y the doctor to be of undoubted authenticity.
They were found at Thebes:—
Iron helmet, neck-guard, and breast-plate of scale armor, with the name of Shishak, who invaded Judea 971 B. C.
An iron spatula, iron arrow-head, warrior's flail with iron studs, and some emblematic articles of iron.
The ancient iron mines of the Egyptians have been lately discovered by English explorers.
The process was wasteful, and the slag contains 53 per cent of iron.
The sites are in the vicinity of Mt. Sinai, and it is proposed to work over the debris of the former workings.
Of the first use of iron in Egypt, Wilkinson says, we have no certain record.
His surprise at the execution of the sculptures is very natural, but he does not appear to have estimated the character of the alloys of copper and tin, some of which are very hard.
(See alloy; bronze.) Belzoni discovered an iron sickle-blade beneath a granite sphinx at Karnak.
Colonel Vyce found an iron blade imbedded in the great pyramid.
Previous to the tenth century, the manuscripts were written in capital letters, and without a space between the words.
The three most important and valuable of them are the Sinaitic, the Vatican, and the Alexandrian, many of whose various readings are given by Tischendorf in his Leipsic edition of the English New Testament.
The Sinaitic manuscript, critically marked Aleph, written on parchment, was discovered by Tischendorf, February 4, 1859, in the convent of St. Catharine, on Mount Sinai, in Arabia, and published by him in fac-simile in 1862, and in the common type in 1865.
It contains the entire New Testament, and is deposited in the Imperial Library at St. Petersburg.
It was printed in Leipsic for the Emperor of Russia, to be a memorial of the thousandth anniversary of his king- dom. It is in uncial characters, apparently of the fourth century.
The Vatican manuscript, marked B, also written about the middle of the fourth century, has been published only since 1857.