pskin or parchment is stretched; it is of almost universal use among the negroes in the Southern States.
Its simplicity, and the case with which it is made and played, no doubt made it such a general favorite among them.
Its thrumming sound has a near resemblance to the bam-tam of the Africans and the Orient.
The latter is a lizard's skin stretched over a gourd; a tambourine, a sort of drum.
The guitar appears in the sculptures of ancient Egypt and Nimrond, and is much used in modern Oriental countries.
In the kermanjeh, or Syrian fiddle, the bridgepiece is supported upon the parchment cover of the body.
2. (Nautical.) The brass frame in which a screwpropeller is hung for hoisting.
（Cotton, etc.) A creel for holding rows of bobbins; a copping-plate or copping-rail.
2. (Glass.) The floor of a glass-melting furnace.
3. (Music.) A bench of keys of a stringed or wind instrument.
Generally applied to organs which have several key-boar
ng the king by advancing in military order, clapping their hands in time to the rhythm of the paean.
The attitude of the men forming the platoon reminds one of the modern Shakers.
Dancing was originally of a religious character, and has been introduced into the religious services of all nations and nearly all times.
In many countries it is practiced, as a part of the temple services, by professionals only, as the bayadeers of India; or by fanatics, as the dervishes of Moslem lands.
In Oriental countries, as also in ancient Rome, it is considered unbecoming the gravity of men, and they regard it absurd for persons who can afford to hire dancers to give themselves so much trouble.
The idea of dancing as a festive entertainment practiced by the guests seems to be European, though some of the pictures of ancient Egypt indicate that the guests danced at their assemblies.
Miriam and her troupe of females danced as a votive exercise in celebration of the deliverance at the Red Sea
e hand and arm thrust through to insert the key. My beloved put in his hand by the hole of the door, and my bowels were moved for him.
(Canticles v. 4.) That is the way the beloved let himself into the chamber. ,p>In the Book of Judges, chapter III.
verses 23-25, it is stated that Ehud, going forth, locked the doors, and his servants took a key and opened them.
This was 1336 B. C., and is the first mention of a key which could be taken out of the lock.
A, Fig. 2980, shows one of these Oriental locks.
The following is the description given in Eton's Survey of the Turkish Empire, published towards the close of the last century.
It will answer as well for the present time:—
The key goes into the back part of the bolt, and is composed of a square stick with five or six iron or wooden pins, about half an inch long, towards the end of it, placed at irregular distances, and answering to holes in the upper part of the bolt, which is pierced with a square hole to receive the key. The
block of wood is prepared as a matrix for a fusible metal by burning away portions of its surface.
The burning-tool is a delicate blade heated by a jet of flame, and is thrust down into the wood, making an incision of a given depth.
A cast is then taken in type-metal; the lines being salient afford a printing surface.
Preparations of inflammable material are used in making cascades of fire or explosions for signals or as expressions of rejoicing.
Fire-works are of Oriental origin.
The Chinese and Japanese still excel in their production.
The Yokohama Herald describes the effects produced at an exhibition of Japanese daylight fire-works These consisted principally of bombs which, exploding high in the air, discharged variously colored jets of smoke, and sometimes large parachutes which assumed the figures of fishes, snakes, or birds, which hovered kite-like and motionless in the air for an incredibly long time.
Occasionally they took the shape of cottages,
g a lateral motion.
Shagreen is a parchment and not a leather, though it is usually classed with the latter.
Its conception and production are Oriental, Astracan and Asiatic Russia being still the main sources of supply.
The hides of horses, asses, and camels are concerned in its production, and it is said that1.640
Coal, Cumberland, Md.1.355
Earth, moist sand2.050
Plaster of Paris1.176