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M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 12 0 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 4 0 Browse Search
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 2 0 Browse Search
Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews (ed. William Whiston, A.M.) 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: March 5, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 2, chapter 29 (search)
ians, and half Egyptians. Near the island is a great lake, on whose shores live nomadic Ethiopians. After crossing this, you come to the stream of the Nile, which empties into this lake. Then you disembark and journey along the river bank for forty days; for there are sharp projecting rocks in the Nile and many reefs, through which no boat can pass. Having traversed this part in forty days as I have said, you take boat again and so travel for twelve days until you come to a great city called Meroe, which is said to be the capital of all Ethiopia. The people of the place worship no other gods but Zeus and Dionysus;The Greek equivalents for Amun and Osiris. these they greatly honor, and they have a place of divination sacred to Zeus; they send out armies whenever and wherever this god through his oracle commands themHerodotus' account of the Nile in this chapter is for the most part vague and untrustworthy. He is right as to the current above Elephantine, as those who have made the pass
Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews (ed. William Whiston, A.M.), Book 2, section 243 (search)
wer and mischief, and an unusual fierceness of sight, some of which ascend out of the ground unseen, and also fly in the air, and so come upon men at unawares, and do them a mischief,) Moses invented a wonderful stratagem to preserve the army safe, and without hurt; for he made baskets, like unto arks, of sedge, and filled them with ibes, Pliny speaks of these birds called ibes; and says, "The Egyptians invoked them against the serpents," Hist. Nat. B. X. ch. 28. Strabo speaks of this island Meroe, and these rivers Astapus and Astaboras, B. XVI. p. 771, 786; and B XVII. p. 82]. and carried them along with them; which animal is the greatest enemy to serpents imaginable, for they fly from them when they come near them; and as they fly they are caught and devoured by them, as if it were done by the harts; but the ibes are tame creatures, and only enemies to the serpentine kind: but about these ibes I say no more at present, since the Greeks themselves are not unacquainted with this sort
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Attica, chapter 33 (search)
the river Ocean. For the Aethiopians, they say, dwell near it, and Ocean is the father of Nemesis. It is not the river Ocean, but the farthest part of the sea navigated by man, near which dwell the Iberians and the Celts, and Ocean surrounds the island of Britain. But of the Aethiopians beyond Syene, those who live farthest in the direction of the Red Sea are the Ichthyophagi (Fish-eaters), and the gulf round which they live is called after them. The most righteous of them inhabit the city Meroe and what is called the Aethiopian plain. These are they who show the Table of the Sun,A meadow near the city of the Aethiopians, in which they dined. and they have neither sea nor river except the Nile. There are other Aethiopians who are neighbours of the Mauri and extend as far as the Nasamones. For the Nasamones, whom Herodotus calls the Atlantes, and those who profess to know the measurements of the earth name the Lixitae, are the Libyans who live the farthest close to Mount Atlas, and
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Elis 1, chapter 7 (search)
e story. For when he despatched Archias the Corinthian to found Syracuse he uttered this oracle:An isle, Ortygia, lies on the misty oceanOver against Trinacria, where the mouth of Alpheius bubblesMingling with the springs of broad Arethusa.For this reason, therefore, because the water of the Alpheius mingles with the Arethusa, I am convinced that the legend arose of the river's love-affair. Those Greeks or Egyptians who have gone up into Ethiopia beyond Syene as far as the Ethiopian city of Meroe all say that the Nile enters a lake, and passes through it as though it were dry land, and that after this it flows through lower Aethiopia into Egypt before coming down into the sea at Pharos. And in the land of the Hebrews, as I can myself bear witness, the river Jordan passes through a lake called Tiberias, and then, entering another lake called the Dead Sea, it disappears in it. The Dead Sea has the opposite qualities to those of any other water. Living creatures float in it naturally
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley), book 2, line 526 (search)
re Syene 'neath its noontide sun ' Knows shade on neither hand: Being (as was supposed) exactly under the Equator. Syene (the modern Assouan) is the town mentioned by the priest of Sais, who told Herodotus that 'between Syene and Elephantine are two hills with conical tops. The name of one of them is Crophi, and of the other, Mophi. Mid-way between them are the fountains of the Nile.' (Herod., II., chapter 28.) And see 'Paradise Regained,' IV., 70: Syene, and where the shadow both way falls, Meroe, Nilotick isle; ... all these have learned ' To fear Pompeius: and far Baetis' Baetis is the Guadalquivir. stream, ' Last of all floods to join the refluent sea. ' Arabia and the warlike hordes that dwell ' Beside the Euxine wave: the famous land ' That lost the golden fleece; Cilician wastes, ' And Cappadocian, and the Jews who pray ' Before an unknown God; Sophene soft- ' All felt my yoke. What conquests now remain, ' What wars not civil can my kinsman wage? ' No loud acclaim received hi
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley), book 4, line 254 (search)
, the juice within. Happy the host that onward marching finds Its savage enemy has fouled the wells With murderous venom; hadst thou, Caesar, cast The reeking filth of shambles in the stream, And henbane dire and all the poisonous herbs That lurk on Cretan slopes, still had they drunk The fatal waters, rather than endure Such lingering agony. Their bowels racked With torments as of flame; the swollen tongue And jaws now parched and rigid, and the veins; Each laboured breath with anguish from the lungs Enfeebled, moistureless, is scarcely drawn, And scarce again returned; and yet agape, Their panting mouths suck in the nightly dew; They watch for showers from heaven, and in despair Gaze on the clouds, whence lately poured a flood. Nor were their tortures less that Meroe Saw not their sufferings, nor Cancer's zone, Nor where the Garamantian turns the soil; But Sicoris and Iberus at their feet, Two mighty floods, but far beyond their reach, Rolled down in measureless volume to the main.
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley), book 10, line 107 (search)
nquet sought in earth and air And from the deepest seas and Nilus' waves, Through all the world; in craving for display, No hunger urging. Frequent birds and beasts, Egypt's high gods, they placed upon the board: In crystal goblets water of the Nile They handed, and in massive cups of price Was poured the wine; no juice of Mareot grape,Yet the Mareot grape was greatly celebrated. (See Professor Rawlinson's note to Herodotus, ii, 18.) But noble vintage of Falernian growth Which seasons few in Meroe's famous vats Had mellowed as with age. Upon their brows Chaplets were placed of roses ever young With glistening nard entwined; and in their locks Was cinnamon infused, not yet in air Its fragrance perished, nor in foreign climes; And rich amomum from the neighbouring fields. Thus Caesar learned the booty of a world To lavish, and his breast was shamed of war Waged with his son-in-law, from whose defeat His spoils were meagre, and he longed to find A cause of battle with the Pharian realm.
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley), book 10, line 194 (search)
ing heat ' Consume the lands: and rising thus to meet ' Enkindled Lion, to Syene's prayers ' By Cancer burnt gives ear; nor curbs his wave ' Till the slant sun and Meroe's lengthening shades ' Proclaim the autumn. Who shall give the cause? ' 'Twas Parent Nature's self which gave command ' Thus for the needs of earth should flow thething holes ' Deep in the earth, within whose mighty jaws ' Waters in noiseless current underneath ' From northern cold to southern climes are drawn; 'And when hot Meroe pants beneath the sun, ' Then, say they, Ganges through the silent depths ' And Padus pass: and from a single fount ' The Nile arising not in single streams ' Pourflood ' Untimely; such thy right: to other lands ' Bearing thy winter: and by both the poles ' Thou only wanderest. Here men ask thy rise ' And there thine ending. Meroe rich in soil 'And tilled by swarthy husbandmen divides 'Thy broad expanse, rejoicing in the leaves 'Of groves of ebony, which though spreading far 'Their branching
Correction of an Error. We yesterday made a mistake over which, we suppose, all the school boys of the town have been chuckling, if they have time, in these bustling days, to think of anything so common place as their school books. We called MŒris, Meroe, substituting the great city for the great lake. We certainly knew better, yet we made the mistake. We are not sorry for it, however, since it furnishes us with another occasion to show, not only that there is, literally, nothing new under the sun, but that the ancients did some things on a scale and in a style which the moderns cannot hope to rival. Lake MŒris was said by Herodotus to have been 3,600 stadia in circumference. Now, as a stadium was 202 of our yards, this would give a circumference of 414 miles. The diameter, then, was about 138 miles, and the area equal, we should think, to the whole country bounded by a line running from Richmond to the North Carolina line, the James River from Richmond to Lynchburg, a