor in gunnery on the receiving ship Ohio, in Boston; in the latter half of 1862 he commanded the Louisville, and was employed in aiding the Western armies and in checking guerilla warfare between Memphis and Helena on the Mississippi River. From September, 1863, till May, 1864, he commanded the gunboat Marblehead, of the South Atlantic blockading squadron. He took part in the battle of Stono River, S. C., Dec. 25, 1863, when he resisted the Confederate attempts to sink his vessel, drive the National transports out of the river, and turn the left flank of General Gillmore. Later he landed and destroyed the batteries of the enemy. In 1864-65, while with the Western Gulf blockading squadron, he destroyed or captured seven blockade-runners. In 1870, in the international yacht race in New York Harbor, he commanded the America, which outsailed the English competitor, Cambria. In 1893 he
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pinckney, Thomas 1750-1828 (search)
Pinckney, Thomas 1750-1828 Diplomatist; born in Charleston, S. C., Oct. 23, 1750; educated in England, and was admitted to the bar in 1770. He joined the army in 1775; became a major and aide to General Lincoln, and afterwards to Count d'estaing in the siege of Savannah. He was distinguished in the battle at Stono Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. Ferry, and was aide to General Gates in the battle near Camden, where he was wounded and made prisoner. In 1792 he was sent as minister to Great Britain, and in 1794 to Spain, where he negotiated the treaty of St. Ildefonso, which secured Thomas Pinckney. to the United States the free navigation of the Mississippi River. In 1799 he was a member of Congress, and in March, 1812, President Madison appointed him commander of the Sixth Military District. His last military service was under General Jackson at the last decisive battle with the Creeks at Horseshoe Bend. He died in Charleston, S. C., Nov. 2, 1828.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
annah......March 7, 1736 Fort St. Andrews erected on Cumberland Island by Highlanders, and Fort William planned......1736 Treaty ending hostilities between Spanish and English colonies, and referring all disputes as to boundaries between Georgia and Florida to the home governments......Oct. 27, 1736 Oglethorpe appointed general of forces in South Carolina and Georgia......June, 1737 John Wesley sails for England......Dec. 24, 1737 Uprising of negroes, incited by the Spanish at Stono, quelled......1738 Arrival of ship bringing Rev. George Whitefield and a regiment recruited by Oglethorpe in England; the regiment, under Colonel Cochran, locating at Frederica......May 3, 1738 Many Moravian emigrants remove to Pennsylvania (the rest follow two years later)......1738 Attempted assassination of General Oglethorpe while inspecting Fort St. Andrews on Cumberland Island......November, 1738 Articles of convention between the British and Spanish governments; disputed
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), South Carolina, (search)
arolina, and appoints Robert Johnson governor of South Carolina......April 30, 1730 First newspaper in South Carolina published at Charleston, Thomas Whitmarsh, editor......Jan. 8, 1732 Forty thousand acres of land on the Savannah is given to John Peter Pury and his colony of some 370 Swiss; Purysburg is settled......1732-33 Williamsburg township formed by Irish settlers......1734 Boundary-line between North and South Carolina partly established......1738 Negro insurrection at Stono suppressed, and its leader, Cato, and principals hanged Fire consumes nearly one half of Charleston......Nov. 18, 1740 Ship-building begun; five ship-yards established; four in the vicinity of Charleston, and one at Beaufort......1740 Colonel Clark, with emigrants from Virginia and Pennsylvania, settles on the Pacolet and Tyger rivers......1750-55 Cotton in small quantities exported......1754 Mrs. Pinckney, who ten years previously cultivated the first indigo, manufactures n
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