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Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 20 0 Browse Search
Flavius Josephus, The Life of Flavius Josephus (ed. William Whiston, A.M.) 8 0 Browse Search
Aeschylus, Persians (ed. Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D.) 6 0 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 6 0 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 4 0 Browse Search
Aristophanes, Wasps (ed. Eugene O'Neill, Jr.) 4 0 Browse Search
Aristophanes, Acharnians (ed. Anonymous) 4 0 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 4 0 Browse Search
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 4 0 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 1-10 2 0 Browse Search
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Aeschylus, Persians (ed. Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D.), line 1 (search)
f gold,we whom Xerxes, our King, Darius' royal son, himself selected, by virtue of our rank and years, to be the guardians of his realm. Yet as regards the return of our King and of his host, so richly decked out in gold,the soul within my breast is distressed and presages disaster. For the whole populace of the Asian nation has come and murmurs against its youthful King, nor does any courier or horsemanarrive at the city of the Persians, who left behind them the walled defence of Susa and Agbatana and Cissa's ancient ramparts, and went forth, some on horseback, some in galleys, others on footpresenting a dense array of war. Such are Amistres and Artaphrenes and Megabates and Astaspes, marshals of the Persians; kings themselves, yet vassals of the Great King,they press on, commanders of an enormous host, skilled in archery and horsemanship, formidable to look upon and fearful in battle through the valiant resolve of their souls. Artembares, too, who fights from his chariot,and Masis
Aeschylus, Persians (ed. Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D.), line 532 (search)
Chorus O sovereign Zeus, by destroying the army of the haughty and multitudinous Persians,you have shrouded in the gloom of grief the city of Susa and of Agbatana! Many a woman, who has a share in this sorrow, tears her veil with tender handsand moistens with drenching tears the robe covering her bosom. And the Persian wives, indulging in soft wailing through longing to behold their lords and abandoning the daintily wrought coverlets of their couches, the delight of their youth,mourn with complainings that know no end. So I too sustain the truly woeful fate of those who are gone.
Aeschylus, Persians (ed. Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D.), line 950 (search)
Xerxes Yes, for the Ionian naval force, turning the tide of battle, swept them away, the Ionian host, ravaging the dark sea and the shore of doom. Chorus Woe! woe! cry aloud, learn about the whole disaster. Where is the rest of the multitude of your comrades? Where are those who stood by your side, such as Pharandaces, Susas, Pelagon, Dotamas, andAgdabatas, Psammis, and Susiscanes of Agbatana?
Aristophanes, Knights (ed. Eugene O'Neill, Jr.), line 1060 (search)
against the snares of the greedy fist. Demos Of what greedy fist? Sausage-Seller The god in this oracle very clearly points to the hand of Cleon, who incessantly holds his out, saying, “Fill it.” Cleon That's a lie! Phoebus means the hand of Diopeithes. But here I have a winged oracle, which promises you shall become an eagle and rule over all the earth. Sausage-Seller I have one, which says that you shall be King of the Earth and of the Red Sea too, and that you shall administer justice in Ecbatana, eating fine rich stews the while. Cleon I have seen Athena in a dream, pouring out full vials of riches and health over the people. Sausage-Seller I too have seen the goddess, descending from the Acropolis with an owl perched upon her helmet; on your head she was pouring out ambrosia, on that of Cleon garlic pickle. Demos Truly Glanis is the wisest of men. I shall yield myself to you; guide me in my old age and educate me anew. Cleon Ah! I adjure you! not yet; wait a little; I will promise
Aristophanes, Wasps (ed. Eugene O'Neill, Jr.), line 1122 (search)
tis. Bdelycleon No wonder. It's only at Sardis you could have seen them, and you have never been there. Philocleon Of course not, but it seems to me exactly like the mantle Morychus sports. Bdelycleon Not at all; I tell you they are woven at Ecbatana. Philocleon What! are there woollen ox-guts then at Ecbatana? Bdelycleon Whatever are you talking about? These are woven by the barbarians at great cost. I am certain this pelisse has consumed more than a talent of wool. Philocleon It shouldEcbatana? Bdelycleon Whatever are you talking about? These are woven by the barbarians at great cost. I am certain this pelisse has consumed more than a talent of wool. Philocleon It should be called wool-waster then instead of pelisse. Bdelycleon Come, father, just hold stillfor a moment and put it on. PhilocleonOh! horrors! what a waft of heat the hussy sends up my nose! Bdelycleon Will you have done with this fooling? Philocleon No by Zeus. But my good lad, if need be, I prefer you should put me in the oven. Bdelycleon Come, I will put it round you. There! Philocleon At all events, bring out a crook. Bdelycleon Why, whatever for? Philocleon To drag me out of it before
Demosthenes, Philippic 4, section 34 (search)
For my part, whenever I see a man afraid of one who dwells at Susa and Ecbatana and insisting that he is ill-disposed to Athens, though he helped to restore our fortunes in the past and was even now making overtures to usThe Persians helped Conon, when he defeated the Lacedaemonians off Cnidus in 394. In 345 Artaxerxes appealed to the leading Greek states for help in putting down the revolt of Egypt. Thebes and Argos sent auxiliaries, but Athens and Sparta refused.(and if you did not accept them but voted their rejection, the fault is not his); and when I find the same man using very different language about this plunderer of the Greeks, who is extending his power, as you see, at our very doors and in the heart of Greece, I am
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 9, Chapter 20 (search)
g peoples and became for the Medes the founder of their universal empire; and after him each of his successive descendants extended the kingdom by adding a great deal of the adjoining country, until the reign of Astyages, who was conquered by Cyrus and the Persians.In 549 B.C. We have for the present given only the most important of these events in summary and shall later give a detailed account of them one by one when we come to the periods in which they fall; for it was in the second year of the Seventeenth Olympiad,711-710 B.C. according to Herodotus, that Cyaxares was chosen king of the Medes.]Diod. 2.32.2-3.[When Astibaras, the king of the Medes, died of old age in Ecbatana, his son Aspandas, whom the Greeks call Astyages, succeeded to the throne. And when he had been defeated by Cyrus the Persian, the kingdom passed to the Persians. Of them we shall give a detailed and exact account at the proper time.]Diod. 2.34. 6.
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XI, Chapter 36 (search)
after the issue had already been decided, as well as many other peoples of Asia, since an overwhelming desire for their liberty entered the hearts of the inhabitants of the cities of Asia. Therefore practically all of them gave no thought either to hostagesHeld by the Persians as sureties of the faithfulness of the Greek contingents to their oaths of loyalty to the Persians. or to oaths, but they joined with the other Greeks in slaying the barbarians in their flight. This was the manner in which the Persians suffered defeat, and there were slain of them more than forty thousand, while of the survivors some found refuge in the camp and others withdrew to Sardis. And when Xerxes learned of both the defeat in Plataea and the rout of his own troops in Mycale, he left a portion of his armament in Sardis to carry on the war against the Greeks, while he himself, in bewilderment, set out with the rest of his army on the way to Ecbatana.
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 1, chapter 98 (search)
wer, he forced the Medes to build him one city and to fortify and care for this more strongly than all the rest. The Medes did this for him, too. So he built the big and strong walls, one standing inside the next in circles, which are now called Ecbatana.Modern Hamadan, probably; but see Rawlinson's note. This fortress is so designed that each circle of walls is higher than the next outer circle by no more than the height of its battlements; to which plan the site itself, on a hill in the plain,Hamadan, probably; but see Rawlinson's note. This fortress is so designed that each circle of walls is higher than the next outer circle by no more than the height of its battlements; to which plan the site itself, on a hill in the plain, contributes somewhat, but chiefly it was accomplished by skill. There are seven circles in all; within the innermost circle are the palace and the treasuries; and the longest wall is about the length of the wall that surrounds the city of Athens.About eight miles, according to a scholiast's note on Thucyd. ii. 13; but this is disputed. The battlements of the first circle are white, of the second black, of the third circle purple, of the fourth blue, and of the fifth orange: thus the battlemen
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 1, chapter 110 (search)
So saying, he sent a messenger at once to one of Astyages' cowherds, who he knew pastured his herds in the likeliest spots and where the mountains were most infested with wild beasts. The man's name was Mitradates, and his wife was a slave like him; her name was in the Greek language Cyno, in the Median Spako: for “spax” is the Median word for dog. The foothills of the mountains where this cowherd pastured his cattle are north of Ecbatana, towards the Euxine sea; for the rest of Media is everywhere a level plain, but here, on the side of the Saspires,In the north-western part of Media: modern Azerbaijan. the land is very high and mountainous and covered with woods. So when the cowherd came in haste at the summons, Harpagus said: “Astyages wants you to take this child and leave it in the most desolate part of the mountains so that it will perish as quickly as possible. And he wants me to tell you that if you do not kill it, but preserve it somehow, you will undergo the most harrowing d<
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