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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 37 1 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 2 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 5, 13th edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Emmet, Thomas Addis, 1763-1827 (search)
Emmet, Thomas Addis, 1763-1827 Patriot; born in Cork, Ireland, April 24, 1763; graduated at Trinity College, Dublin; first studied medicine, and then law, and was admitted to the Dublin bar in 1791. He became a leader of the Association of United Irishmen, and was one of a general committee whose ultimate object was to secure the freedom of Ireland from British rule. With many of his associates, he was arrested in 1798, and for more than two years was confined in Fort George, Scotland. His brother Robert, afterwards engaged in the same cause, was hanged in Dublin in 1803. Thomas was liberated and banished to France after the treaty of Amiens, the severest penalties being pronounced against him if he should return to Great Britain. His wife was permitted to join him, on condition that she should never again set foot on British soil. He came to the United States in 1804, and became very eminent in his profession in the city of New York. He was made attorneygeneral of the S
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George (William Frederick) 1737-1820 (search)
n to any other man, owed its present power and glory, was allowed to retire and have his place filled by this Scotch adventurer. The people of England were disgusted, and by this blunder George created a powerful opposition party at the beginning of his reign. The people of New York City, grateful for the repeal of the Stamp Act, voted a statue to the King and to Pitt. That of the former was equestrian, made of lead, and gilded. It was placed in the centre of the Bowling Green, near Fort George, at the foot of Broadway. Raised upon a pedestal, with the head of the King and the horse facing westward, it made an imposing appearance. It was set up, with great parade, Aug. 21, 1770. Within six years afterwards the people pulled it down, with demonstrations of contempt. Washington occupied New York with Continental troops in the summer of 1776. There he received the Declaration of Independence (July 9), and it was read to the army. The same evening a large concourse of soldier
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George, Fort, (search)
In the autumn of 1780, some Rhode Island Old relic at Fort George. Tory refugees took possession of the manor-house of Gentified it and the grounds around it, and named the works Fort George, which they designed as a depository of stores for theight, on account of a storm. At the mills, 2 miles from Fort George, he found a faithful guide, and at dawn he and his folloit Tallmadge received the thanks of Congress. Another Fort George was near the mouth of the Niagara River. After the capthe victors left that place early in May, 1813, to attack Fort George. Stormy weather had detained them at York for a week. ace 4 miles east of Fort Niagara. The British force at Fort George and vicinity, under General Vincent, then numbered aboutre. Arrangements were immediately made for an attack on Fort George. The commodore and Perry reconnoitred the enemy's batteral Vincent, satisfied that he must retreat, and knowing Fort George to be untenable, ordered the garrison to spike the guns,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hutchings, William 1764- (search)
ed, he continued to live until his death, May 2, 1866, excepting a short interval of time. He was a witness to the stirring scenes of the Massachusetts expedition to Penobscot in 1779, and aided (by compulsion) the British in the Remains of Fort George in 1860. construction of Fort George, on the peninsula. After the destruction of the British fleet, his father, who refused to take the oath of allegiance to the crown, retired to New Castle, where he remained until the close of the war. At tFort George, on the peninsula. After the destruction of the British fleet, his father, who refused to take the oath of allegiance to the crown, retired to New Castle, where he remained until the close of the war. At the age of fifteen, having acquired a man's stature, William entered the Continental army. He enlisted in a regiment of Massachusetts militia commanded by Col. Samuel McCobb, Capt. Benjamin Lemont's company, as a volunteer for six months. That was in the spring of 1780 or 1781; and he was honorably discharged about Christmas, the same year, at Cox's Head, at the mouth of the Kennebec River. He received an annual pension of $21.60 until 1865, when an annual gratuity of $300 was granted by Congr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York City (search)
the public temper, he had placed the stamps he had received in the hands of acting Governor Colden, who resided within Fort George, protected by a strong garrison under General Gage. Colden had strengthened the fort and replenished the magazine. Ter refreshments, and vivacious conversation. Putnam, on hearing of the landing at Kip's Bay, had struck his flag at Fort George, foot of Broadway, and made his way to Harlem Heights, sheltered from observation by intervening woods. Lord Dunmore,sh fleet ready to leave New York. Whitehall, and before 3 P. M. General Knox took formal possession of the city and of Fort George, amid the acclamations of thousands of citizens and of the roar of artillery at the Battery. Washington repaired to hirivate dwellings, and bonfires blazed at every corner. The British, on leaving, had nailed their flag to the staff in Fort George, and slushed the pole; but John Van Arsdale, a young sailor, soon took it down, and put the stars and stripes in its p
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Oglethorpe, James Edward 1698-1785 (search)
them. With his martial Scotchmen, Oglethorpe went on an expedition among the islands off the coast of Georgia, and on St. Simon's he founded Frederica and built a fort. At Darien, where a few Scotch people had planted a settlement, he traced out a fortification. Then he went to Cumberland Island, and there marked out a fort that would command the mouth of the St. Mary's River. On a small island at the entrance of the St. John's River he planned a small military work, which he named Fort George. He also founded Augusta, far up the Savannah River, and built a stockade as a defence against hostile Indians. These hostile preparations caused the Spaniards at St. Augustine to threaten war. Creek tribes offered their aid to Oglethorpe, and the Spaniards made a treaty of peace with the English. It was disapproved in Spain, and Oglethorpe was notified that a commissioner from Cuba would meet him at Frederica. They met. The Spaniard demanded the evacuation of all Georgia and a port
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wright, Sir James 1714-1785 (search)
ised in his native city; was made lieutenant-governor and chief-justice of South Carolina, May 13, 1760; became royal governor of Georgia in 1764, and was the last representative of the King to administer the affairs of that colony. His policy was acceptable to the people until he tried to enforce the provisions of the Stamp Act. The English vessel Speedwell arrived at Savannah with the stamped paper, Dec. 5, 1766. The Liberty boys endeavored to destroy this paper, but it was placed in Fort George, on Cockspur Island. Two years later the governor dismissed the Assembly after accusing it of insurrectionary conduct. In June, 1775, he tried to communicate with a number of British war-ships which had arrived at Tybee, but he was taken prisoner by Joseph Habersham. Later he escaped and reached the man-of-war Scarborough. Subsequently he returned to England, but in 1779, when the British held Savannah, he was ordered to resume his office. He permanently retired to England at the clos
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Yale, Elihu 1649-1721 (search)
Yale, Elihu 1649-1721 Philanthropist; born in New Haven, Conn., April 5, 1649; was educated in England. About 1678 he went to the East Indies where he remained twenty years and amassed a large estate. He was governor of Fort George there from 1687 to 1692. Mr. Yale married a native of the East Indies, by whom he had three daughters. He passed his latter days in England, where he was made governor of the East India Company and a fellow of the Royal Society. He remembered his native country with affection, and when the school that grew into a college was founded he gave donations to it amounting in the aggregate to about $2,000. It was given the name of Yale in his honor. He died in London, July 8, 1721.
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2, chapter 30 (search)
t myself. You inquire what I think of the Philadelphia riots. My reply is easy. I am disgusted with the imbecility of a police which should suffer an outrage of such an aggravated character. I am disgusted with the imbecility of the police throughout our whole country. In my opinion this should be strengthened, so that law and order everywhere may prevail, and every citizen recognize with respect the Government of his country. To sustain such a police were far better than to build Fort George at the mouth of Boston Harbor. The necessity for external military defences in all countries, particularly in our country, has passed by; and the stones which Colonel Thayer has skilfully piled up, the arches which he has builded, and the cunning defences that he has contrived, are all useless labors. Better far if the money which has been drained from the treasury for this purpose had been devoted to institutions of benevolence and learning, to colleges, academies, and hospitals. Th
icers of the navy and army, with great alacrity, gave him every assistance he required; and they ridiculed the thought that the government would repeal the Stamp Act, as the most singular delusion of party spirit. His son, whom he appointed temporary distributor, wrote on the same day to the commissioners of stamps, soliciting to hold the place permanently; for, he assured them, in a few months, the act would be quietly submitted to. David Colden to Commissioners of Stamp Office. Fort George, New-York, 26 Oct. 1765. But the people of New-York, one and all, cried out, Let us see who will dare put the Act into execution, upon the governor's appointment; we will take care of that. On the thirty-first of October, Colden and all he Oct. royal governors took the oath to carry the Stamp Act punctually into effect. In Connecticut, which, in chap. XIX.} 1765. Oct. its assembly, had already voted American taxation by a British parliament to be unprecedented and unconstitutional, Dyer