Browsing named entities in Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865. You can also browse the collection for Fort Henry (Tennessee, United States) or search for Fort Henry (Tennessee, United States) in all documents.

Your search returned 54 results in 9 document sections:

eres to his own plan of operations. fall of Fort Henry. conference at Bowling Green. memorandum oought—either up the Tennessee River, against Fort Henry, or up the Cumberland, against Fort Donelso the bridge over the Tennessee River, should Fort Henry fall into the hands of the enemy. He delayed having now asked what was the strength of Forts Henry and Donelson, General Johnston said they weoad. In view of the importance of holding Fort Henry, then seriously threatened by the Federal foome untenable also, should Grant's attack on Fort Henry succeed; At Centreville, Va., and before On the 6th of February, after the fall of Fort Henry, Brigadier-General Bushrod R. Johnson had aris official report, brought to the attack of Fort Henry, on the 6th of February, a force of fifteen ifteen thousand men, and would have regained Fort Henry and the control of the Tennessee River. Thes for other works on the Mississippi, or for Fort Henry, on the Tennessee. The latter was a small a[15 more...]
luded nearly all the forces under General Polk. It was to be apprehended that General Grant, by marching westward from Fort Henry to Union City or Clinton—some sixty or seventy miles—after forming a junction with part of the forces under General Pop Paris, was to watch and report the passage of any gunboats or transports up the Tennessee River, from the direction of Fort Henry, extending its pickets as near as possible to Mayfield, which was then occupied by Federal cavalry, keeping the latter lming forces, the Federal army, under General Grant, with or without the cooperation of Pope's command, might move from Fort Henry, upon the rear of Columbus, or execute a still more dreaded movement by ascending the Tennessee River to Hamburg or Easently befallen our arms on the Kentucky border. The Tennessee River is in possession of the enemy since the capture of Fort Henry. The evacuation of Bowling Green, and subsequent fall of Fort Donelson, with large loss of officers, men, arms, and mu
gton, protected by a line of cavalry pickets thrown well out in advance, from Hickman, on the Mississippi, to Paris, near the Tennessee River. Mounted parties, supplied with light artillery, patrolled the west bank of the latter stream, and kept General Beauregard well informed of the movements of the enemy's boats. During the evacuation of Columbus, reports of great preparations for an offensive movement had reached General Beauregard from the Federal rendezvous at Cairo, Paducah, and Fort Henry. Pope's forces were then moving upon New Madrid, the left of our river defences, and it seemed evident that the abandonment of Columbus must necessarily stimulate active hostile operations in the valley. Convinced that there was early danger to be apprehended from the direction of the Tennessee River, which might result in completely isolating General Johnston's forces, General Beauregard, who now had the assurance of being soon joined by General Bragg and the reinforcements promised h
t was the enthusiasm pervading all classes of the population, that even religious congregations gave up their church-bells, while women offered their brass candlesticks and andirons. By the 8th of March, the busy preparations of the enemy at Fort Henry, up the Tennessee River, indicated an early offensive movement, to meet which the greatest activity on our part was necessary. On the 13th, five Federal divisions arrived at Savannah, twelve miles below Pittsburg Landing, and on the opposite sal forces been handled with confidence and offensively pressed forward, they must have dispersed the troops he had then assembled there, especially as more than half of the Federal army consisted of seasoned troops, fresh from the successes of Forts Henry and Donelson, with supports at convenient distances, and abundantly supplied with munitions for offensive operations. In fact, General Johnston, regarding Corinth as too close to the Tennessee River, as a point of concentration on our side, h
ing force, and the prolongation of our presence in front of their positions before the hour for battle, next morning; that the Federal army would, no doubt, be found intrenched to the eyes, and ready for our attack; that it was unwise to push, against breastworks, troops so raw and undisciplined as ours, badly armed and worse equipped, while their antagonists, besides the advantage of number, position, discipline, and superiority of arms, were largely composed of men lately victorious at Forts Henry and Donelson; that, from his experience in the war with Mexico and, more recently, at Manassas and Centreville, he considered volunteers, when well commanded and occupying strong defensive positions, equal to regulars, if attacked in front, as the Federals would be by us; General Sherman, in his Memoirs, says of the Federal position: The position was naturally strong, with Snake Creek on our right, a deep, bold stream, with a confluent (Owl Creek) to our right front, and Lick Creek, wi
wo works were more or less connected by rifle-pits. The river was high at that season of the year, and the eight Confederate gunboats, under Commodore Hollins, could easily rake the approaches to the above-named forts. General Force, From Fort Henry to Corinth, pp. 68, 69. On or about the 12th of March, General McCown's forces, exclusive of the gunboats—which were not under his orders, but had come to co-operate with him—consisted of twelve regiments and one battalion of infantry, fived day of the bombardment (what must it not have been on the last!), uses this language: Thirteen-inch shells exploding in the ground made caverns in the soil. Water stood on the ground within, and the artillerists waded in mud and water. From Fort Henry to Corinth, p. 80. Lieutenant-Colonel Cook, of the 12th Arkansas, had been placed in command of the Island on the morning of the 7th, by order of General Mackall. Having had news, on the evening of that day, that General Pope's forces had effe
After the battle of Shiloh the Confederate troops resumed their former positions, except the forces under General Breckinridge, composing the rear guard, which for several days remained at Mickey's house, General Force, in his book, From Fort Henry to Corinth, p. 182, says: . . . Breckinridge remained at Mickey's three days, guarding the rear, and by the end of the week Beauregard's army was again in Corinth. The battle sobered both armies. some three or four miles from the battlefield, oided all mention of the imaginary pursuit by General Pope's army, first to Rienzi, then to Baldwin, then to Blackland, where, he says, an order to attack had already been issued, when General Buell arrived at the front and suspended it. From Fort Henry to Corinth, by General Force, p. 190. But General Force himself must have been aware of the weakness of his authority, for after endorsing, to some extent, the report about the ten thousand prisoners and fifteen thousand stand of arms captured
our communication would be cut off by the enemy as soon as those two rivers shall have risen sufficiently to admit the entrance of their gunboats and transports. The best positions for said works are about forty miles below forts Donelson and Henry, not far from Eddysville, where those two rivers come within one and a half miles of each other. I am informed there is at that point a commanding elevation where a strong field-work could be constructed for a garrison of about twenty-five hundry to separate himself from his Army of the Potomac to go West in a new field, at a most gloomy period of our revolution; then, with scanty resources, to form a new army, under every possible disadvantage, consequent upon the unexpected fall of forts Henry and Donelson, he was found equal to every emergency; and then at the battle of Shiloh, and in the masterly retreat from Corinth, saved that army. We know the enthusiasm with which his return would inspire our noble army, who long to see him,
* * * * * The wretched military position of Fort Henry, and the small force at my disposal, did notlock A. M., on the 5th, I sent forward, from Fort Henry, a strong reconnoitring party of cavalry. Tld explain fully the unfortunate location of Fort Henry, in reference to resistance by a small forceho have become familiar with the location of Fort Henry. Nor do I desire the defects of location tobe held, if properly reinforced, even though Fort Henry should fall; but the reverse of this proposig of our centre, resting on Forts Donelson and Henry. The latter alternative was all that I deemedle; trusting that the delay, by an action at Fort Henry, would give time for such reinforcement as mhole duty to my government in the defence of Fort Henry, with the totally inadequate means at my diss. On that occasion it was determined that, Fort Henry having fallen, and Fort Donelson not being le enemy, consequent upon the capitulation of Fort Henry, must break the direct communication between[5 more...]