imiots, and other tribes more inland, though
Macedonians by blood and allies and, dependents of their kindred, still have
their own separate governments.
The country on the sea coast, now called Macedonia, was first acquired by
Alexander, the father of Perdiccas, and his ancestors, originally Temenids
This was effected by the expulsion from Pieria of the Pierians, who
afterwards inhabited Phagres and other places under Mount Pangaeus, beyond
the Strymon （indeed the country between Pangaeus and the sea is
still called the Pierian gulf） of the Bottiaeans, at present neighbors of the Chalcidians, from Bottia,
and by the acquisition in Paeonia of a narrow strip along the river Axius
extending to Pella and the sea; the
Philip's government, and took Idomene by assault, Gortynia, Atalanta, and
some other places by negotiation, these last coming over for love of
Philip's son, Amyntas, then with Sitalces.
Laying siege to Europus, and failing to take it,
he next advanced into the rest of Macedonia to the left of Pella and
Cyrrhus, not proceeding beyond this into Bottia and Pieria, but staying to
lay waste Mygdonia, Crestonia, and Anthemus.
The Macedonians never even thought of meeting him with infantry; but the Thracian host was, as opportunity offered, attacked by handfuls of
their horse, which had been reinforced from their allies in the interior.
Armed with cuirasses, and excellent horsemen, wherever these charged they
overthrew all before them, bu