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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter25: invasion of Pennsylvania. (search)
e, under Jenkins, north towards Chambersburg. By the plan of march from the Valley of Virginia the leading corps (Second) was to divide and cross the Potomac River at Williamsport and Shepherdstown, the column through Williamsport to march through Hagerstown and Chambersburg towards Harrisburg, collecting produce and supplies for the army, Imboden's cavalry on its left flank. The eastern column was to march through Sharpsburg, Emmitsburg, and Gettysburg towards the bridge over the Susquehanna River at Wrightsville, Jenkins's cavalry brigade working with the two columns. The Third Corps, passing behind the Blue Ridge, was to cross at Shepherdstown and follow the march of the eastern column. The First Corps was to draw back from the Blue Ridge and cross the Potomac at Williamsport, to be followed by the cavalry, which was to cross at Shepherdstown and ride severely towards Baltimore, to force the enemy to eastern concentration. The object of the march of the eastern columns,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 18: the Capital secured.--Maryland secessionists Subdued.--contributions by the people. (search)
now impossible to do so with less than ten thousand armed men. He counseled with Major-General Robert Patterson, who had just been appointed commander of the Department of Washington, which embraced the States of Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, and the District of Columbia, and whose Headquarters were at Philadelphia. Commodore Dupont, commandant of the Navy Yard there, was also consulted, and it was agreed that the troops should go by water from Perryville, at the mouth of the Susquehanna River, to Annapolis, and thence across Maryland to Washington City. Butler was ordered to take that route, seize and hold Annapolis and Annapolis Junction, and open and thoroughly guard a military pathway to the Capital. In the midst of the wild tumult, caused by the call to arms — the braying of trumpets and the roll of drums — the representatives of a sect of exemplary Christians, who had ever borne testimony against the practices of war, met in the City of New York (April 23), and rei
d forward to Harper's Ferry, and who, though not in season to secure the arms and munitions there deposited, threatened Western Maryland from that commanding position. Thus, only the county of Cecil, in the extreme north-east, remained fully and openly loyal to the Union; that county lying this side of the Susquehanna, and being connected with the Free States by railroad and telegraph. The Eighth Massachusetts, under Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, reached Perryville, on the east bank of the Susquehanna, on the 20th, and found its progress here arrested by burned bridges, and the want of cars on the other side. But Gen. Butler was not a man to be stopped by such impediments. Seizing the spacious and commodious railroad ferry steamer Maryland, he embarked his men thereof, and appeared with them early next morning before Annapolis, the political capital of Maryland, thirty miles south of Baltimore, and about equidistant with that city from Washington, wherewith it is connected by a bran
opposed, it would be impossible to make use of that, and it would be a march of some thirty odd miles from Annapolis to Washington. The Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad could send me to Perryville, on the northerly side of the Susquehanna River, opposite Havre de Grace, and the march from Havre de Grace was but a little longer than that from Annapolis. My regiment could be ferried across the Susquehanna on the steamer Maryland, the railroad ferry-boat between Perryville and Havreulty of getting up the Potomac, and the ease with which war vessels could be prevented from ascending the river, was one of the protections of Washington. Great numbers of troops, concluded Major L'Enfant, could readily be brought down the Susquehanna River, and landed anywhere upon its banks or in the bays, and so march to protect Washington. I had read those pamphlets in earlier days, and now that I saw our means of access by railroad in the hands of hostile States, I was at once put in m
larger amounts which would be required by the new troops which were moving in large numbers towards the capital. The principal depot for supplies in the city of Washington was under charge of Col. D. H. Rucker, assistant quartermaster, who ably performed his duties. Lieut.-Col. R. Ingalls, assistant quartermaster, was placed in charge of the department on the south side of the Potomac. I directed a large depot for transportation to be established at Perryville, on the left bank of the Susquehanna, a point equally accessible by rail and water. Capt. C. G. Sawtelle, assistant quartermaster, was detailed to organize the camp, and performed his duties to my entire satisfaction. Capt. J. J. Dana, assistant quartermaster, had immediate charge of the transportation in and about Washington, as well as of the large number of horses purchased for the use of the artillery and cavalry. The principal difficulties which Gen. Van Vliet had to encounter arose from the inexperience of the major
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baltimore, (search)
cember, 1776), and it was feared that they would cross into Pennsylvania and march on Philadelphia, there was much anxiety among the patriots. The Continental Congress, of the courage and patriotism of which there was a growing distrust, were uneasy. Leading republicans hesitated to go further, and only Washington and a few other choice spirits were hopeful. When the commander-in-chief was asked what he would do it Philadelphia should be taken, he replied, We will retreat beyond the Susquehanna River, and thence, if necessary, to the Alleghany Mountains. The great body of Quakers, numerous and influential in Pennsylvania, were opposed to the war, and loyalists abounded everywhere, Mifflin, who was a disowned member of the Society of Friends, and had witnessed the sudden growing lukewarmness of the Congress, fearing the effect of Howe's proclamation upon both, strongly recommended the removal of that body from Philadelphia. General Putnam, who had been sent to that city to fortify
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cockburn, Sir George 1772-1853 (search)
few militia who came down from Elkton, and some drivers of stages and transportation-wagons. The former garrisoned a redoubt which had just been erected, upon which lay four iron cannon. They were vanquished and retired. The storehouses were plundered and burned, but the women and children were well treated. Property on land worth $25,000 was destroyed, and on the water five trading-vessels were consumed. Thence Cockburn went up the bay to Havre De Grace (q. v.), at the mouth of the Susquehanna, which he plundered and burned. Afterwards he attacked the villages of Fredericktown and Georgetown (May 6, 1813), on the Sassafras River. They contained from forty to fifty houses each. He first visited Fredericktown, on the north shore. The militia, under Colonel Veazy, made a stout resistance, but were compelled to retire. The village was laid in ashes, and the storehouses were plundered and burned. The marauders then crossed over to Georgetown, and served it in the same way. Hav
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book II:—secession. (search)
e North in its defence. On the same day General Wool, who was in command of all the Federal troops west of the Mississippi, being without instructions from Washington, took the responsibility of forwarding to the capital, by passing round Baltimore, all the forces already organized he could dispose of. The way was opened by a Massachusetts general—Mr. Butler, one of the most distinguished men in the Democratic party; at the head of a few troops from his own State, he embarked on the Susquehanna River, proceeded down Chesapeake Bay, and came to anchor in front of Annapolis, which had been in possession of the rebels for three days. This little town was connected with Washington by a railway which made a junction with the main line south of Baltimore, thus rendering it easy to avoid the insurgent city. Again, on the same day—April 20—the volunteers raised by the State of Illinois occupied a position in the West highly important for future army operations—that of Cairo, a town sit
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book III:—Pennsylvania. (search)
e Ridge and the Valley of Virginia extended from the left bank of the Potomac under the name of South Mountain and Cumberland Valley. From Chambersburg the waters of the last-mentioned valley flow south toward the Potomac: at about the same elevation as this village the general direction of the adjacent mountains inclines strongly to the north-eastward, while a slope trending in a contrary direction from the preceding one conducts the water-courses which lave its base toward the great Susquehanna River, into which they empty in the vicinity of Harrisburg, the capital of Pennsylvania. The Virginia Valley route had also the advantage, therefore, of conducting the Confederates by the most direct route, enabling them to cross the Potomac where it is always fordable in summer, and masking their movements behind the South Mountain ridge, to the very heart of the powerful commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, in fact, is not only the political superior of wealthy Philadelphia: it is a
Highly important from Washington.all bridges between Baltimore and Phidadelphia Porn up.Ten thousand Philadelphia troops coming South.Fort McHenry besieged!Baltimore Votes $500,000 for her defence!no troops can pass through Maryland.&c., &c., &c., Washington, April 21. --Dispatches from New York received here state that the people there are frantic, and that a determined feeling to subjugate the South prevails. The steamers which carry passeners across the ferry at the Susquehanna river, have been seized by the Marylanders. The New York Seventh Regiment has started by water for Washington. They enter the Chesapeake and go up the Potomac. They are accompanied by a new Massachusetts regiment, under the command of Gen. William F. Small. Four bridges on the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad have been destroyed, to prevent the passage of Northern troops. Fort McHenry, it is said, is besieged by 12,000 Marylanders. No Virginia troops had arrived at Ale
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