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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of the Confederate States Navy. (search)
7-inch rifles. That same gun-boat Carondelet was afterwards engaged in the Yazoo river by the Arkansas, under the heroic I. N. Brown, and after an action of twenty did efficient service. The Livingston and Polk succeeded in getting up the Yazoo river to Liverpool landing. As soon as the enemy learned that Fort Pillow had beeng Fort Pillow, the Arkansas and all of the river transports were run up the Yazoo river, where they were protected by batteries on shore and a raft across the streaor the shield or covering for the casemate had been carelessly sunken in the Yazoo river. Lieutenant Brown was untiring in his efforts to complete his vessel. He to Van Dorn. The General thoroughly appreciated the importance of holding the Yazoo river, but he thought that as the Arkansas could only be used during the high-wateilot house, drove in some fragments of iron, which mortally wounded both the Yazoo river pilots, and slightly wounded Captain Brown in the head. As one of the pilot
e rebel ram Arkansas she forces the mouth of the Yazoo river, and runs the gauntlet of the fleet night bombars above town and on high grounds at the mouth of the Yazoo, a few miles above Vicksburgh, we could plainly see Lynch and a few young naval officers were up the Yazoo River, preparing a little surprise for them. Having blteamed up the Mississippi, and had run far up the Yazoo River, and were then under the orders of Commodore Lync fleet at Milliken's Bend, to watch the mouth of the Yazoo; and to be ready for any emergency, they kept up steand citizens, fitting out the ram Arkansas in the Yazoo River. The name of this stream literally means River and iron-clads watching for her at the mouth of the Yazoo, or drawn up in parallel lines to receive her when psoon appear to oppose his exit from the mouth of the Yazoo; so, although using more steam than could be generatd perceive two powerful gunboats at the mouth of the Yazoo, which, like ants, were dragging their crippled comp
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Ellet and his steam-rams at Memphis. (search)
where she sank to her boiler-deck and finally became a total loss. The others of the enemy's fleet were run ashore and fired by the crews before they escaped into the adjoining Arkansas swamps. The Jeff. Thompson burned and blew up with a tremendous report; the General Bragg was secured by our gun-boats before the fire gained headway, and was saved. The Van Dorn alone made her escape, and was afterward burned by the enemy at Liverpool Landing, upon the approach of two of our rams in Yazoo River, in order to prevent her from falling into our hands. Two other rebel boats were burned at the same time,--the Polk and the Livingston. After the Monarch had towed the Beauregard into shoal water, from which, it was hoped, she might be raised, I received the first intelligence, from a dispatch-boat bearing orders, that Colonel Ellet was wounded. The orders I received from him were: Continue the pursuit as long as there is any hope of overtaking the flying enemy. One other episod
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The Union and Confederate navies. (search)
's ram-fleet, and was literally wiped out of existence,--four of the vessels being captured and three destroyed. The Van Dorn alone escaped, and fleeing to the Yazoo River was soon afterward burnt. The six vessels of the River Defense Fleet, which had been retained by General Lovell at New Orleans, were sent down to assist in thehe affairs of the Navy Department, p. 28. The Livingston, which had been attached some time before to the flotilla in the upper Mississippi, made its way to the Yazoo River, and was burnt there with the Polk and Van Dorn. The two new iron-clads, however, were intended to be by far the most important factors in the defense of New O, the Tennessee and Arkansas were built at Memphis in the winter of 1861-62. They were covered with railroad iron. The Arkansas was completed and taken to the Yazoo River in April, 1862. After a short and brilliant career under Lieutenant Isaac N. Brown, she finally fell a victim in August to the defects of her engines. The Ten
b to the cry of Thompson's prompt war song: Let this be the watchword of one and of all- Remember the Butcher, McNeil! Meantime, Mississippi had been the scene of new disasters. Vicksburg, the Queen of the West, still sat unhurt upon her bluffs, smiling defiance to the storm of hostile shot and shell; teaching a lesson of spirit and endurance to which the whole country looked with admiration and emulation. On the 15th of August the iron-clad ram, Arkansas, had escaped out of the Yazoo river; run the gauntlet of the Federal fleet at Vicksburg and made safe harbor under the town, to aid in its heroic defense. Twenty days thereafter, General Breckinridge made a most chivalrous and dashing, but equally useless and disastrous, attack upon Baton Rouge. His small force was greatly outnumbered by the garrison, behind heavy works and aided by a heavy fleet of gunboats. and after a splendidly gallant fight, that had but one serious resulthe was forced to withdraw. That result
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, May, 1863. (search)
town of Livingston at 11 A. M., where I was introduced to a militia general and his pretty daughter; the latter had been married two days before to a wounded Confederate officer, but the happy couple were just on the point of starting for the Yazoo river, as they were afraid of being disturbed in their felicity by the Yankees. I now heard every one speaking of the fall of Vicksburg as very possible, and its jeopardy was laid at the door of General Pemberton, for whom no language could be army is estimated at 75,000 men, and General Johnston has very little opinion of the defences of Vicksburg on the land side. He said the garrison consisted of about 20,000 men. News has been received that the Yankees were getting up the Yazoo river; and this morning General Walker's division left at 6 A. M. for Yazoo city. The General with his staff and myself rode into Canton, six miles, and lodged in the house of a planter who owned 700 slaves. Dr. Yandell is a wonderful mimic,
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The campaign against Vicksburg-Employing the freedmen-occupation of Holly Springs-Sherman ordered to Memphis-Sherman's movements down the Mississippi-Van Dorn captures Holly Springs-collecting forage and food (search)
antry, the siege guns, and whatever cavalry may be there. U. S. Grant, Major-General This idea had presented itself to my mind earlier, for on the 3d of December I asked Halleck if it would not be well to hold the enemy south of the Yallabusha and move a force from Helena and Memphis on Vicksburg. On the 5th again I suggested, from Oxford, to Halleck that if the Helena troops were at my command I thought it would be possible to take them and the Memphis forces south of the mouth of the Yazoo River, and thus secure Vicksburg and the State of Mississippi. Halleck on the same day, the 5th of December, directed me not to attempt to hold the country south of the Tallahatchie, but to collect 25,000 troops at Memphis by the 20th for the Vicksburg expedition. I sent Sherman with two divisions at once, informed the general-in-chief of the fact, and asked whether I should command the expedition down the river myself or send Sherman. I was authorized to do as I thought best for the accompl
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Headquarters moved to Holly Springs-General McClernand in command-assuming command at Young's Point-operations above Vicksburg- fortifications about Vicksburg-the canal- Lake Providence-operations at Yazoo pass (search)
here. The rebel positions were on a bluff on the Yazoo River, some miles above its mouth. The waters were hige orders for his assignment reached the mouth of the Yazoo on the 2d of January, and immediately assumed commanhe bluff, or high land, follows the left bank of the Yazoo for some distance and continues in a southerly direce Mississippi to Warrenton, six miles below. The Yazoo River leaves the high land a short distance below Haineaines' Bluff, eleven miles from Vicksburg, on the Yazoo River, was strongly fortified. The whole distance fromred and fifty miles below Moon Lake and forms the Yazoo River. These were formerly navigated by steamers tradi this rich region the one by way of the mouth of the Yazoo several hundreds of miles below. On the 2d of Fe Steel's Bayou [Steele's Bayou] empties into the Yazoo River between Haines' Bluff and its mouth. It is narrog Sunflower River, and the Big Sunflower with the Yazoo River about ten miles above Haines' Bluff in a right li
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The bayous West of the Mississippi-criticisms of the Northern press-running the batteries-loss of the Indianola-disposition of the troops (search)
w had to run about fourteen miles of batteries. Porter fell into the plan at once, and suggested that he had better superintend the preparation of the steamers selected to run the batteries, as sailors would probably understand the work better than soldiers. I was glad to accept his proposition, not only because I admitted his argument, but because it would enable me to keep from the enemy a little longer our designs. Porter's fleet was on the east side of the river above the mouth of the Yazoo, entirely concealed from the enemy by the dense forests that intervened. Even spies could not get near him, on account of the undergrowth and overflowed lands. Suspicions of some mysterious movements were aroused. Our river guards discovered one day a small skiff moving quietly and mysteriously up the river near the east shore, from the direction of Vicksburg, towards the fleet. On overhauling the boat they found a small white flag, not much larger than a handkerchief, set up in the ster
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Movement against Jackson-fall of Jackson-Intercepting the enemy-battle of Champion's Hill (search)
kson and sent him the following order: It is evidently the design of the enemy to get north of us and cross the Big Black, and beat us into Vicksburg. We must not allow them to do this. Turn all your forces toward Bolton station, and make all dispatch in getting there. Move troops by the most direct road from wherever they may be on the receipt of this order. And to Blair I wrote: Their design is evidently to cross the Big Black and pass down the peninsula between the Big Black and Yazoo rivers. We must beat them. Turn your troops immediately to Bolton; take all the trains with you. Smith's division, and any other troops now with you, will go to the same place. If practicable, take parallel roads, so as to divide your troops and train. Johnston stopped on the Canton road only six miles north of Jackson, the night of the 14th. He sent from there to Pemberton dispatches announcing the loss of Jackson, and the following order: As soon as the reinforcements are all up, they
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