mber, 1789--one month after ratifying the Federal Constitution — passed an act ceding, on certain conditions, her western territory — now constituting the State of Tennessee--to the Federal Union.
She exacted and required Congress to assent to this, among other conditions:
Provided always, that no regulation made, or to be made, by Congress, shall tend to emancipate slaves.
Georgia, likewise, in ceding to the Union (April 2, 1802) her outlying territories, now forming the States of Alabama and Mississippi, imposed upon the Union, and required Congress to accede to, the following condition:
Fifthly. That the territory thus ceded shall become a State, and be admitted into the Union as soon as it shall contain sixty thousand inhabitants, or at an earlier period, if Congress shall think it expedient, on the same conditions and restrictions, with the same privileges, and in the same manner, as is provided in the ordinance of Congress of the 13th day of July, 1787, for the gove
r having the character of, Abolition societies.
Resolutions, similar in spirit and demand, were adopted by the Legislatures of South Carolina, North Carolina, Alabama, and doubtless other Slave States. to which was now added the annihilation of Northern prosperity and consequence through a retributive withdrawal of Southern tradescribed by Henry A. Wise as made up of Dupont's best [Gunpowder], and cold steel.
Let your emissaries cross the Potomac, writes the Rev. T. S. Witherspoon from Alabama to The Emancipator, and I can promise you that your fate will be no less than Haman's.
At a public meeting convened in the church in the town of Clinton, MissiMessrs. Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Clay, Clayton, Crittenden, Davis, Ewing of Illinois, Ewing of Ohio, Goldsborough, Grundy, Hendricks, Hill, Hubbard, Kent, King of Alabama, King of Georgia, Knight, Linn, McKean, Morris, Naudain, Niles, Prentiss, Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Southard, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall
e triumph — the vote being the largest ever yet polled, and Mr. Foote elected by over 1,000
Foote, 28,738; Davis, 27,729. majority.
The rest of the Union State ticket, with a strongly Union Legislature, succeeded by still larger majorities.
Alabama, likewise, chose a Union Legislature, and a Union majority of Congressmen.
Louisiana, this year, elected a Whig Auditor and Legislature — meaning much the same thing.
And even South Carolina--having been summoned by her chieftains (Mr. Calhoun Cass 78; Mr. Buchanan 28; and Mr. Douglas 32, with 8 scattering.
On the forty-eighth, Gen. Pierce received 55, and on the next 232 votes-being all that were cast but six--and was declared the candidate.
For Vice-President, William R. King, of Alabama, received 126 on the first ballot, to 174 scattered among nine rivals; and on the second ballot he had 277 to 11 for Jefferson Davis, and was nominated.
This Convention, beside reaffirming the more essential propositions of its three predeces