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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Lee's West Virginia campaign. (search)
t the success of the proposed movement depended upon its speedy execution. It was impossible that the occupation of Valley Mountain by a force as large as that of Gilliam could escape the observation of the Federals, and its position would expose tformation from General Loring in regard to the time of his probable advance, he proceeded to join Colonel Gilliam at Valley Mountain. He took with him Major Lee's cavalry, not as an escort, but for the purpose of scouting and reconnoitering. It hasition of the enemy. He soon learned that the Federals had taken possession of a strong Pass, ten miles in front of Valley Mountain, and were actively engaged in fortifying it. When General Loring arrived, about the 12th of August, the Federals hadushing back Floyd and Wise in the direction of Lewisburg, it being his intention to turn the Confederate position on Valley Mountain and the Greenbrier river. Such was the condition of affairs on the line of the Kanawha at the close of the Valley
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 6: the campaign in West Virginia. (search)
assumed active command of the troops in the field. He went at first to Huntersville, where he found Loring, then to Valley Mountain, where Colonel Gilliam had been stationed. From the former point he wrote to his wife, August 4, 1861: I rey so beautiful! What a glorious world Almighty God has given us! How thankless and ungrateful we are! And from Valley Mountain, August 9, 1861, he writes: I have been three days coming from Monterey to Huntersville. The mountains are beautifud to Huttonsville, with a reserve at Huttonsville, so he could re-enforce his troops on the Staunton road, or on the Valley Mountain road, as necessary. Loring, with thirtyfive hundred effective troops, was in front of him on the latter, while Geneone part out of gear, the successful operation of the whole machine is not possible. In a letter to Mrs. Lee, dated Valley Mountain, September 17, 1861, the general writes: I had hoped to have surprised the enemy's works on the morning of the 12th,
of future harmony; this want of cooperation led to confusion, and threatened further reverses. General Loring had succeeded General Garnett, and was in command of the remnant of the force defeated at Laurel Hill. His headquarters were at Valley Mountain. General R. E. Lee, on duty at Richmond, aiding the President in the general direction of military affairs, was now ordered to proceed to western Virginia. It was hoped that, by his military skill and deserved influence over men, he would bo retrieve the disaster we had suffered at Laurel Hill, and by combining all our forces in western Virginia on one plan of operations, give protection to that portion of our country. Such reenforcement as could be furnished had been sent to Valley Mountain, the headquarters of General Loring. Thither General Lee promptly proceeded. The duty to which he was assigned was certainly not attractive by the glory to be gained or the ease to be enjoyed, but Lee made no question as to personal prefer
J. William Jones, Christ in the camp, or religion in Lee's army, Chapter 2: influence of Christian officers. (search)
aptain: Disapproved. If such applications were granted the whole army would turn Jews or Shaking Quakers. When the paper came to General Lee he endorsed on it: Approved, and respectfully returned to Captain——, with the advice that he should always respect the religious views and feelings of others. The following letters, addressed to a prominent rabbi of Richmond (to whom I am indebted for copies), will serve to illustrate the broad charity of this model Christian: Headquarters, Valley Mountain, August 29, 1861. rabbi M. J. Michelbacher, Preacher Hebrew Congregation, House of Love, Richmond, Virginia: Reverend Sir: I have just received your letter of the 23d inst., requesting that a furlough from the 2d to the 15th of September be granted to the soldiers of the Jewish persuasion in the Confederate States Army, that they may participate in the approaching holy service of the synagogue. It would give me great pleasure to comply with a request so earnestly urged by you, an
he Monterey division, under Gen. H. R. Jackson, was encamped at Camp Bartow, near where the Parkersburg pike crosses the Greenbrier river, and included Jackson's Georgia brigade, Rust's Arkansas regiment, Taliaferro's brigade (Twenty-third, Thirty-first, Thirty-seventh and Forty-fourth regiments), Hansbrough and Reger's battalions, two batteries of artillery, and a few companies of cavalry, in all about 2,500 effective men. The other wing of the army, under General Loring, in camp at Valley mountain, included the brigades of Donelson, Anderson and Gilham (Twenty-first and Forty-second Virginia and Irish battalion in the latter), Colonel Burk's command and Major Lee's cavalry. About 3,500 men in this division were effective. General Lee went to the front early in August, accompanied by his aides, Col. John A. Washington and Capt Walter H. Taylor, and Maj. W. H. F. Lee's cavalry battalion. He entered personally upon the work of reconnoissance, a work in which he had contributed
yetteville, May 20th, and the rout of a Federal scouting party on Loup creek late in June, by Maj. E. A. Bailey, who captured 29 prisoners and 45 horses. June 28, 1863, Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley became the Federal commander of the West Virginia department. On June 29th, Col. William L. Jackson, Nineteenth Virginia cavalry, commanding the camp near Huntersville, made an expedition against Beverly, which was held by about 1,000 Federals, hoping to capture the garrison. Advancing beyond Valley mountain, Maj. John B. Lady, with five companies commanded by Capts. D. Evans, W. W. Arnett, Joseph Hayhurst, Duncan and W. W. Boggs, was sent by way of Rich mountain to the rear of the enemy, while Lieut. A. C. Dunn occupied the Philippi road. The pickets, meanwhile, had been quietly captured by Captain Righter, and the main body of Jackson's command was well upon the enemy before his presence was suspected. An advance of the Federals on the Buckhannon road was checked by Captains Marshall a
rtillery. Colonels Gilham and Lee were at Valley mountain, 28 miles west of Huntersville, with theing him to advance on the enemy by way of Valley mountain. Not succeeding in this, or in gaining tmp at Elkwater, some 16 miles in front of Valley mountain, and by the Monterey line on that on Cheay of Huttonsville. From Loring's camp at Valley mountain, 3,500 feet above the sea level, it was 1eral Lee from Headquarters of the Forces, Valley mountain, W. Va., September 9, 1861, issued the foself was responsible for results. From Valley mountain, on the 17th of September. he wrote to G added his force to that of Cox, Lee left Valley mountain, about the 19th, and hastened to that linr camp. Shortly after General Lee left Valley mountain he sent back orders to Loring to send reid on the Huntersville and Beverly line at Valley mountain, with detachments on the road to its baseia, under Col. William Gilham, located at Valley mountain and guarding that approach to Huntersvill[10 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Twelfth Georgia Infantry. (search)
tory hardly furnishes a parallel to that battle, but if the North desire it we will seek to furnish more of the same sort. R. T. D. [2] operations in Cheat Mountain, etc. Orders of Gen. R. E. Lee. Special order No.—. headquarters Valley Mountain, 8th September, 1861. The forward movement announced to the Army of the Northwest in Special Orders No. 28, from its headquarters, of this date, gives the commanding general the opportunity of exhorting the troops to keep steadily in views. At Cheat, 9th Indiana, General Milroy, 700 men—two or three pieces of artillery. There is no account of the return of the Yankees at Elk since the recent raid. Scouts have returned who were as far as Marshall's Store, five miles beyond Valley Mountain. On the retreat of the Yankees they burned the houses in the region of Big Springs. This position cannot be sustained successfully with a small force unless there is a force at the bridge, seven miles from here. There is a necessity for a
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Robert Edward Lee. (search)
fortunate generals, chosen to lead armies in the field, was zealous and cordial, and he did not murmur when at last, in August, 1861, his turn for active service came in what promised to be a thankless and inauspicious duty. The Confederate arms had been unfortunate in Northwestern Virginia. Garnett had been overwhelmed and defeated. Loring, with large reinforcements, had not pressed forward to snatch the lost ground from an enemy weakened by great detachments. So Lee was sent to Valley Mountain to combine all the elements of our strength, and by a stroke of daring recover West Virginia. The Confederate President was convinced that he was the leader for such a campaign—the opinion of the army and of the people enthuiastically confirmed his choice. Lee quickly mastered the problem before him by personal reconnoissances, and laid his plans with skill and vigor. But the attack on Cheat Mountain, which a year later would have been a brilliant success, ended in failure and mort
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Cumberland Grays, Company D, Twenty-first Virginia Infantry. (search)
o were enlisted only forty-eight were living. The following is a list of those who were killed or died since and during the war: Captain F. D. Irving, died since the war. Captain A. C. Page, died since the war. Lieutenant C. H. Anderson, killed at Fisher's Hill. Lieutenant E. E. England, killed at Petersburg. Sergeant-Major William Denny, died since the war. Sergeant M. J. Dunkum, died since the war; lost a leg at Brandy Station. Sergeant W. S. Anderson, died at Valley Mountain. Sergeant Bolden Brown, died in 1862. Sergeant D. M. Coleman, killed at Fisher's Hill. Corporal W. M. Cooke, wounded; died since the war. Privates. Ayres, T. J., wounded; died since the war. Anderson, Meredith, killed at Kernstown. Austin, M. G., wounded at Gettysburg, and died. Booker, Charles W., died since the war. Baughan, W. L., died since the war. Baughan, William, died in 1862. Baughan, David, killed at Gettysburg. Baughan, Robert, mortally wou
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