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its channel face. Black Island was reached by the three companies, after laboriously rowing up Lighthouse Inlet and the creeks, on the evening of the 18th. The Eleventh Maine was relieved there and departed the next day. This outpost, occupied by a portion of the Fifty-fourth until Charleston was evacuated, merits description. It was of small extent and almost the only dry spot amid the marshes between Morris and James islands. The safety of Lighthouse Inlet and the inland channel from Stono depended upon its safe maintenance. Our heavy guns, mounted there in August, 1863, had been removed. There was an enclosed work holding a single Wiard rifle-gun. As it was within range of the lower James Island batteries, bombproofs had been constructed. From a platform near the top of a tall pine-tree called the Crow's Nest, commanding a fine view of the whole region, a constant watch was kept. Messages were sent to and received from Morris Island by signal flags and torches. A foot-
oved to the landing, crossed to Folly Island on pontoon-boats and scows, and Companies E and F having joined, marched to Stono. Although the men were lightly equipped, it was warm and exhausting. Arriving at 2 A. M., the regiment embarked on the n assistant-surgeon (whose name is not known), was temporarily assigned to the regiment. All the horses had been left at Stono. Though partially concealed by woods and irregularities of the ground, we of the Fifty-fourth knew the formidable charsland that day advanced on the road running parallel with Bohicket Creek and halted at Parker's, where a road branched to Stono on the right. The march, though short, was severe because of the heat. Just at dawn on Independence Day, the Fifty-foght, when they got under way and ran down the river. After a scanty breakfast the Fifty-fourth, at 9 A. M., marched to Stono, accomplishing the three miles in as many hours, for the day was hot and the men much exhausted. There a sutler was foun
s. Companies C and I at Black Island were relieved by two companies of the Fifty-second Pennsylvania, under Capt. John B. Fisk, and reported at camp to proceed with the regiment. Lieutenant Littlefield was ordered to remain in charge of the camp and sick on Morris Island. Owing to the scarcity of transportation, the Fifty-fourth departed in detachments. Acting Major Pope, with Companies A, D, I, and K, crossed to Folly Island on the evening of the 26th, made a night march, and arrived at Stono about midnight. At dark the next day this force embarked with the Fifty-sixth New York and General Hatch and staff on the Cosmopolitan, reaching Hilton Head on the 28th. Lieutenant-Colonel Hooper, with Companies C, E, G, and H, left Morris Island on the steamer General Hooker on the 27th, arriving at Hilton Head about 3 A. M. the next day. This departure from Morris Island was the final one for these eight companies and their officers. The companies of the regiment that remained held thei
do menial and often repulsive work about the prison, or elsewhere about Charleston whither some were sent. We shall get glimpses of their life from the testimony of others confined there. Upon their entrance into the jail, the Wagner prisoners met those of their regiment captured on James Island, and for the first time learned who had survived of their comrades reported missing. They also found confined four colored men belonging to the gunboat Isaac Smith, which was captured in the Stono River by the Confederates, early in 1863. By arrangement, on July 24, 1863, truce boats met in Charleston harbor, and one hundred and four of our white soldiers who had been wounded at Wagner were delivered up. The Confederate commissioner, Colonel Edward C. Anderson, reports that an effort was made to bring under discussion the prisoners of the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Regiment, but in compliance with instructions, all information or conversation upon these troops was declined. This sile
Stephens, George E., 12, 56, 92, 166, 315. Stephenson, J. H., 15, 23. Steuart, George H., 196. Stevens, Atherton H., Jr., 152. Stevens, Edward L., 184, 237, 276, 291, 292, 293, 302, 303, 304, 305. Stevens, T. H., 128. Stevenson, Thomas G., 53, 63, 74, 85, 87, 103, 106, 143. Stewart, Henry, 131. Stewart plantation, 263, 265, 266. Stiles, Joseph, 202. Sterling, J. R., 12. Stone, Lincoln R., 34, 64, 75, 103,105, 109. 145. Stono Inlet, S. C., 51, 141, 186, 197, 200, 215, 234. Stono River, 53, 56, 59,197, 199, 208, 209, 210, 211, 216, 270. Strahan, Charles G., 146. Strength of regiment, 105, 108, 149, 164, 178, 202, 228, 237, 261, 291. Strong, Fort, 134. Strong, George C., 46, 48, 49, 66, 72, 73, 74, 77, 86, 88, 89, 91, 94. Stroud, William H., tug, 318. Sturgis, James, 142. Subscription for monument, 229, 230. Suffhay, Samuel, 217. Sullivan's Island, S. C., 54, 70, 138, 187, 212, 217, 219, 233, 281, 282. Sulsey, Joseph, 188. Summerville, S. C., 310. Sumne
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Letters and Journals of Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Chapter army life and camp drill (search)
floated five miles for the purpose with the tide, being unable to swim, and having four beef bladders tied on a cord under his arms to support him. In this he emulated our regimental pig, who came to the officers as a present from those of the Montauk Monitor. On one occasion going up the river to engage some batteries, they left piggy on an island, and on their return could not find him and suspected desertion, which he disproved by swimming out to join the next gunboat that came up the Stono River, the McDonough, from which the Montauk afterwards reclaimed him. Now he inspects the regiment daily at dress parade and afterwards marches up with the line of officers to salute the commandant. This Dr. Minor writes. Worcester, October 28 To-morrow I may go to Boston chiefly to see on business Colonel Hartwell, of the Massachusetts Fifty-Fifth, just from Folly Island, and may either go to the opera or to a Republican dinner to Sumner and Wilson. I hanker after opera, and indeed aft
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies, 1857. (search)
duty. We run as much risk, in a certain way, as our friends on Folly. Four companies are no force to hold this island if the Rebels choose to try to take it; and our only way of keeping out of trouble is to humbug the rascals, and make them think we are all here still. The regiments all embarked and left in the night, the steamers not coming for them till after dark. When they left, they went towards the Head, and, in some cases, when the troops left here at too late an hour to land at Stono before daylight, they went all the way to the Head, landed on St. Helena, and at night embarked again, went up to Folly in the dark, and disembarked there before there was light enough for Secesh or anybody else to see them. So there is no chance of the Rebels having seen our men leave. And we keep the tents all standing, the bands playing, and drums beating at the usual hours; even the candles are lighted in the tents at dark, and put out punctually at taps. The part of our four companie
o Oct. 21, 1861. Brig. General, U. S. Volunteers, Sept. 28, 1861. In command of brigade in the Port Royal expeditionary corps, Oct. 21, 1861, to Mar. 31, 1862; engaged, and in command of the land forces which attacked the enemy at Port Royal Ferry, and captured and destroyed the rebel batteries on Coosaw River, S. C., Jan. 1, 1862. In the department of the South, Mar. 31 to July 12, 1862; in command of brigade, and subsequently of a division; engaged in the demonstrations and actions on Stono River, June 3-10, 1862; and assault of the rebel works at Secessionville, James Island, S. C., June 16, 1862. In command of division at Newport News, Va., July –Aug., 1862. Maj. General, U. S. Volunteers, July 4, 1862. In the northern Virginia campaign, Aug.–Sept., 1862; engaged in various skirmishes on the Rappahannock, Aug., 1862; battle of Manassas, Aug. 29-30, 1862. Killed, Sept. 1, 1862, while leading his division in a charge at the battle of Chantilly. Stevenson, Robert Hooper.
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 1: (search)
ts Yates and Frank Harleston. (6) Dahlgren battery—Captain Hamilton. On Mount Pleasant: (1) Mortars—Captain Martin and Lieuts. F. H. Robertson and G. W. Reynolds. On Fort Johnson: (1) Mortars—Capt. G. S. James and Lieut. W. H. Gibbes. Immediately upon the fall of Sumter the most active and constant efforts were made by Governor Pickens and General Beauregard to repair and arm the fort, to strengthen the batteries defending the harbor, and to defend the city from an attack by the Stono river and James island. General Beauregard inspected the coast, and works of defense were begun on James island and at Port Royal harbor. But South Carolina was now to enjoy freedom from attack, by land or sea, until early in November, and while her soldiers and her people were making ready her defense, and her sons were flocking to her standard in larger numbers than she could organize and arm, she was called upon to go to the help of Virginia. William H. Trescot, of South Carolina, in hi
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 2: (search)
is islands. All these were to be strengthened, and the harbor made secure against any attack in front. To prevent the occupation of James island, the mouth of Stono river was defended by forts built on Cole's and Battery islands, and a line of defensive works built across the island. No attempt had been made to erect forts or ba including the garrisons of the forts at Georgetown and those of Moultrie, Sumter, Johnson, Castle Pinckney and the works for the defense of the approaches through Stono, Wappoo, etc., which could not be removed from their posts, amounted to 10,036 Confederate troops—the Fourth brigade, South Carolina militia, 1,531 strong; ColonelGeneral Pemberton, on assuming command, executed General Lee's purpose and ordered the removal of the guns from Fort Palmetto on Cole's island, at the mouth of the Stono, and from the works at the mouth of Georgetown harbor. Georgetown was then at the mercy of the fleet, but there was no help for it, for Port Royal had shown that
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