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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 19: events in the Mississippi Valley.--the Indians. (search)
vate peace and friendship with the inhabitants of all the States. He earnestly urged them to observe a strict neutrality, and to maintain a trust that God would not only keep from their borders the desolation of war, but stay its ravages among the brotherhood of States. But Ross and his loyal adherents among the Cherokees and Creeks were overborne by the tide of rebellion, and were swept on, powerless, by its tremendous current. The forts on the frontier of Texas (Gibson, Arbuckle, and Washita), used for their defense, had, as we have observed, been abandoned by United States troops, in consequence of the treason of Twiggs, and the Indians were threatened by an invasion from that State. Fort Smith, on the boundary-line, between Arkansas and the Indian Territory, The boundary-line runs through the fort. It is at the confluence of the Arkansas and Poteau Rivers, and near it is the city of Fort Smith, at which an immense trade with the Indians and New Mexicans was carried on be
s, have a more or less extended reputation for their adaptation to special requirements, being used either dry or moistened with water or with oil. The Turkey oil-stone, which comes from Asia Minor, is generally known, and is employed for imparting an edge to chisels, plane-bits, and all the finer varieties of cutting-tools. It is usually cemented in a slab of wood and provided with a wooden cover. The finest variety of stone suitable for hones is found in Arkansas, and is also known as Washita. The metallic hone is a small round bar of steel, with fine longitudinal striations. For use it is moistened with oil and sprinkled with rottenstone or other fine abradant. Fayrer's swing hone is a strip of brass pivoted at each end, so as to adjust itself to the edge of the razor. An abrading powder mixed with oil is applied upon one side, on which the razor is roughly sharpened, when the brass slip is turned and a keen edge imparted by the other side, moistened with a finer compos
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 29: in Caddo. (search)
. But as a rule the poorer people in a district cannot seek new homes. Like plants and animals, they must brave their lot or sink into the soil. To many fugitives from Choctaw lodges and Chickasaw tents, Caddo has become a home. The site on which these outcasts have squatted is a piece of ground abandoned by the Caddoes, a small and wandering tribelet, who in former days --whipt these creeks for fish and raked these woods for game. Reduced in numbers, the Caddoes have moved into the Washita region, leaving their ancient hunting-fields to the coyotes and wolves. In theory the district lies in Choctaw country, but the Choctaws never occupied this valley, and the coming in of railway men, with teams and tools, induced the nearer families to move their lodges farther back. Caddo, abandoned to the iron horse and liberated slave, became a town. A Negro has no legal right to squat in Caddo, but squatting is the game of folks who stand outside the ordinary law. Others, besides unem
More Fort Seizures. Fort Smith, Ark., Feb. 6. --It is stated that Texas has threatened to take possession of Washita, Cobb, and Arbuckle, in the Indian Territory. The Overland mail conductor reports that the Arsenal was taken possession of Saturday night, by the State troops of Arkansas.
Interesting from Northern Texas. --The Galveston Civilian has the following dispatch from Houston, dated McKinney, May 6: We are in a blaze of excitement just at this time. Lincoln had reinforced Fort Washita, and the natives became somewhat alarmed on the second instant. Runners from Sherman were sent to this and adjoining counties for men to go over to Washita and capture them and take their arms. The next day about one hundred and twenty-five men started from here and went to the call; other companies did the same; and on their arrival on Red river they numbered seven hundred men. In the meantime, the United States troops being apprised of our intentions, retreated to Fort Arbuckle, and also got the force from Fort Cobb, making their numbers about eight hundred. Our troops are now holding them at bay, and have sent for reinforcements. The dispatch arrived here last evening, and to day about one hundred men have left here, and I understand about two hundred from Lam
er, of the 1st inst., that Col. H. E. McCulloch's regiment had gone to garrison posts on the Red river; that Lieut. Col. Baylor's battalion was to leave that day to garrison other posts on the border; that Major Waller, with two companies of artillery, McCailister's company of infantry, and Capt. Buquor's company, were marching on similar service. Col. Young, of the Texas State troop had reported officially to the Governor respection the abandonment by the U. S. troops of Arbuckle and Washita, and of their retreat into Kansas, Fort Cobb, it was supposed, had also been abandoned. Governor Clark, the thoughtful and resolute Executive of the State, was in San Antonic, and the citizens of the place were giving him a very warm welcome. Lieutenant Whipple, of the third U. S. Infantry, was in bad odor. He had given his parole, before being 1st loose, to the gallant Col. Van Dorn, and violated it instantly. A letter written by him is published in the Ledger. It shows that h