Libyan king of the Libyans on the Egyptian border, having his head-quarters
at Marea, the town above Pharos, caused a revolt of almost the whole of
Egypt from King Artaxerxes, and placing himself at its head, invited the
Athenians to his assistance.
Abandoning a Cyprian expedition upon which they happened to be engaged with
two hundred ships of their own and their allies, they arrived in Egypt and
sailed from the sea into the Nile, and making themselves masters of the
river and two-thirds of Memphis, addressed themselves to the attack of the
remaining third, which is called White Castle.
Within it were Persians and Medes who had taken refuge there, and Egyptians
who had not joined the rebellion.
ians to invade
Attica and so draw off the Athenians from Egypt.
Finding that the matter made no progress, and that the money was only being
wasted, he recalled Megabazus with the remainder of the money, and sent
Megabuzus, son of Zopyrus, a Persian, with a large army to Egypt.
Arriving by land he defeated the Egyptians and their allies in a battle,
and drove the Hellenes out of Memphis, and at length shut them up in the
island of Prosopitis, where he besieged them for a year and six months.
At last, draining the canal of its waters, which he diverted into another
channel, he left their ships high and dry and joined most of the island to
the mainland, and then marched over on foot and captured it.