picking out faulty berries.
In some establishments the beans are cured by a blast of warm dry air introduced into a chamber beneath the berries.
A small hand-mill in which roasted coffee-berries are ground by passing between the serrated surfaces of opposed steel disks or rollers, or roller and concave, as the case may be.
Coffee is the berry of the Coffea Arabica, a shrub of the order rubiaccoe, and its fruit resembles the cherry.
Bruce says that it is native in Abyssinia.
The use of the infusion as a beverage cannot be traced back very far. It was carried by Selim from Egypt to Constantinople, but does not appear to have been publicly sold till 1554.
Its use was forbidden by the mufti, but again permitted by an edict of Solyman the Great.
The Venetians brought it from the Levant in 1615, and in 1645 it was introduced into Marseilles.
Coffee was introduced into England by Daniel Edwards, a Turkey merchant, in 1657.
The first coffee-house in England w
nsiderable elevations above the sea, where the thermometer never ranges very high.
At least one natural ice-house has been discovered on Mount Etna, where a vast deposit of snow, covered by a mass of ashes and lava, has been preserved for untold ages.
The highest natural temperature authentically recorded was at Bagdad, in 1819, when the themometer in the shade indicated 120° Fah. On the west coast of Africa the heat is nearly as great.
The men employed in the English expedition to Abyssinia think that Aden is the hottest hole on earth.
Burckhardt, in Egypt, and Humboldt, in South America, observed 117° Fah. in the shade.
About—70° is the lowest temperature observed by our Arctic navigators.
Natterer, a German chemist, obtained—220° Fah. Faraday obtained—166° Fah. Neither succeeded in freezing pure alcohol or ether.
Fig. 2642 is a sectional view of an ice-house for brewers and butchers.
It has an ice-chamber B and cooling-vault A, provided with one or more venti
t is not probable any great proportion of the inhabitants of any country will make special provision for avoiding the danger.
Professor Arago classed several well-known sites according to the frequency of their storms, from the best information he could obtain.
His list begins as follows: —
Days of Thunder
2. Patna (India) supposed to average53
3. Rio Janeiro averages50.6
4. Maryland (U. S.) supposed to average41
Abyssinia supposed to average38
8. Viviers (France) averages24.7
9. Quebec averages23.3
Buenos Ayres averages22.5
Denainvilliers (France) averages20.6
The lowest average he gives is that of Cairo in Egypt, three days of thunder per annum.
That of Paris and most of the European cities is about fifteen days. He estimates the days of thunder at New York to be about the same.
Lightning rods, points, and Attachements.
Fig. 2954 exhibits some of the num
quity are buried beneath the surface, and some of the ancient buildings yet remaining, which were originally placed outside of the cultivatable land, are now surrounded by arable tracts.
The cause of the inundation is the water that falls in Abyssinia in the rainy season.
Homer and the Koran are right in ascribing it to water sent by God from heaven.
Calisthenes, the pupil of Aristotle, and afterward Agatharcides of Cnidus (2d century B. C.), and Strabo, ascribed it to the same true soururing low water the rate of flow is from 1 1/3 to 2 knots per hour.
The immediate banks of the river are seldom covered, and serve as highways.
The general breadth of the river is about 1/3 of a mile.
It receives no tributaries after leaving Abyssinia, and consequently does not increase in size.
A low Nile causes famine.
We read of such in Genesis; one A. D. 1200, cited in Abdollatiph's History of Egypt; two in 1784 – 85, mentioned by Volney.
The latter was very destructive, and was cau
3. (Fabric.) A kind of fustian having a fourleaved twill.
4. A cushion for the head.
The ancient Egyptians used a head-rest for a pillow (b), very similar to that now used in China and called a head-stool, or rather by its equivalent in Chinese.
It looks uncomfortable, but no doubt was preferred to our kind of pillow in a hot climate.
These Egyptian head-rests are mentioned by Porphyry.
They were made of wood or alabaster.
They are still used in China, Japan, Abyssinia, Ashantee, and Otaheite.
Wood, stone, and earthen ware are the modern as they were the ancient materials.
They are from 4 1/2 to 10 inches high.
Many of them are preserved in the British Museum. One of wood, 6 1/4 inches high, and inscribed with the name and titles of Mas-khar-hao.
Another of arragonite, 6 7/8 inches high, with a fluted column, and the name and titles of Atai in front.
Others might be cited.
It appears to have been a regular piece of household furniture.
early part of the late war, but most, if not all, of the material was subsequently turned into store.
Rockets are, in fact, not adapted for use in a wooded country, not being susceptible of great accuracy of aim; and being diverted from their course by the slightest obstacle, they produce but little effect on disciplined troops, and are only available for firing buildings or frightening cavalry horses.
They were, however, used by the English forces in the war against Theodore, king of Abyssinia, — a lineal descendant, according to the tradition of his country, of the Queen of Sheba.
War-rockets are fired from a trough or tube, which has usually a stop near the muzzle end to detain the rocket until sufficient propulsive power is developed to insure its starting in the proper direction.
The tube is sometimes mounted on a tripod-stand and pivoted, so that the required direction and elevation may be given; or it is mounted on a carriage after the manner of a field-piece, in whi
l keelson secured on each side of and parallel to the main keelson.
The sisterkeel-sons are bolted to the floor-timbers.
A side keelson.
（Music.) A jingling instrument of ancient Egypt.
It had four loose rods in a lyre-shaped metallic head.
It was, in fact, a rattle made of bronze or silver, according to ability.
It was used in the services of Isis or Athor, which were introduced into Rome before the Christian era.
It is still used in Christian churches in Nubia and Abyssinia.
A hip-bath in which a person assumes a sitting posture.
（Weapon.) A colloquial name for the six-chambered revolver.
1. A gelatinous solution made by boiling the skin and membraneous tissues of animals to a jelly.
The finest is made in Russia from the sounds and air-bladders of sturgeon, and is called isinglass.
A coarser quality is made from scraps and clippings of hides, hoofs, horns, etc., and the jelly or size result
n well; etc.
A hollow newel in a staircase.
A bag of flaxseed — known as a seed-bag — or some other material placed around a well-tube in an oilwell to isolate the oil-bearing strata from water above or below.
A winding staircase built around a hollow newel.
The driven-well, invented by Colonel Nelson W. Green, 76th Regiment New York Volunteers, at Cortland, N. Y., 1862.
Used by the British army in Abyssinia.
Colonel E. L. Drake of New York, subsequently of Titusville, Pa., drove his oiltubes to the rock, after which he bored.
The practice of sinking fresh-water wells by this method has now become common in sections adapted to this mode.
Fig. 7153 shows one in which the inner tube — which prevented the passage of gravel or sand through the holes in the outer one while driving — is subsequently drawn up to expose the holes.